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CLEAN CITIES. Mark S. Smith Vehicle Technology Deployment Mgr. Green Fleet Conference October 19, 2010. Clean Cities – No Longer the Best Kept Secret!. U.S. Department of Energy [email protected] Clean Cities A voluntary, locally-based government/industry partnership.

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Clean cities l.jpg


Mark S. Smith

Vehicle Technology Deployment Mgr

Green Fleet Conference

October 19, 2010

Clean Cities –

No Longer the Best Kept Secret!

U.S. Department of Energy

[email protected]

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Clean Cities A voluntary, locally-based government/industry partnership

Established in 1993 in response to the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992

Companion program to the EPACT mandates requiring certain fleets to acquire AFVs (Federal, State, and Fuel Provider Fleets)

Deployment of alternative fuels and advanced vehicle technologies

Funded and managed by DOE-HQ in Washington, DC. DOE Regional Project Management Centers located in Pittsburgh, PA; Morgantown, VA, and Golden, CO guide coalitions and manage projects.

Primary Focus – Petroleum Reduction

Mission:To advance the energy, economic, and environmental security of the U.S. by supporting local decisions to adopt practices that contribute to the reduction of petroleum use in the transportation sector.

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Petroleum Displacement Methods

Replace petroleum with alternative fuels and low-level blends.

Reduce by promoting energy efficiency in vehicles through advanced technologies and more fuel efficient vehicles.

Eliminate by promoting idle reduction, greater use of mass transit, trip elimination, and other congestion mitigation approaches.




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Clean Cities Portfolio of Technologies




  • Alternative Fuels

  • Biodiesel (B100)

  • Electricity

  • Ethanol

  • Hydrogen

  • Propane

  • Natural Gas


Light- and heavy-duty

Hydraulic hybrids

Electric hybrids

Plug-In hybrids

Fuel Economy

More Fuel efficient vehicles, adopting smarter driving and vehicle purchasing habits

Idle Reduction

Heavy-Duty Trucks

School & Transit Buses

Light-Duty Vehicles

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Clean Cities’ Focus Areas

Consumer Information, Outreach, and Education:

Fuel Economy Guide, Alternative Fuel Data Center (AFDC), other web based consumer tools, targeted workforce and end-user education

Local Community & Coalition Support:

Direct support for CC activities, public events, training for CC coalitions & key community decision makers, and deployment project coordination

Partnership Development:

Targeted Industry, End-user, University, and Stakeholder Partnerships

Technical & Problem Solving Assistance:

Addressing Market Barriers, Safety Issues, Technology shortfalls

Financial Assistance:

Funding to Facilitate Infrastructure Development and Vehicle Deployment

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Clean Cities Today

87 active coalitions in 45 states

Coalitions serve 78% of the population

632,000 AFVs using alternative fuels

5,600 AFV stations

6,500+ stakeholders

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Clean Cities Gets Results !

  • Displaced 2.4 Billion Gallons of Petroleum

  • > 2.4 billion GGE displaced by coalitions since 1993

  • 15 million GGE in 1994, 375 million GGE last year (28% annual growth)

  • 580,000 new AFVs on the road

  • Over 6000 alternative fueling stations (CC helped build >70% of them)


NREL stock photo

Bottom line: > 2 billion GGE displaced, best yet to come

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Clean Cities Gets Results !

  • Major Increase in Alternative Fuel Transit Buses

  • 6% alternative fueled in 1997

  • 20% in 2007

  • Coalitions responsible for > half

  • Helping to Green National Parks

  • Air-quality improvements

  • Visitor education/inspiration

  • Wildlife preservation

  • Effective industry partnerships


Bottom line: Penetrated key alternative fuel niche markets

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Clean Cities Gets Results !

  • Turning Garbage into Gas

  • Deployed biomethane technology from DOE R&D

  • Successful refuse truck tests

  • Potential 300 landfills each producing 20,000 gal/day LNG

  • Created Alternative Fuel Corridors

  • $35 million for infrastructure since 1998

  • Biofuels I-65, OR, NY, PA, MD, VA, DC

  • Other fuels, e.g., natural gas in CA, UT, NY

NREL stock photo


Bottom line: Generated alternative fuels and made them accessible

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Clean Cities Gets Results !

  • Partnered with National Media

  • Collaboration with PBS-TV

  • > 50 segments on alt fuels, advanced vehicles, fuel economy

  • uses segments

  • Enhanced CC legitimacy among automotive journalists

  • Leveraged Funding 25:1

  • $43 million from Clean Cities

  • Matched by $214 million

  • Resultant partnerships brought in additional $845 million


Bottom line: Raised visibility of advanced transportation and energized funding

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Budget History(not including $300M funding from ARRA)

Clean Cities Budget

$ Millions


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Clean Cities Recovery Act Awards Geographical Distribution

Puget Sound

Clean Air Agency



Clean Energy Coalition





New York

Greater New Haven

Clean Cities



State of Wisconsin



Kum & Go, LC



The Treasure Valley Clean Cities



State of Indiana



Greater Long Island Clean Cities


New York

City of Chicago






Clean Fuels Ohio



Metropolitan Energy

Information Center



Utah Clean Cities



NJ Clean Cities


New Jersey

Kentucky Dept.

of Education






Maryland Energy Administration



North Central Texas Council of Governments



Triangle J Council

of Governments


North Carolina




Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals, and Energy



Railroad Commission

of Texas



Texas State

Technical College



San Bernardino Associated Governments



Center For Clean Transportation




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Clean Cities Awards will fund …

  • Over 500 Alternative Fuel Stations (Infrastructure)

  • 9000 Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles will be deployed

  • ~ 40 Million gallons/yr of Petroleum Reduction

  • Hundreds of workshops, educational events, workforce training and public outreach efforts

  • Local Community & Economic Development, Jobs

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HDV & Infrastructure Awards

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Sample of Recovery Act Awards

North Central Texas: Dallas: B20, E85, CNG, HEV and EV; fleets include Coca-Cola, Sysco, Frito Lay, school districts, and taxis.

