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Management of E-Waste in California. SB 20/50 Implementation: A New Opportunity for the Collection and Recycling of E-Waste In California. The Problem:. The Problem:. E-Waste Overview. Fastest Growing Waste Stream in the Industrialized World (2-5% of Municipal Solid Waste Stream)

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Management of E-Waste in California

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Management of E-Waste in California

SB 20/50 Implementation: A New Opportunity for the Collection and Recycling of E-Waste In California


The Problem:


The Problem:


E-Waste Overview

  • Fastest Growing Waste Stream in the Industrialized World (2-5% of Municipal Solid Waste Stream)

  • Relatively new waste stream – <20 years

  • Has become a problem of crises proportions due to rapid rate of obsolescence (2-3 year refresh of PCs)

eCyclingsm Services

  • Between 1997 and 2007 experts estimate more than 500 million obsolete computers in the US. In California under the new SB 20/50 electronic device program revenues could exceed $250 million per year.


E-Waste Overview

  • Large Volume

  • Hazardous Composition

  • Low Residual Value

  • Immature Recycling Laws and Regulations

  • Inadequate Domestic Recycling Infrastructure

  • Lack of attention from Manufacturers and Government

eCyclingsm Services


CRT Device Product Value


California Organization of Environmental Programs


Background on CRT Scrapin California

  • Each CRT contains 5-8 lbs of lead

    • Fails California HW criteria

  • DTSC estimates that 30% of lead in landfills is from CRTs

  • 6-10 million CRTs/yr discarded

    • 60% stored in attics, closets, and back rooms

    • 5-10% donated

    • 15-20% recycled

    • 20-25% disposed in solid waste


California Hazardous Law Waste

  • Is it a Waste: Discarded or recycled?

  • Is it Hazardous? – lead example:

    • Leachable lead greater than 5 mg/l in Landfill?

    • Total lead greater than 1000 mg/kg?

  • Households and CESQGs (< 100 kg/mo) may take to authorized location -- all others regulated:

    • Large Generators must register as generator and use hauler

    • Facility receiving haz. waste must have permit


What’s A Computer Made Of?-- 70 lb Desktop --

MaterialContent (%)

Silica 24.9

Plastics 23.0

Iron 20.5

Aluminum 14.2

Copper 6.9 (25x)

Lead 6.3 (60x)

Zinc 2.2 (4x)

Tin 1.0

Nickel 0.9

24 Other HMs 0.2

100%


SB 20 (Sher, 2003) – SB 50 (Sher, 2004)Landmark E-Waste Legislation

  • “Free and Convenient” Recycling

    • $6-$10 fee on all CRT sales – started 1/1/05

      • DTSC may include other hazardous video devices

      • CIWMB may adjust fee to cover costs in 2006

    • CIWMB Reimbursements

      • Collectors & Recyclers

      • Service must be “Free and Convenient”

      • CIWMB to adopt rules

  • Market-based Recycling – NotMandates


Terminology

  • Hazardous Waste – Subject to DTSC Standards

  • Universal Waste – Common and widespread HW eligible for streamlined management standards adopted by DTSC

  • Universal Waste Electronic Device (UWED) – Any hazardous electronic waste eligible for UW regs

  • Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) – Traditional TVs and Monitors

  • Covered Electronic Device (CED)– Video Display Device Subject SB 20/50 fees at point of Sale

  • Covered Electronic Waste (CEW)– Video Display Device Subject to SB 20/50 payments when discarded (> 4 in.)

  • Video Display Device – Moving graphical images (e.g., CRTs, LCDs, Plasma Screens)


Anything that is HW

Full HW Regulations

Permits to Handle

UWED Regulations

Streamlined Regs

Handlers notify

Subject to SB 20/SB 50

Covered Electronic Waste (Video Display Devices)

Subject to Collection & Recycling Payments

Administered by CIWMB

DTSC Regulates Hazardous Waste:

http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/LawsRegsPolicies/Regs/UWR_regs.cfm

http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/LawsRegsPolicies/Regs/CRT_final_regs.cfm


Universal Wastes

Aerosol Cans

Fluorescent Lamps

Mercury Devices

Batteries

Consumer Electronic Devices

SB 20 U-Waste Video Display Electronic Devices (if > than 4” diag.)

