Industrialisation and the family What does Industrialisation mean?. Activity. What would happen if all families were banned by law tomorrow? What tasks currently carried out by your own family would someone else have to perform?. Talcott Parsons. Functionalist
Industrialisation and the family
What does Industrialisation mean?
What would happen if all families were banned by law tomorrow?
What tasks currently carried out by your own family would someone else have to perform?
Ann Oakley summary
Industrialisation had the following effects on the role of women:
AS A RESULT THE MOTHER-HOUSEWIFE ROLE BECAME THE PRIMARY FOR ALL WOMEN.
Do you think the position of women in society has really changed?
Research on families with both partners in full-time career jobs suggest that these professional wives are still expected to take major responsibility for dealing with childcare arrangements, sick children and housework. However this is the group that Willmott and Young argued would be most likely to display symmetry in marriage.
Criticisms of the view that modern marriages and cohabiting relationships are really more equal.The view that there is more equality in modern family relationships has been subject to very strong criticism, particularly by feminist writers, and there is not really much evidence that the family is now typically "symmetrical". The following summarizes several of these criticisms:1. Inequalities in the division of labour in the household- Surveys suggest that women still perform the majority of domestic tasks around the home, even when they have paid jobs themselves. This is true even among full-time working women, where one would expect to find the greatest degree of equality. 77% of all women took all or most of the responsibility for household food shopping. In 1997 the Office for National Statistics found that women spend twice as long as men on cooking, cleaning, shopping, washing and looking after the children. Housework is the second largest cause of domestic rows, after money. Crude indicators are often used to measure integrated roles, such as shared friends are often seen as evidence of "jointness", but shared friends may mean the male partner's friends, and involve the woman being cut off from her friends, resulting in more dependence on her male partner and greater inequality. Ann Oakley, a feminist sociologist, argues 72% of married men claim to "help their partners in the home in some way other than washing up at least once a week" but this could mean anything from a quick pass of the vacuum cleaner, to just ironing his own trousers.
2. The unequal distribution of power and authority in marriage and cohabitating relationships
3. The effects of housework and childcare on women's careersDomestic labour
4. The emotional side of family life and women's "triple shift" (Paid employment, Housework and childcare, and Emotional work).