Sexuality choices in sexual behavior
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6. Sexuality: Choices in Sexual Behavior. Objectives. Define sexual identity, and discuss the major components of sexual identity, including biology, gender identity, gender roles, and sexual orientation. Identify major features and functions of sexual anatomy and physiology.

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Sexuality: Choices in Sexual Behavior

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Sexuality choices in sexual behavior

6

Sexuality: Choices in Sexual Behavior


Objectives

Objectives

  • Define sexual identity, and discuss the major components of sexual identity, including biology, gender identity, gender roles, and sexual orientation.

  • Identify major features and functions of sexual anatomy and physiology.

  • Discuss the options available for the expression of one’s sexuality.

  • Classify sexual dysfunctions, and describe major disorders.


Your sexual identity

Your Sexual Identity

  • Sexual identity – the recognition and acknowledgement of oneself as a sexual being; is determined by a complex interaction of genetic, physiological, environmental, and social factors


Gender

Gender

  • Socialization

  • Gender identity

  • Gender role

  • Androgyny

  • Transgendered


Sexual orientation

Sexual Orientation

  • Heterosexual

  • Homosexual

  • Bisexual

  • Transsexual


Female sexual anatomy and physiology

Female Sexual Anatomy and Physiology

  • External female genitals:

    • Mons pubis

    • Labia minora

    • Labia majora

    • Clitoris

    • Urethral opening

    • Hymen

    • Perineum


Figure 6 1 external female genital structures

Figure 6.1 External Female Genital Structures

Figure 6.1


Female sexual anatomy and physiology continued

Female Sexual Anatomy and Physiology (continued)

  • Internal female genitals:

    • Vagina

    • Uterus

    • (Uterine) fallopian tubes

    • Ovaries


Figure 6 2 side view of female reproductive organs

Figure 6.2 Side View of Female Reproductive Organs

Figure 6.2


The onset of puberty and the menstrual cycle

The Onset of Puberty and the Menstrual Cycle

  • Puberty

  • Menarche

  • Ovulation


Figure 6 3 phases of the menstrual uterine and ovarian cycle

Figure 6.3 Phases of the Menstrual (Uterine) and Ovarian Cycle

Figure 6.3


Menstrual problems

Menstrual Problems

  • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)

  • Toxic shock syndrome (TSS)

  • Dysmenorrhea


Menopause

Menopause

  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)

  • Menopausal hormone therapy

  • Women’s Health Initiative (WHI)

    • Research on HRT


Male sexual anatomy and physiology

External male genitals:

Penis

Scrotum

Internal male genitals:

Testes

Epididymides

Ductus (vas) deferens

Urethra

Seminal vesicles

Prostrate gland

Cowper’s gland

Male Sexual Anatomy and Physiology


Figure 6 4 side view of the male reproductive organs

Figure 6.4 Side View of the Male Reproductive Organs

Figure 6.4


Human sexual response

Human Sexual Response

  • Stages of sexual response:

    • Excitement/arousal

    • Plateau

    • Orgasm

    • Resolution


Figure 6 5 comparison of male and female sexual responses

Figure 6.5 Comparison of Male and Female Sexual Responses

Figure 6.5.1


Figure 6 5 comparison of male and female sexual responses continued

Figure 6.5 Comparison of Male and Female Sexual Responses (continued)

Figure 6.5.2


Sexual response among older adults

Sexual Response Among Older Adults

  • Women:

    • Post menopause changes include:

      • Less elastic skin

      • Internal organs shrink

      • Vaginal walls become thinner

      • Decreased vaginal lubrication

  • Men:

    • Require more direct and prolonged stimulation to achieve erection

    • Erection is less firm

    • Decrease intensity of ejaculation


Sexual behavior what is normal

Sexual Behavior: What Is Normal?

  • Common sociocultural standards in Western culture:

  • The heterosexual standard

  • The coital standard

  • The orgasmic standard

  • The two-person standard

  • The romantic standard

  • The safer sex standard


Options for sexual expression

Options for Sexual Expression

  • Celibacy

  • Autoerotic behaviors

  • Sexual fantasies

  • Masturbation

  • Kissing and erotic touching

  • Manual stimulation

  • Oral-genital stimulation

  • Vaginal intercourse

  • Anal intercourse


Variant sexual behavior

Variant Sexual Behavior

  • Group Sex

  • Transvestism

  • Fetishism

  • Exhibitionism

  • Voyeurism

  • Sadomasochism

  • Pedophilia

  • Autoerotic asphyxiation


Difficulties that can hinder sexual function

Difficulties That Can Hinder Sexual Function

  • Sexual desire disorders

  • Sexual arousal disorders

  • Orgasm disorders

  • Sexual performance anxiety

  • Sexual pain disorders


Figure 6 6 prevalence of sexual problems in men and women

Figure 6.6 Prevalence of Sexual Problems in Men and Women

Figure 6.6


Drugs and sex

Drugs and Sex

  • Alcohol

  • “Date rape” drugs


  • Login