CRTs & CRT TVs

CRT Devices & Monitors

LCD Laptops & Monitors

LCD TVs

Plasma TVs

Computers? (Pending 2006 Leg)

Universal Waste? UWEDs? CRTs?

}

Effective 7/1/05

Don’t forget February 8, 2006Exemption Expiration for Households & CESQUWGs!!!


As a Handler may I Dismantle UWEDs or CRTs?

  • NO! Breakage, dismantling, releasing vacuum is “treatment”

    • special additional authorization is required

  • Incidental breakage OK as long as contained, cleaned up and properly managed

  • Removing Incidental breakage OK as long as CRTs from consoles is OK, but WHY? . . .

    • CIWMB payments to recyclers and collectors is based on full weight of CRT device delivered to recycler


Am I a Small or Large Quantity DTSC Universal Waste Handler?

  • Small Quantity Handler = less than 5000 kg/yr of all Universal Waste (except CRTs!)

    • Standards: 22 CCR 66273.10 et seq.

  • Large Quantity Handler = more than 5000 kg/yr of all Universal Waste (except CRTs!)

    • Standards: 22 CCR 66273.30 et seq.

  • CRT Material Handler = more than 5 CRTs

    • Standards: 22 CCR 66273.80 et seq.

Note: 5000 kg = 11,000 lbs


DTSC UWED StandardsPlease Refer to Regs!

  • Waste Management

    • Containment – prevent breakage – cleanup

    • Notification & Reporting – (next slide)

  • Labeling/Marking – “UWED” or “CRT” on device, container, pallet or “area”

  • Accumulation Time Limits – one year

    • Area or container must be dated

  • Employee Training – handling & E-procedures

  • Response to Releases – contain and manage

  • Off-Site Shipments – must go to Recycler or Handler

    • If Disposal then you are regulated as HW facility!

    • Must Accept rejected shipments back

    • Receipts or Bills of Lading and DOT regulations

    • Containers, Wrapped Pallets – no loose packing


DTSC Notification as Handler of UWED or CRT

DTSC Form 1382

30 Days prior to accepting CEWs or UWEDs

Annual Report due Feb. for Prior Year

Notification Requirement #1DTSC UWED or CRT Handler

  • Form Contents

  • Handler Information

  • Handling Activities

  • Destination Facilities

    • Materials Shipped

  • Exports

    • Materials Shipped

  • Certification

http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/HazardousWaste/EWaste/upload/HWM_FRM_Ewaste_1382.pdf


CIWMB Adopts Regs4/13/04, Updated 11/9/04 & 12/5/05Final Regulations: 7/18/06

  • Recycler Payments: $0.48/lb

    • Only applies to CEWs

    • $0.20/lb passed to collector

    • Must be “Free and Convenient” Service

      • Additional Fees OK for Supplemental Programs

  • Notification requirements

    • Must notify CIWMB

      • Authorized Collector or Recycler

http://www.ciwmb.ca.gov/Rulemaking/EWaste/default.htm


How the California CEW Recycling System Works

“Free and Convenient”

$6-$10/unit

Retailer or ManufacturerPoint of Sale

Consumer

Authorized Collector

CIWMB

$0.20/lb

$6-$10/unit quarterly

$0.28/lb + $0.20/lb

Authorized Recycler

California Board of Equalization

DTSC

Devices

End Recycler

Money

Reports


Once Again - How Do Authorized Collectors Get Paid for CEWs?

  • Only for CEWs

  • Collected After 1/1/05

  • Must Notify DTSC as UWED Handler

  • Must Notify CIWMB to be Authorized Collector

  • Receive $0.20 per pound of entire device

  • Delivered to Authorized Recycler

“Free and Convenient”

Consumer

Authorized Collector

CIWMB

$0.20/lb

$0.28/lb + $0.20/lb

Authorized Recycler


CIWMB Application for Authorized Collector

CIWMB Form 186

Must receive CIWMB approval – 30 days

Good for 2 years

Net Cost Report due Mar.

