Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis
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PLANNING & PRODUCTION CONTROL (BMFP 4513) MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM (MIS). Muhammad Faiz Bin Mohamad Fuad B050810176 Mohd Farid Bin Saiman B050810272 Muhammad Azamuddin Bin Abdul Aziz B050810177 Ahmad Fikri Bin Omar B050910094. Learning Outcomes.

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PLANNING & PRODUCTION CONTROL (BMFP 4513) MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM (MIS)

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Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

PLANNING & PRODUCTION CONTROL (BMFP 4513)MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM (MIS)

Muhammad Faiz Bin Mohamad Fuad B050810176

MohdFarid Bin Saiman B050810272

Muhammad Azamuddin Bin Abdul Aziz B050810177

Ahmad Fikri Bin Omar B050910094


Learning outcomes

Learning Outcomes

General System & Design Selection System

General Implementation Approaches

BAAN IV

SAP


General system design selection system

General System & Design Selection System


Information system

Major Types of Information System

Information System

Executive Support System (ESS)

Decision Support System (DSS)

Management Information System (MIS)

Knowledge Work Systems (KWS)

Office Automation System (OAS)

Transaction Processing System (TPS)


What is mis

What is MIS…???

  • Management Information System

    • Provides managers with information and support for effective decision making, and provides feedback on daily operations

    • Outputor reports, are usually generated through accumulation of transaction processing data

    • Each MIS is an integrated collection of subsystems, which are typically organized by the organization


Functions of mis

Functions of MIS

  • Provides reports with fixed and standard formats

    • Hardcopy and softcopy report

  • Use transaction processing system to store in the computer system

  • End users can develop custom report

  • Requires formal request from users immediately


General system of mis

General System of MIS

Additional

Stores

CEO Information

Strategy

Bank

Tactics

Warehouse

Inventory

Management

Supplier

Operations

EDI

Sales Reports

POS

Cash

Registers

Customers

Central Computer

Process Control


Design selection system of mis

Design Selection System of MIS

A collection of components that work together to realize some objective forms a system

Three Major Components:


Design selection system of mis1

Message

Design

Proposals

Supplier

Contact

Database

Design Selection System of MIS

Client HQ

Consulting HQ

3

Cost

Analysis

Changes &

Suggestions

Finance & Management Team

Cost Analysis

Costs & Budgets

Cost targets

& comments

Message

Changes &

Costs

Design

Proposals

2

Supplier

Contact

Database

Design Team

Design Plans

Changes

Changes

& Corrections

4

Problems &

Suggestions

Message

Design Project

Origination

1


Flow of mis

Flow of MIS

Internaldatabase

Externaldatabase

Decisionsupportsystems

Valid

database

Application

database

Businesstransactions

Processingsystem

(EDI)

MIS

Executivesupportsystems

Expert

supportsystems

Operationaldatabase

Invalid

database

Output

Production

controller

Recheck

Workers


Output of mis

Output of MIS

  • Scheduled report

    • Produced periodically or on schedule (daily, weekly, monthly)

  • Key-indicator report

    • Summarizes the previous day’s critical activities

    • Typically available at the beginning of each day

  • Demand report

    • Gives certain information at a manager’s request

  • Exception report

    • Automatically produced when a situation is unusual or requires management action


Advantages of mis

Advantages of MIS

  • Provide support to managers

  • Enable managers to compare results immediately

  • Enable managers to identify problem areas and opportunities for improvement

  • Easy to access data

  • Universal accomplish

  • Security and trust management system


General implementation approaches

General Implementation Approaches

Functional Aspects

  • MIS is an integrated collection of functional information systems, each supporting particular functional areas

    Financial MIS

  • Provides financial information to all financial managers within an organization.


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

Financial MIS

  • Provides financial information to all financial managers within an organization.

  • Is an information system that tracks financial events and summarizes financial information.

  • Use of information and communications technology in financial operations to support management and budget decision, fiduciary responsibilities, and the preparation of financial reports and statements.


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

Internet

An Organization’sMIS

FinancialMIS

Businesstransactions

Databasesofvalidtransactions

Drill down reports

AccountingMIS

Transactionprocessingsystems

Exception reports

Demand reports

Key-indicator reports

MarketingMIS

Scheduled reports

Businesstransactions

Databasesofexternaldata

HumanResourcesMIS

Etc.

Extranet

Etc.


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

Input to the Financial Information System

  • Strategic plan or corporate policies

    • Contains major financial objectives and often projects financial needs.

  • Transaction processing system (TPS)

    • Important financial information collected from almost every TPS - payroll, inventory control, order processing, accounts payable, accounts receivable, general ledger.

    • External sources

    • Annual reports and financial statements of competitors and general news items.


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

Financial MIS Subsystems and Output

  • Financial subsystems

    • Profit/loss and cost systems

    • Auditing

    • Internal auditing

    • External auditing

    • Uses and management of funds


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

Databases ofinternal data

Databases ofexternal data

ManufacturingDSS

Businesstransactions

Databasesof validtransactionsfor eachTPS

Manufacturingapplicationsdatabases

Transactionprocessingsystems

ManufacturingMIS

Businesstransactions

Operational

databases

Quality control reports

ManufacturingES

Process control reports

Internet orExtranet

JIT reports

MRP reports

Production schedule

CAD output

Businesstransactions

Customers,Suppliers


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

Input to the Manufacturing MIS

  • Strategic plan or corporate policies.

