Part I INTRODUCTION. Chapter 1 Juvenile Justice: An Overview. Outline. What Is the Background of Juvenile Justice In the United States? How Did the Juvenile Court Develop? What Is the History of Juvenile Confinement? How Did Probation Develop? What Is the History of Aftercare?
Chapter 1Juvenile Justice: An Overview
1. What is the juvenile justice system? What does it do?
2. How were juveniles handled by society before the founding of the juvenile court?
Hints (pp. 5–6):
3.Which juveniles were targeted before the founding of the juvenile court and why? Who engineered the founding of the court, and what philosophy did they follow?
Hints (pp. 5–9):
4.Describe the early juvenile court.
Hints (pp. 6–9):
5.What was the thinking behind the development of the first houses of refuge?
Hints (pp. 9–10):
6.When were reformatories developed, and what were their goals?
Hints (pp. 10–11):
7.Describe the cottage system.
Hints (p. 10-11):
8. Describe the history of juvenile probation up to the present.
Hints (pp. 11–12):
9.What is the definition of aftercare? Describe its history.
Hints (pp. 12):
10.What are the historical themes of juvenile justice? Discuss each.
Hints (p. 15):
Hints (pp. 15–16):
11.What are the juvenile justice agencies?
12.What are the functions of each of the agencies?
Hint (p. 16):
Hint (p. 16):
Hint (p. 17-18):
13.Describe the differences between the juvenile and adult justice systems.
Hints (p. 17):
14. Describe what happens at each stage of juvenile justice processing.
Hints (p. 19):
15.What are the different philosophies used in juvenile justice?
Hint (pp. 20–26):
Hint (pp. 20-22):
Hint (pp. 22–23):
Hint (pp. 23–24):
Hint (pp. 24–25):