Decision Making in Students Differing in Binge Drinking Patterns Anna E. Goudriaan, Emily R. Grekin, and Kenneth J. Sher University of Missouri-Columbia and the Midwest Alcoholism Research Center. . Correlations
Decision Making in Students Differing in Binge Drinking Patterns
Anna E. Goudriaan, Emily R. Grekin, and Kenneth J. Sher
University of Missouri-Columbia and the Midwest Alcoholism Research Center
Although all four groups learned to choose the advantageous decks
(positive slope over 4 learning stages: see Figure on the right):
Decision Making Task:
Iowa Gambling Task – computerized (Bechara et al. 1999)
Subjects had to discover which decks were advantageous and learn to select cards accordingly.
Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS; Robins et al., 1998)
Axis-1 Diagnoses established based on this structured clinical interview
Impulsivity:Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS)
Zuckerman Impulsivity/Sensation Seeking Scale (ImpSS)
Negative Alcohol Consequences:
Composite of a 5-item inventory, e.g.: Drunk driving, not showing up at class or work, being drunk at school/work, continuing drinking despite physical/psychological problems that get worse with drinking.
Bechara, A., Damasio, H., Damasio, A. R., & Lee, G. P. (1999). Different contributions of the human amygdala and ventromedial prefrontal cortex to decision-making. Journal of Neuroscience, 19, 5473.
Parsons, O. A., & Nixon, S. J. (1998). Cognitive functioning in sober social drinkers: A review of the research since 1986. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 59(2), 180-190.
This research was supported by NIH grants R37 AA07231 and T32 AA13526 to Kenneth J. Sher and P50 AA11998 to Andrew C. Heath.