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Native American Tribes. Each region had different natural resources. Each culture group used the natural resources in its region to meet its needs. Native Americans used natural resources to meet their needs. trees. water. stones. buffalo.

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Each region had different natural resources.

Each culture group used the natural resources in its region to meet its needs.


Native Americans used natural resourcesto meet their needs.

trees

water

stones

buffalo

Natural resources are things in nature that people can use.


Great plaines tribes
Great Plaines Tribes

  • Kainah Indians

  • Mandan Indians

  • Oglala Indians

  • Osage Indians

  • Oto Indians

  • Piegan Indians

  • Ponca Indians

  • Quapaw Indians

  • Sarsi Indians

  • Siksika Indians

  • Teton Indians

  • Wichita Indians

  • Yanktonai Indians

  • Arapaho Indians

  • Arikara Indians

  • Assiniboine Indians

  • Atsina Indians

  • Brule Indians

  • Cheyenne Indians

  • Chipewyan Indians

  • Cree Indians

  • Crow Indians

  • Dakota Indians

  • Hidatsa Indians


Great Plains Indians Homes

Buffalo were a natural resource in the Plains region. The meat was used for food. The skins were used for shelters and clothing. The bones were used for tools.


Great plains indians homes
Great Plains Indians Homes

  • Tepees: tent-like American Indian houses

  • Grass Houses:beehive shape and thatched with long prairie grass (Caddos)


Southeast tribes
Southeast Tribes

  • Cherokees

  • Natchez

  • Chickasaw

  • Creeks


South east indians
South East Indians

  • Lived about 4000 years ago.

  • Each tribe had their own government and languages.

  • The tribes believed in their own gods and goddesses to guide them through life.


South east indians1
South East Indians

  • Wattle & Daub Houses: made by weaving rivercane, wood, and vines into a frame, then coating the frame with plaste (Cherokee)

  • Chickees: Huts, stilt housesick posts supporting a thatched roof and a flat wooden platform raised several feet off the ground. They did not have any walls (Florida )

  • Earth Homes: in the ground


South east indians2
South East Indians

  • Produced colorful art using their dyes.

  • Made their own baskets from natural materials.

  • Used shells to make tools and hunting knives.

  • Most known for their beautiful beadwork.


Northeast indians tribes
Northeast Indians Tribes

The group of Native American known as the Woodland Indians is made up of several tribes. These are some of the major tribes.

Delaware Wampanoag Huron

Narraganset PowhatanIroquois

Mohawk Oneida Onondaga

Cayuga Seneca Tuscarora




Food the Eastern Woodland tribes.

Corn, beans, and squash were the most important crops planted. They were know as “The Three Sisters” as they were also grown together.


North east homes
North East Homes the Eastern Woodland tribes.

  • Wigwams-woven mats and sheets of birchbark (Algonquian)

  • Longhouse: Longhouses could be 150 feet long, 20 feet wide, and 20 feet high (Iroquois)


Iroquois confederacy
Iroquois Confederacy the Eastern Woodland tribes.

  • Political alliance formed by five language related tribes in the Northeastern Woodlands

  • Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca

  • Alliance formed to ensure protection of tribal lands

  • U.S. uses similar ideas when creating its own government


Southwest
Southwest the Eastern Woodland tribes.

  • Hohokam, Anasazi, Hopi, Navaho

  • Harsher environment - dry desert

  • Farmers - used irrigation to grow corn, beans, and squash - The Three Sisters

  • Excellent builders - pueblos and cliff dwellings


Southwest indians
Southwest Indians the Eastern Woodland tribes.

  • Adobe Houses:multi-story houses made of adobe (clay and straw baked into hard bricks

  • Hopi, Pueblo, Adobe


Cliff Palace the Eastern Woodland tribes.

Mesa Verde


Kiva the Eastern Woodland tribes.

Underground ceremonial chambers


The Pacific Northwest the Eastern Woodland tribes.


Pacific northwest
Pacific Northwest the Eastern Woodland tribes.

  • Kwakiutl, Nootka, Haida

  • Abundant environment - sea and forest

  • Whale hunters

  • Wealth leads to social classes

  • Potlatch - giving away ceremony to show wealth


The Northwest Coast region had many forests. The Native Americans in this region used wood from the forests to carve tall totem poles.

The carvings on each totem pole told about a family’s history.


Indians from the Northwest Coast hunted sea animals in the Pacific Ocean.

There were many salmon in the rivers for them to eat.They also hunted animals in nearby forests.


North west indians
North West Indians Pacific Ocean.

  • Plank Houses: Flat planks of cedar wood


Inuits (Eskimo): Pacific Ocean.

Lived in Tundra


Winter Seal Hunting Pacific Ocean.


Inuit Fur Clothing Pacific Ocean.

Travel


Inuit Diet Pacific Ocean.

Primary Foods:Seal

Caribou

Whale

Walrus

Fish

Birds

All are high in protein and fat


Artic homes
Artic Homes Pacific Ocean.

  • Igloos: Blocks made of ice


California
California Pacific Ocean.

  • Encompasses the western states.

  • The Pomo, an Indian tribe, crafted beautiful baskets of all different sizes and for all different occasions.

  • Lived in communities numbering up to 2,000

  • More than 100 languages flourished in California before European contact; most are gone today.


Great basin
Great Basin Pacific Ocean.

  • From the Rockies to the Sierra Nevada mountain ranges. Largely consisting of desert.

  • Water & food was hard to come by, too dry for farming- few animals to hunt. Gathered nuts and seeds.

  • Tribes had to stay on the move, most natives had a routine route they traveled every year. Because they were always moving their dwellings were mostly temporary.

  • California and Intermountain regions used shells as currency.


Plateau
Plateau Pacific Ocean.

  • Eastern Oregon and Washington, southern Alberta and British Columbia, northern Idaho and western Montana.

  • Hot summers and long cold winters.

  • Pattern of life similar to Great Basin peoples but was enhanced by annual runs of salmon up the Columbia River.

  • People lived in villages made of partly sunken circular dwellings in the cold months and camped in grass mat houses in the warm months


Work cited
Work Cited Pacific Ocean.

  • http://www.native-languages.org/houses.htm

  • http://www.davemcgary.com/images/dave-mcary-expressions-in-bronze/north-american-tribal-map.jpg


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