How happened in spain
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How happened in Spain ?. Isidro García Nieto Social worker and sexologist. CCOO Spain. SPANISH BACKGROUND. Spain is known all over the world as a strongly catholic, traditional and conservative country. But, is this true?

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How happened in spain

Howhappenedin Spain?

Isidro García Nieto

Social worker and sexologist.

CCOO Spain


Spanish background

SPANISH BACKGROUND

  • Spain is known all over the world as a strongly catholic, traditional and conservative country.

  • But, is this true?

  • Are the Spanish people so catholic and conservative as people think rigth now?


Spanish background1

SPANISH BACKGROUND

  • We are one of the most influenced countries by catholicism.

  • For example, this summer we had the international catholic young meeting…


Spanish background2

SPANISH BACKGROUND

  • As a lot of other mediterranian countries, our society is strongly pathriarcal and male chauvinist…*

  • Sexist society.


Recent spanish history

RECENT SPANISH HISTORY

  • We can not forget that from 1936 until 1975 we were under a reactionary militar dictatorship.

    • Spain was internationally isolated.

    • Strong ideological control and censorship.

    • State and church was intimately togheter.

    • Women rights were dennied.

    • Homosexuality was a crime.


How was the transition

HOW WAS THE TRANSITION?

Treatment of LGBT people

1975

CRIMINAL CODE

2005

CIVIL CODE*


The strength of being in the end of the line

The strength of being in the end of the line

  • Spain was in the back of Europe for years about:

    • Freedom.

    • Equality.

    • Rigths.

    • Culture.

  • The spanish people used this strength to improve their social environement.


Actors

ACTORS

  • LGTB groups and NGO´s

    • Themaintaskwasforthosegrouptomake visible the invisible.

    • Give a positive model and general infoaboutLGTB reality.

    • Makesurethatthe LGTB issueisonthepolitical agenda.

    • Helppoliticianstodeveloplawstoreachequality.

  • It´simportanttobe active, and makethe LGTB people visible in society.

  • Justifyoumakepeopleknowaboutthediscriminationthatyou are suffering ,theywillgetconcernedaboutit.

  • That´sthemaintask of the LGTB groups.


Actors1

ACTORS

  • Leftwingpoliticalparties.

    • Theleftwingpartywasthehistoricalpetitioner of the LGTB people in thepoliticalarea. Withtheyears and thehardwork of the LGTB groups and NGO´stheygetconcerned.

    • In 2004 thesocialistpartywinsthe general electionswith Zapatero as president. Thisvictoryendswith 8 years of conservative and homophobicgovermentfromtherigthwing. In 2005 themarriage and adoptionwasapproved.

  • Worktogetherwithpoliticiansistheonlywaytoimprovethe legal background, and makeitbetterto LGTB.

  • Little bylittleyou can reachthe legal equality.

  • Visible LGTB politicians can helptothenormalization of thecollective.


Law evolution concern to lgtb in spain

LAW EVOLUTION CONCERN TO LGTB IN SPAIN

  • Prision.

  • Lobotomy.

  • Aversive theraphy

  • Lgtb group reivindication.

  • 1979 reformation

  • LRPS. (homosexual)

  • 1988 Public Scandal


Law evolution concern to lgtb in spain1

LAW EVOLUTION CONCERN TO LGTB IN SPAIN

  • CEE New legal and political reference.

  • Different speed in the different territories. 90/00


Law evolution concern to lgtb in spain2

LAW EVOLUTION CONCERN TO LGTB IN SPAIN


Actors2

ACTORS

  • Tradeunions.

    • Tadeunionshaveplayedanimportant role overhistorysupportingthesocial evolution.

    • They can reach a lot of differentgroups and spread theequalitymessages in some of themthathardly can bereachedanyotherway.

    • Theymakeanimportant role in theeducation of theworkers, tradeunionist, and therest of society.

    • Theyhave a stronginfluence in social oppinion and in thedevelop of new laws.

    • Tradeunions can helpustomake visible the LTGB issue.

  • Worktogethertobe visible in the “workersdays”, “pride”, tointoduce LGTB equality in thetradeuniontrainnings, in thecollectivebargaining, etc..

  • Collaborationagreementsignedbetwenthespanishfederation of LGTB associations and CCOO.


Actors3

ACTORS

  • Social researchspecialist and surveys.

    • Manypeoplethinksthatmarriageoradoption can beharmfulforthesociety and speciallyforthechildren. This can be a strongobstacle.

    • In Spainthesurveyaboutthefamilies of lesbian, gay and bisexual withkids , and theirpossitiveresultswereessential in theapprovalof marriage and adoption.

  • Support and promotethe social research and surveysaboutthe LGTB issue, homoparentalfamilies, consecuences of homophobia…


Warning

Warning!!

  • In the years after the approval of the lgtb marriage, the homophobic reactions increased and were more visible. But in a few months they decreased. (foto manifestación foro de las familias)

  • We still figth against the declarations of the catholic church.

  • The rigth wing parties still want to change the law, and make a special marriage for LGTB.

  • Marriage law is rigth now appealled in the constitutional court.


The chance

The chance

  • All the efforts get together, and the 3th of July of 2005 the civil code was rewritten…

  • From this moment thousand of LGTB get married, and have decided to have children.

  • The best weapong against homophobia in the visibilization and normalization.

  • Now Spain is one of the countries in the head of Europe about LGTB rigths…


If we have done it you can also

Ifwehavedone it, you can also…

Thanks


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