Notification Requirement #2 CIWMB Authorized Collector

http://www.ciwmb.ca.gov/Electronics/Act2003/Recovery/Application/


Authorized Collector Reporting Requirements

  • DSTC

    • Notify DTSC if any changes

    • Annual Report Due February for prior year

      • Due February 1, 2006 if more than 100 kg of UW in 2005

  • CIWMB

    • Notify CIWMB if any changes

    • Renew application every 2 yrs

      • 90 days prior to expiration

    • Net Cost Report Due March 1 for prior year

http://www.ciwmb.ca.gov/Electronics/Act2003/Recovery/NetCost/Default.htm


Authorized Collector Compliance Checklist

Read the Regs: 14 CCR 18660.20

  • Only CA CEWs collected after January 1, 2005

  • Notify DTSC and Apply with CIWMB

    • Can only accept CEWs for CIWMB payment after approval

  • Deliver to Authorized Recyclers

  • Must offer “Free and Convenient” Service

  • Reporting (DTSC and CIWMB “Net Cost”)

  • Recordkeeping including collection log & source

  • Previously “cancelled” units not eligible


Sample Authorized Collector Log

  • Generator Name/Address

  • CEWs Received

    • Unit Type

    • Weight

  • Submitted to Recycler

Why? To Only Pay for “California” CEWs !


Documentation Exemption: Designated Approved Collectors

Exemptions Under Old Regs

  • Cities or Counties

  • “Agents” of Local Gov.

    Exemptions Under New Regs

  • Cities or Counties

  • Designated Approved Collectors

  • Permitted SW Facilities

  • Not For Profits

Draft

Proof of Designation Form


Does Exemption Mean “No Collection Forms”? – Nope !!!

Source-Anonymous Collection Log

  • Source Anonymous CEWs – Once Again:

    • Local Governments

    • Designated Approved Collectors

    • Permitted SWFs

    • Not For Profits

  • Must Fill Out Source-Anonymous Log

    • Submit with CEWs to Recycler

Draft


What is a “Free and Convenient” Opportunity?

CIWMB Regulations (22 CCR 18660.6 (d)):

  • If the recovery payment from a recycler does not fully cover the net cost of CEW recovery, and the collector establishes a cost-free opportunity for a California source to transfer CEWs to the collector,then an approved collector may charge a fee for CEW recovery.

  • Frequency? Good Question: At least Annually -- Monthly better – rely totally on $0.20/lb received from state program

    • Once F&C Opportunity provided, fee may be charged

  • Annual Net Cost Report must justify costs

    • Used by CIWMB to determine if $0.20/lb is correct amount

    • Must justify any additional costs charged by collector


E-Waste Recycling Opportunities

  • Key to remember that SB 20/50 provides funding for e-waste recycling programs, but doesn’t mandate or require such programs on cities and counties.

  • Creates a new money making opportunity to go sell new recycling programs!


Authorized Collectors Bring CEWs to Authorized Recycler and Submits Invoice

5/1/06

1/1/06

2/1/06

3/1/06

4/1/06

Collector Submits to Recycler

CIWMB Reviews Claim

Recycler Submits January Claim

Recycler gets $$$

Four Month Payment Delay

Recycling Payment Timeline & “Float”


California Program Results So Far:

  • January 2005: 95 approved collectors and 20 approved recyclers

  • May 2006: 401 approved collectors and 46 approved recyclers

  • 2005 Total Revenues: $73 million

  • 2005 Total Claims: $31 million

  • First Quarter Claims:

    • 2005: 8.8 million pounds

    • 2006: 15.8 million pounds

  • No Change to Fee & Payment Structure


“It’s going to be a busy and interesting future for E-Waste”

In Summary:

  • Multi-millions per year in potential revenue

  • Waste Management has extensive network

  • Scrap CRTs, LCDs & Plasma Screens are Haz. Waste in California

  • Handlers must comply with DTSC and CIWMB Regs

  • New Wastes are Likely to be added: Computers and other Electronic Devices


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