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6. Sexuality: Choices in Sexual Behavior. Objectives. Define sexual identity, and discuss the major components of sexual identity, including biology, gender identity, gender roles, and sexual orientation. Identify major features and functions of sexual anatomy and physiology.

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6

Sexuality: Choices in Sexual Behavior


Objectives
Objectives

  • Define sexual identity, and discuss the major components of sexual identity, including biology, gender identity, gender roles, and sexual orientation.

  • Identify major features and functions of sexual anatomy and physiology.

  • Discuss the options available for the expression of one’s sexuality.

  • Classify sexual dysfunctions, and describe major disorders.


Your sexual identity
Your Sexual Identity

  • Sexual identity – the recognition and acknowledgement of oneself as a sexual being; is determined by a complex interaction of genetic, physiological, environmental, and social factors


Gender
Gender

  • Socialization

  • Gender identity

  • Gender role

  • Androgyny

  • Transgendered


Sexual orientation
Sexual Orientation

  • Heterosexual

  • Homosexual

  • Bisexual

  • Transsexual


Female sexual anatomy and physiology
Female Sexual Anatomy and Physiology

  • External female genitals:

    • Mons pubis

    • Labia minora

    • Labia majora

    • Clitoris

    • Urethral opening

    • Hymen

    • Perineum



Female sexual anatomy and physiology continued
Female Sexual Anatomy and Physiology (continued)

  • Internal female genitals:

    • Vagina

    • Uterus

    • (Uterine) fallopian tubes

    • Ovaries





Menstrual problems
Menstrual Problems Cycle

  • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)

  • Toxic shock syndrome (TSS)

  • Dysmenorrhea


Menopause
Menopause Cycle

  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)

  • Menopausal hormone therapy

  • Women’s Health Initiative (WHI)

    • Research on HRT


Male sexual anatomy and physiology

External male genitals: Cycle

Penis

Scrotum

Internal male genitals:

Testes

Epididymides

Ductus (vas) deferens

Urethra

Seminal vesicles

Prostrate gland

Cowper’s gland

Male Sexual Anatomy and Physiology



Human sexual response
Human Sexual Response Cycle

  • Stages of sexual response:

    • Excitement/arousal

    • Plateau

    • Orgasm

    • Resolution




Sexual response among older adults
Sexual Response Among Older Adults (continued)

  • Women:

    • Post menopause changes include:

      • Less elastic skin

      • Internal organs shrink

      • Vaginal walls become thinner

      • Decreased vaginal lubrication

  • Men:

    • Require more direct and prolonged stimulation to achieve erection

    • Erection is less firm

    • Decrease intensity of ejaculation


Sexual behavior what is normal
Sexual Behavior: What Is Normal? (continued)

  • Common sociocultural standards in Western culture:

  • The heterosexual standard

  • The coital standard

  • The orgasmic standard

  • The two-person standard

  • The romantic standard

  • The safer sex standard


Options for sexual expression
Options for Sexual Expression (continued)

  • Celibacy

  • Autoerotic behaviors

  • Sexual fantasies

  • Masturbation

  • Kissing and erotic touching

  • Manual stimulation

  • Oral-genital stimulation

  • Vaginal intercourse

  • Anal intercourse


Variant sexual behavior
Variant Sexual Behavior (continued)

  • Group Sex

  • Transvestism

  • Fetishism

  • Exhibitionism

  • Voyeurism

  • Sadomasochism

  • Pedophilia

  • Autoerotic asphyxiation


Difficulties that can hinder sexual function
Difficulties That Can Hinder Sexual Function (continued)

  • Sexual desire disorders

  • Sexual arousal disorders

  • Orgasm disorders

  • Sexual performance anxiety

  • Sexual pain disorders



Drugs and sex
Drugs and Sex (continued)

  • Alcohol

  • “Date rape” drugs


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