Decision Making in Students Differing in Binge Drinking Patterns Anna E. Goudriaan, Emily R. Grekin, and Kenneth J. Sher University of Missouri-Columbia and the Midwest Alcoholism Research Center. . Correlations
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Decision Making in Students Differing in Binge Drinking Patterns
Anna E. Goudriaan, Emily R. Grekin, and Kenneth J. Sher
University of Missouri-Columbia and the Midwest Alcoholism Research Center
Although all four groups learned to choose the advantageous decks
(positive slope over 4 learning stages: see Figure on the right):
Decision Making Task:
Iowa Gambling Task – computerized (Bechara et al. 1999)
Subjects had to discover which decks were advantageous and learn to select cards accordingly.
Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS; Robins et al., 1998)
Axis-1 Diagnoses established based on this structured clinical interview
Impulsivity:Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS)
Zuckerman Impulsivity/Sensation Seeking Scale (ImpSS)
Negative Alcohol Consequences:
Composite of a 5-item inventory, e.g.: Drunk driving, not showing up at class or work, being drunk at school/work, continuing drinking despite physical/psychological problems that get worse with drinking.
Bechara, A., Damasio, H., Damasio, A. R., & Lee, G. P. (1999). Different contributions of the human amygdala and ventromedial prefrontal cortex to decision-making. Journal of Neuroscience, 19, 5473.
Parsons, O. A., & Nixon, S. J. (1998). Cognitive functioning in sober social drinkers: A review of the research since 1986. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 59(2), 180-190.
This research was supported by NIH grants R37 AA07231 and T32 AA13526 to Kenneth J. Sher and P50 AA11998 to Andrew C. Heath.