Labour Market Participation of Women in the Netherlands
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S H A R I N G T H E P A S T DEBATING THE PRESENT C R E A T I N G T H E F U T U R E PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Labour Market Participation of Women in the Netherlands Antia Wiersma Manager Knowledge Development & Policy Advice. S H A R I N G T H E P A S T DEBATING THE PRESENT C R E A T I N G T H E F U T U R E.

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S H A R I N G T H E P A S T DEBATING THE PRESENT C R E A T I N G T H E F U T U R E

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S h a r i n g t h e p a s t debating the present c r e a t i n g t h e f u t u r e

Labour Market Participation of Women in the Netherlands

Antia Wiersma

Manager Knowledge Development & Policy Advice

S H A R I N G T H E P A S TDEBATING THE PRESENTCREATINGTHEFUTURE


S h a r i n g t h e p a s t debating the present c r e a t i n g t h e f u t u r e

Labour Market Participation in 2012*Men (20-65 yrs) 79%full time81%Women (20-65 yrs) 65%full time26%(Averagepercentage of labour market participationof women in Europe is 58.5)*At least 12 hours per week employed

Facts & Figures


S h a r i n g t h e p a s t debating the present c r e a t i n g t h e f u t u r e

Labour Market Participation in 2011Menwith only elementary school:63 %with university degree:88 %Womenwith only elementary school: 33%with university degree: 82%

Facts & Figures


Average number of hours per week in 2011 men 38 2 women 26 4

Average number of hours per week in 2011Men 38.2Women 26.4

Facts & Figures


S h a r i n g t h e p a s t debating the present c r e a t i n g t h e f u t u r e

Explanations for labour market participation of women in The Netherlands - availability and affordability of day care- possibility of family leave - part time labour possibilities

Facts & Figures


Further look into 1 women in management senior positions 2 economically dependent women

Further look into:1. Women in management/senior positions2. Economically dependent women

Facts & Figures


S h a r i n g t h e p a s t debating the present c r e a t i n g t h e f u t u r e

Women in management/senior positions in 2011Corporate BoardsTop 25 companies11.7%Top 100 companies10.2%Not for profit sector30.0%Non-profit sector32.0%(National) government26.0%Universities (professors)15.0%

Facts & Figures


S h a r i n g t h e p a s t debating the present c r e a t i n g t h e f u t u r e

Measures to engage more women in senior positionsCorporate Boards* Law Kalma – target 30% women on boards by end of 2015Government* Government declaration – target 30% women by end of 2016Universities* Affirmative action by several universities (Groningen, Delft)

Facts & Figures


S h a r i n g t h e p a s t debating the present c r e a t i n g t h e f u t u r e

Economic IndependenceDefinition: Individual net income derived from work or entrepreneurship of at least 70 % of net minimum wage (for 2011 € 880 per month)Men (20-65 yrs)74%Women (20-65 yrs)52%

Facts & Figures


S h a r i n g t h e p a s t debating the present c r e a t i n g t h e f u t u r e

Economic dependent women48% of women are not economically independentnet pay is lower than € 880 per month and/orthey depend on a third party for (at least part of) their income* partner* family members* government (benefits from social security)

Facts & Figures


S h a r i n g t h e p a s t debating the present c r e a t i n g t h e f u t u r e

Reasons for women not to work or less than 12 hours per week1. Illness/unability to work due to illness2. Caring for family/relatives3. Early retirement 4. Educational reasons

Facts & Figures


S h a r i n g t h e p a s t debating the present c r e a t i n g t h e f u t u r e

(Perceived) Obstacles for women with a small job or no job at all1. Work takes up time that should be used for family/relatives2. Negative associations with day care (motherhood doctrine)3. Traditional views on role of women (at the home, raising children)4. Insecurity about one’s own capacities 5. Doubts about job possibilities in general 6. Driven by their external surroundings, not by internal motives7. Limited knowlegde of existing possibilities and regulations

Facts & Figures


S h a r i n g t h e p a s t debating the present c r e a t i n g t h e f u t u r e

Who are these women? 1. Group who really does not want to work2. Group who really wants to work but does not know how to get a job3. Group with low self esteem4. Group of women who think no harm to step out of the labour process for a few years

Facts & Figures


S h a r i n g t h e p a s t debating the present c r e a t i n g t h e f u t u r e

Eigen Kracht / One’s own strength- government policy since 2011- aim to enlarge labour participation of low educated women- 22 (large) municipalities/cities participate- several studies and projects – also done by Atria- Table of One project by Women Inc

Facts & Figures


S h a r i n g t h e p a s t debating the present c r e a t i n g t h e f u t u r e

Table of One- organized by network organization called Women Inc and local partners- funded by national government/Ministery of Education, Culture & Science- in 13 cities in The Netherlands*5 meetings*2 hours each* once a week* 7 women per table and one table buddy* 7 questions per meeting- too early for any results

Facts & Figures


S h a r i n g t h e p a s t debating the present c r e a t i n g t h e f u t u r e

[email protected] [email protected]+31 – 20 -30 31 508


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