South Coast Air Quality Management District’s (SCAQMD) UPS Ontario-Las Vegas: 700-mile LNG fueling corridor along one of the nation’s most heavily traveled routes; 48 new LNG HDVs, supports 161 UPS LNG HDVs

(SCAQMD) Natural Gas Drayage Truck Initiative: Replace 180 diesel drayage trucks at the Ports of Los Angeles and LongBeach with LNG trucks

Maryland Hybrid Truck Goods Movement Initiative: Largest collaborative HEV truck (150) project in the U.S.; fleets include ARAMARK, Efficiency Enterprises, Nestle Water Company, Sysco, and UPS

Clean Energy Coalition’s Michigan Green Fleets Initiative: 271 AFVs and 19 stations (CNG and electric)

New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA)’s Statewide AFV and Infrastructure Program: 307 AFV/HEV school buses, and municipal, utility, and urban delivery vehicles and 82 stations

Clean Fuels Ohio’s Advanced Transportation Partnership: 283 AFVs for taxi, city, school, and delivery fleets; 15 stations

Utah Clean Cities Coalition’s Petroleum Reduction Program: 16 new and 24 upgraded public CNG stations, 678 CNG vehicles; 2 biodiesel stations

Texas Railroad Commission’s LPG Pilot Program: 882 LPG vehicles, including 245 school buses, 24 medium-duty trucks and 613 LDVs for 40 school districts and public agencies; 35 stations

New Jersey Clean Cities Coalition’s CNG Project: 277 refuse trucks and shuttle buses and 4 new CNG stations

For additional information on Clean Cities Recovery Act Awards go to

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Clean Cities Coordinators

Find your local Clean Cities Coordinator at

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Financial Opportunities

All Federal agencies --- (

Current Clean Cities Projects:


Clean Cities Tracker for all $ources:


DOE Broad Based Vehicle Technology Opportunities:


Incentives and Laws search engine:


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Websites and Tools

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC)

Access all of the tools and information at

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Under Construction

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Clean Cities University

Courses of Interest

Heavy-Duty Idle Reduction

GREET Fleet Footprint Calculator

My MPG Tool

Alternative Fueling Station Locator

TransAtlas Tool

Petroleum Reduction Planning Tool

Develop your expertise on Clean Cities tools, alternative fuels, and advanced vehicle technologies

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Alternative Fuel Price Report **

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - October 2009

Now includes prices for pubic and private stations.

** Recently customized to include additional information

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Alternative Fuels Assistance

DOE EERE Information Center and Technical Response Service

  • Website:

  • Phone: 1-800-EERE-INF (1-877-337-3463)

  • E-mail: [email protected]

  • Hours: 9:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m. EST

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National Fleet Outreach

  • The need to strategically engage national fleets to support their use of alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles to help achieve the 2020 Clean Cities petroleum reduction goal of 2.5 billion gallons

  • To opportunity to develop a National Partnership that supports the Clean Cites petroleum displacement objective and provide value to the partner fleets, stakeholders, coalitions and DOE


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National Petroleum Reduction Partnership

The National Petroleum Reduction Partnership, a broad-based national initiative, assists fleets in exploring and adopting alternative fuels and advanced vehicle technologies through technical support, effective advocacy and funding incentives. NPRP participants receive solid expertise, insightful case studies and promotional collateral to justify and accelerate their petroleum reduction strategies.


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National Fleet Partner Goals/Objectives

  • Coordination with all 87 coalitions via a single point of entry

  • Unbiased, accurate technical and market resources

  • Individualized fleet assessments

  • Access to new and existing Clean Cites tools

  • Recognition at national and local level

  • Potential for group purchasing, aggregate vehicle acquisition

  • Potential for collaboration with DOE and the national labs on R&D efforts


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National Petroleum Reduction Partner

Pledge to reduce petroleum usage on an annual basis

  • Must have fleet operations in multiple states

  • Must own or have control, via a contractual relationship over 50% of their fleet

  • They do not have to currently being using alternative fuels or advanced vehicle technologies but must have the ability to do so.

  • Actively participate in a minimum of one coalition based on corporate/field location or other strategic location


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Product Partners

These Partners provide products and services that support the Clean Cities portfolio of alternative fuels and advanced technologies. They include:

  • OEM’s and Dealers

  • Fuel Providers

  • Infrastructure Providers

  • Conversion Companies


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Association Partner

These partners represent industry trade groups and alliances who focus on fleet operations/management and the deployment of alternative fuels, vehicles and advanced technologies. They include:

  • NAFA

  • PERC

  • EDTA

  • NBB

  • NGVA

  • NTEA


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Next Steps

  • Complete Membership Packet

  • Finalize Fleet Partnership Agreement

  • Recruit “Charter Partners”

  • Product and Association Partnership

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Contact Information & Important Links

  • Mark S. Smith

  • Vehicle Technologies Deployment Manager

    • U.S. Department of Energy (EE-2G)

    • 1000 Independence Avenue, SW

    • Washington, D.C. 20585

    • Office: (202) 287-5151

    • Fax: (202) 586-3000

    • E-mail: [email protected]

  • Clean Cities

  • Clean Cities

  • Fuel Economy Guide and Website:

  • Alternative Fuels & Advanced Vehicles Data Center:

    • DOE National Idling Reduction Network :