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The Industrial Revolution 1700-1900. Chapter 25. What was it?. A period of rapid growth in manufacturing & urbanization Began in England in mid-1700s Spread to Europe & America Allowed the West to dominate the world. Why England?.

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what was it
What was it?
  • A period of rapid growth in manufacturing & urbanization
  • Began in England in mid-1700s
  • Spread to Europe & America
  • Allowed the West to dominate the world
why england
Why England?
  • Agricultural Revolution (1700s) new tech. led to cheaper, abundant food, farms became larger, but less farmers needed.
  • Lots of workers
  • Natural resources (rivers, ports, coal)
  • Entrepreneurs (investors)
  • Political stability

These are the Factors of Production

new inventions spur industry
New Inventions Spur Industry

Textiles was 1st major industry

Spinning Jenny

Water Frame

steam power makes factories transportation more efficient and creates new industries
Steam Power makes factories & transportation more efficient and creates new industries

James Watt’s Steam Engine 1765

George Stephenson’s Rocket

effects of industrialization
Rapid Urban growth + slow Govt. regulation

Lack of sanitation

Poor housing

Class tensions

Dangerous work

Pollution & crime

Eventually life improved

Middle Class emerges

Workers form unions

Reform laws are eventually adopted

Education & standard of living improves

Nations become rich

Effects of Industrialization
industrialization spreads
Industrialization Spreads
  • 1792: Industrial secrets smuggled to the U.S.
  • 1799: Secrets reach Belgium & later Germany, France
  • Nations that failed to industrialize fell behind economically
worldwide impact of industrialization
Worldwide Impact of Industrialization
  • Gap between industrialized countries & non-industrialized widens
  • Led to the Age of Imperialism
  • Longer life-expectancy
  • Better education
  • More democratic participation
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