  • The TPS:

    • Order processing

    • Inventory data

    • Receiving and inspecting data

    • Personnel data

    • Production process

  • External sources


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

Databases ofinternal data

Databases ofexternal data

ManufacturingDSS

Databasesof validtransactionsfor eachTPS

Marketingapplicationsdatabases

Transactionprocessingsystems

MarketingMIS

Businesstransactions

Sales by customer

Operational

databases

ManufacturingES

Sales by salesperson

Sales by product

Pricing report

Total service calls

Customer satisfaction


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

Manufacturing MIS Subsystems and Output

  • Design and engineering

  • Master production scheduling

  • Inventory control

  • Manufacturing resource planning

  • Just-in-time inventory and manufacturing

  • Process control

  • Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM)

  • Quality control and testing


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

Marketing MIS

  • Supports managerial activities in product development, distribution, pricing decisions, and promotional effectiveness

    Input to Marketing MIS

  • Strategic plan and corporate policies

  • The TPS

  • External sources:

    • The competition

    • The market


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

Marketing MIS Subsystems and Output

  • Marketing research

  • Product development

  • Promotion and advertising

  • Product pricing


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

Databases ofinternal data

Databases ofexternal data

ManufacturingDSS

Databasesof validtransactionsfor eachTPS

Humanresourceapplicationsdatabases

Transactionprocessingsystems

HumanResourceMIS

Businesstransactions

Benefit reports

Operational

databases

ManufacturingES

Salary surveys

Scheduling reports

Training test scores

Job applicant profiles

Needs and planningreports


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

Human Resource MIS

  • Concerned with all of the activities related to employees and potential employees of the organization

    Input to the Human Resource MIS

  • Strategic plan or corporate policies

  • The TPS:

    • Payroll data

    • Order processing data

    • Personnel data

  • External sources


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

Human Resource MIS Subsystems and Output

  • Human resource planning

  • Personnel selection and recruiting

  • Training and skills inventory

  • Scheduling and job placement

  • Wage and salary administration


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

Other MISs

  • Accounting MISs

    • Provides aggregated information on accounts payable, accounts receivable, payroll, and other applications.

  • Geographic information systems (GISs)

    • Enables managers to pair pre-drawn maps or map outlines with tabular data to describe aspects of a particular geographic region.


Baan iv

BAAN IV


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

BAAN

  • Baan is Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software, originally developed by Jan Baan in the Netherlands in the late 1970s.

  • The software attempts to integrate business processes including manufacturing, accounting, human resources and customer relationship management.


Continued

Continued…


Continued1

Continued…


Continued2

Continued…


Continued3

Continued…


Advantages

Advantages

  • Offers automation for manufacturing units such as MRP, manufacturing execution, advanced planning and scheduling, customer relationship management, quality control and testing, and warehouse management.

  • Integrates with Microsoft’s tools easily to allow appropriate compatibility.

  • Clients find it easy to have customization in their enterprise resource planning modules.

  • Best option for the complex operation.

  • It comes with additional support for business processes in production companies.

  • Easy to implement and work.


Disadvantages

Disadvantages

  • Security wise is not strong and its strengths mainly depend on its compatibility with other platform.

  • Many claims it is working because of low total cost of operation and it specializes only in limited areas of ERPs.


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

SAP


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

System, Application and Product (SAP)

  • SAP started in 1972 by former IBM employees in Mannheim, Germany.

  • World’s largest inter-enterprise software company and the world’s fourth-largest independent software supplier.

  • SAP ERP product:

    • SAP Business Warehouse – storage system

    • SAP BusinessObjects software - network

    • Sybase mobile products – mobile computing technology

    • In-memory computing appliance SAP HANA – database

    • SAP Manufacturing

SAP is German software corporation that makes enterprise software to manage business operations and customer relations.


Sap history

SAP History

The 2000s : Innovation for the New Millennium

More than 12 million users each day, 121000 installations worldwide, more than 1500 SAP partners over 25 industry solution and more than 41200 customers in 120 countries.


Sap r 3 system architecture

SAP R/3 System Architecture

  • To this last point, the engineers at SAP wanted to abstract the database layer so that many different databases could be supported without having to go back and recode existing programs.

SAP AG's approach to using client/server by constructing a computing solution that could be divided into three discrete layers or tiers.

Among these issues were scalability, the need to easily upgrade business application logic and the desire for technical flexibility.


Sap r 3 modules

SAP R/3 Modules


Sap r 3 application modules

SAP R/3 Application Modules


Financial accounting and controlling module

Financial Accounting and Controlling Module

Financial Accounting : A wide performance which includes cash management, financial controlling and cash budget management.

Controlling : Closed cost accounting from cost center accounting and cost element accounting to profitability analysis.

Asset Management : The complete management of all fixed assets which is technical asset

Project System : The integrated cooperation of all service areas for the project planning, processing and control.


