E-Land Administration and the privacy issues
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E-Land Administration and the privacy issues. By Simeão V. Cambaco ICT Policy Implementation Technical Unit, Mozambique. Presentation outline:. Introduction Land administration commands ICT Policy EG Strategy Concerns in relation to privacy issues. The country, people and biodiversity.

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By sime o v cambaco ict policy implementation technical unit mozambique

E-Land Administration and the privacy issues

By Simeão V. Cambaco

ICT Policy Implementation Technical Unit,

Mozambique


By sime o v cambaco ict policy implementation technical unit mozambique

Presentation outline:

  • Introduction

  • Land administration commands

  • ICT Policy

  • EG Strategy

  • Concerns in relation to privacy issues


By sime o v cambaco ict policy implementation technical unit mozambique

The country, people and biodiversity


By sime o v cambaco ict policy implementation technical unit mozambique

Land administration commands :

  • 1975 Constitution- State ownership of land;

  • 1979- First Land Law;

  • 1987- Regulations of the 1979 Land Law;

    • - Structural Adjustment Programme;

  • 1990- New Constitution approved:

  • - maintains State ownership of land;

  • - Introduces multiparty democracy system;

  • 1995- National Land Policy approved, with the following main points:


By sime o v cambaco ict policy implementation technical unit mozambique

Some National Land Policy points:

  • Restore food production levels so as to attain food security;

  • Being land their principal resource, create conditions for family sector agriculture to have guaranteed access to it so as to develop and grow, both in terms of volume and productivity;

  • Promote private investment using land and other natural resources in a sustainable and productive way, without prejudice to local interests;

  • Conserve areas of ecological interest and manage natural resources in a sustainable way, in order to assure the quality of life of future generations;

  • Review the taxation system so as to be as a function of occupation and use of land and hence contribute to the public revenues.


By sime o v cambaco ict policy implementation technical unit mozambique

1997- New Land Law passed by Parliament

  • To whom can land rights be awarded?:

  • To any citizen, either a national or foreigner;

  • to companies, on a 50 year lease basis, through a formal application to Government;

  • to communities; and

  • individuals by bona fide occupation, ie, occupation for, at least 10 years.


By sime o v cambaco ict policy implementation technical unit mozambique

1998: Land Law Regulations approved

  • Provide details of how the law has to be implemented, including definitions of various terms, eg:

  • Expiry of provisional authorization

  • Extinction of land use and benefit rights

  • Period for renewal of 50 year lease


By sime o v cambaco ict policy implementation technical unit mozambique

1998- Land Law Regulations approved (cont’d)

  • National Cadastral Database shall contain data to:

  • Know the economic and legal status of the land;

  • Know the type of occupancy, use and benefit as well as an evaluation of soil fertility, forestry areas, water, fauna and flora reserves, mineral occurrences and areas for tourism;

  • Organise efficiently land utilisation, protection and conservation;

  • Determine the appropriate regions for specialised production.


2000 technical annex

2000: Technical Annex

Provide guidelines on how to carry out various cadastral processes, such as:

  • Community land delimitation;

  • Delimitation of bona fide occupation land;

  • Demarcation of various occupation types for the purpose of title issue


2000 ict policy approved

2000: ICT Policy approved

  • Contribute to reducing absolute poverty and improve the lives of the Mozambican people;

  • Contribute to fight against illiteracy and accelerate human resources development;

  • Provide the Mozambican people with a universal access to information and world-wide knowledge;

  • Raise the effectiveness and efficiency of public and private sector services;

  • Improve governance and public administration;

  • Create a legal and business environments favourable to the production and dissemination of ICT’s; and

  • Make Mozambique an active and competitive partner in the Global Information Society and the world economy”.


2004 land application handling system

2004: Land Application Handling System

  • First steps in computerization of cadastral records, and connection to a spatial database, using the LAHS (Land Application Handling System) package


By sime o v cambaco ict policy implementation technical unit mozambique

LAHS

LAHS ARCHITECTURE

Provincial Configuration

Oracle 9i

VB Application Installed

PC User

Server

Server - Client

PC User

PC User


Data entry

ORACLE DATABASE

ArcSDE

DATA ENTRY

Data capture

  • LAHS 2. ArcGIS (DGPS-OmniSTAR)

Oracle 4. ArcSDE


Lims caracteristics and objectives

LIMS caracteristics and objectives:

  • LIMS is an implementation of e-Land Registration and Land Information Management through digitizing all cadastral records in Mozambique

  • Web based

  • It has a common database, unlike LAHS

  • It is to support effective and efficient policy and decision-making concerning allocation of land and associated natural resources

  • It is a means of land resource inventory;

  • It is delivered via GovNet, a Government internal network


By sime o v cambaco ict policy implementation technical unit mozambique

Internet

Client Browser

Client Browser

Client Browser

Client Browser

Intranet

LIMS Architecture

National Configuration

Client Browsers

Maputo

Web Application

Web Server

Oracle 9i


Govnet national telecommunication platform network

GovNet: National Telecommunication Platform Network

Lichinga

Pemba

Nacala

Cuamba

Ilha de Moçambique

Songo

Nampula

Tete

Angoche

Quelimane

N

Manica

Chimoio

Beira

Vilanculos

SPGC(Provincial Cadastral Office)

Maputo

Chokwe

Inhambane

Provincial Capital

Town/City

Submarine Fibre Optic

Xai-Xai

Inland Fibre Optic

Maputo

hertziane Digital


2006 electronic government strategy approved

2006: Electronic Government Strategy approved

  • Main objectives:

  • To improve the efficiency and effectiveness in the delivery of public services;

  • To ensure transparency and accountability of Government;

  • To provide access to information to improve business and make citizens easier.


Main concerns for e land administration

Main concerns for e-Land Administration

  • LIMS allows everybody, with the necessary permission to view the system to query it;

  • The system can be queried by name of applicant or rights holder, by location of land parcels, by the file number;

  • Contributes to greater transparency;

  • When database full populated, there will be need to go to the relevant office to get information or forms

  • Other Government departments will use for their own activities


Main concerns for e land administration cont d

Main concerns for e-Land Administration (cont’d)

Disadvantages/ concerns:

  • There is no data protection legislation in the country;

  • The database holds personal information;

  • It can display all land parcels belonging to the same person and the amount of fees/taxes/rents due;

  • It exposes certain Mozambican elites;

    Opportunity:

    A draft Law on Electronic Transactions has been made and under public discussion.

    Contains one article on electronic data protection


By sime o v cambaco ict policy implementation technical unit mozambique

Thank you

Merci beaucoup

Kanimambo


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