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The Industrial Revolution 1700-1900. Chapter 25. What was it?. A period of rapid growth in manufacturing & urbanization Began in England in mid-1700s Spread to Europe & America Allowed the West to dominate the world. Why England?.

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The industrial revolution 1700 1900

The Industrial Revolution1700-1900

Chapter 25


What was it
What was it?

  • A period of rapid growth in manufacturing & urbanization

  • Began in England in mid-1700s

  • Spread to Europe & America

  • Allowed the West to dominate the world


Why england
Why England?

  • Agricultural Revolution (1700s) new tech. led to cheaper, abundant food, farms became larger, but less farmers needed.

  • Lots of workers

  • Natural resources (rivers, ports, coal)

  • Entrepreneurs (investors)

  • Political stability

    These are the Factors of Production


New inventions spur industry
New Inventions Spur Industry

Textiles was 1st major industry

Spinning Jenny

Water Frame



Steam power makes factories transportation more efficient and creates new industries
Steam Power search for workmakes factories & transportation more efficient and creates new industries

James Watt’s Steam Engine 1765

George Stephenson’s Rocket


Effects of industrialization

Rapid Urban growth + slow Govt. regulation search for work

Lack of sanitation

Poor housing

Class tensions

Dangerous work

Pollution & crime

Eventually life improved

Middle Class emerges

Workers form unions

Reform laws are eventually adopted

Education & standard of living improves

Nations become rich

Effects of Industrialization



Industrialization spreads
Industrialization Spreads search for work

  • 1792: Industrial secrets smuggled to the U.S.

  • 1799: Secrets reach Belgium & later Germany, France

  • Nations that failed to industrialize fell behind economically


Worldwide impact of industrialization
Worldwide Impact of Industrialization search for work

  • Gap between industrialized countries & non-industrialized widens

  • Led to the Age of Imperialism

  • Longer life-expectancy

  • Better education

  • More democratic participation


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