Logistic module

Logistic Module

Sales and Distribution : The solution for the integrated handling of all tasks for sales, shipping and billing.

Materials Management : The integrated, closed procurement process with system-supported integration of production planning.

Production Planning : The PPC system suitable for all types of production with system-supported integration.

Quality Management : The system for quality assurance in all areas of the logistics chain.

Plant Maintenance : The industry-neutral solution for the administration and repair of technical systems.


Human resource module

Human Resource Module

Human Resources Management : From the integrated processing of applicants, personnel administration and time management.

Human Resources Planning : Organization and position planning, personnel development with education and training administration.


Advantages1

Advantages

Efficiency

Generally, ERP software focuses on integration and efficiency can suffer by implementing ERP. The benefit of integration and cooperation can make up for the loss in personal efficiency.

Accuracy

Provides real-time information, reducing the possibility of redundancy errors. Actual individual transactional can be checked at any time in real-time posting.

Integration

The only real project aim for implementing ERP is reducing data redundancy and redundant data entry. Integrated with all the other operational areas of a company and ensures that the accounting data is always complete and accurate.


Disadvantages1

Disadvantages

Expensive

This entails software, hardware, implementation, consultants and training. Or you can hire a programmer or two as an employee and only buy business consulting from an outside source, do all customization and end-user training inside. That can be cost-effective.

Not flexible

It depends on SAP system software. Other software may not be flexible.

Not profitable.

Return on Investment may take too long to be profitable. SAP implementations have a risk of project failure.


Exercises

Exercises

What is MIS?

Give two other approches that usually use in MIS with their schematic diagram?

Besides BAAN IV and SAP, find the other ERP method that usually use in MIS with suitable schematic diagram?


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

SAP


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

System, Application and Product (SAP)

  • SAP started in 1972 by former IBM employees in Mannheim, Germany.

  • World’s largest inter-enterprise software company and the world’s fourth-largest independent software supplier.

  • SAP ERP product:

    • SAP Business Warehouse – storage system

    • SAP BusinessObjects software - network

    • Sybase mobile products – mobile computing technology

    • In-memory computing appliance SAP HANA – database

    • SAP Manufacturing

SAP is German software corporation that makes enterprise software to manage business operations and customer relations.


Sap history1

SAP History

The 2000s : Innovation for the New Millennium

More than 12 million users each day, 121000 installations worldwide, more than 1500 SAP partners over 25 industry solution and more than 41200 customers in 120 countries.


Sap r 3 system architecture1

SAP R/3 System Architecture

  • To this last point, the engineers at SAP wanted to abstract the database layer so that many different databases could be supported without having to go back and recode existing programs.

SAP AG's approach to using client/server by constructing a computing solution that could be divided into three discrete layers or tiers.

Among these issues were scalability, the need to easily upgrade business application logic and the desire for technical flexibility.


Sap r 3 modules1

SAP R/3 Modules


Sap r 3 application modules1

SAP R/3 Application Modules


Financial accounting and controlling module1

Financial Accounting and Controlling Module

Financial Accounting : A wide performance which includes cash management, financial controlling and cash budget management.

Controlling : Closed cost accounting from cost center accounting and cost element accounting to profitability analysis.

Asset Management : The complete management of all fixed assets which is technical asset

Project System : The integrated cooperation of all service areas for the project planning, processing and control.


Logistic module1

Logistic Module

Sales and Distribution : The solution for the integrated handling of all tasks for sales, shipping and billing.

Materials Management : The integrated, closed procurement process with system-supported integration of production planning.

Production Planning : The PPC system suitable for all types of production with system-supported integration.

Quality Management : The system for quality assurance in all areas of the logistics chain.

Plant Maintenance : The industry-neutral solution for the administration and repair of technical systems.


Human resource module1

Human Resource Module

Human Resources Management : From the integrated processing of applicants, personnel administration and time management.

Human Resources Planning : Organization and position planning, personnel development with education and training administration.


Advantages2

Advantages

Efficiency

Generally, ERP software focuses on integration and efficiency can suffer by implementing ERP. The benefit of integration and cooperation can make up for the loss in personal efficiency.

Accuracy

Provides real-time information, reducing the possibility of redundancy errors. Actual individual transactional can be checked at any time in real-time posting.

Integration

The only real project aim for implementing ERP is reducing data redundancy and redundant data entry. Integrated with all the other operational areas of a company and ensures that the accounting data is always complete and accurate.


Disadvantages2

Disadvantages

Expensive

This entails software, hardware, implementation, consultants and training. Or you can hire a programmer or two as an employee and only buy business consulting from an outside source, do all customization and end-user training inside. That can be cost-effective.

Not flexible

It depends on SAP system software. Other software may not be flexible.

Not profitable.

Return on Investment may take too long to be profitable. SAP implementations have a risk of project failure.


Exercises1

Exercises

What is MIS?

Give two other approches that usually use in MIS with their schematic diagram?

Besides BAAN IV and SAP, find the other ERP method that usually use in MIS with suitable schematic diagram?


Planning production control bmfp 4513 management information system mis

END…

Thank You… 

Q & A????


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