World war ii 1939 1945
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World War II 1939-1945. Objectives… Define Fascism Describe how the fascist governments rose to power in Italy & Germany. Fascism A system of government characterized by a dictator , nationalism and militarism . Fasces

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World War II 1939-1945

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World war ii 1939 1945

World War II1939-1945


World war ii 1939 1945

Objectives…

  • Define Fascism

  • Describe how the fascist governments rose to power in Italy & Germany.


Fascism a system of government characterized by a dictator nationalism and militarism

FascismA system of government characterized by a dictator, nationalism and militarism.

Fasces

A Latin word referring to a bundle of sticks bound to the handle of an axe.


Characteristics of fascism

Characteristics of Fascism …

  • Fascist leaders look back in history to their past greatness…

  • Censorship- No government criticism of

  • Schools teach fascism

  • The individual exists to serve the state

  • Conflict…“War is the most noble goal of man”- Hitler


The characteristics of fascism

The characteristics of Fascism…

  • Look back in history to their past greatness

  • No criticism of the government Censorship

  • Schools teach fascism

  • The individual exists to serve the state

  • Conflict…“War is the most noble goal of man”- Hitler


4 benito mussolini

4) Benito Mussolini

Mussolini’s rise to power…

  • Uses violence & murder

  • Appeals to people fearing Communism…“rabidly nationalistic”

  • Becomes “Il Duce”…

  • Promises Italian greatness

  • Suspends elections

  • Builds a modern military


Italy benito mussolini il duce

Italy - Benito Mussolini- “Il Duce”

Mussolini Quotes…

“All within the state, nothing outside the state, nothing against the state.” “Democracy is beautiful in theory; in practice it is a fallacy.”“Fascism is a religion. The twentieth century will be known in history as the century of Fascism. ”


Hitler s background

Hitler’s background…

  • Austrian born

  • High school drop out

  • Frustrated by failure as a young adult.

  • WWI corporal

  • Organizes the National Socialists Workers Party (1919)…

  • 1923 jailed for attempted overthrow of the German government


Mein kampf or my struggle

Mein Kampfor “My Struggle”

Describes…

  • The “Master”/“Aryan Race” theory…

  • The Final Solution…

  • 6b) Lebensraum…

    Denounces…

  • Democracy & communism

  • Religion (Christianity & Judaism)

  • The Treaty of Versailles


Hitler s rise to power

Hitler’s rise to power…

  • German government is weak…

  • Economic problems…

  • The Nazi Party is formed

  • Fear of Communists…

  • Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany…

  • The Reichstag burns…

  • Hitler declares himself “Fuhrer”…

The Reichstag FireJan. 30, 1933


World war ii 1939 1945

The Third Reich

The term “Third Reich” is used to describe Hitler’s Nazi regime in Germany from 1933 to 1945.

“How fortunate for leaders that men do not think.”

- A. Hitler


Hitler strengthens his power

Hitler strengthens his power…

  • “Scape-goating”…

  • Censorship

  • Assassination of his enemies

  • Political meetings

  • Propaganda

  • Book burning


The nuremberg rally s http www youtube com watch v ilxvkgmjk2e

The Nuremberg Rally(s)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ilXVkgmJk2E


German propaganda posters what messages are being conveyed

German PropagandaPosters What messages are being conveyed?


Germany adolf hitler der fuhrer the most destructive leader in modern history

Germany - Adolf Hitler - Der FuhrerThe most destructive leader in modern history.

Hitler Quotes…

“War is the most noble goal of man”“All propaganda has to be popular and has to accommodate itself to the comprehension of the least intelligent of those whom it seeks to reach.”“Any alliance whose purpose is not the intention to wage war is senseless and useless.” “Anyone who sees and paints a sky green and fields blue ought to be sterilized.”


World war ii 1939 1945

7) Describe the policies & events exposing Hitler’s Germany as a racially & religiously intolerant regime.

  • 1933: Concentration camps

  • 1935: The Nuremberg Laws…

  • 1938: Kristallnacht– “The Night of Broken Glass”…


The nuremberg laws nazi racial legislation

The Nuremberg LawsNazi Racial Legislation

  • Laws designed to…

    - Purify Germany

    - Define citizenship

    - Define the position of

    Jews in the Third Reich.


1938 kristallnacht night of broken glass

1938: Kristallnacht - "Night of Broken Glass"

  • Triggering event…Jewish teenager murders a German official in Paris

  • 1,000 Synagogues burned, businesses, cemeteries, hospitals, schools & homes looted & destroyed… 30,000 arrested


World war ii 1939 1945

Objective…

Identify and explain the events that force America to move away from isolationism & into WW II.


World war ii 1939 1945

1) Roosevelt’s primary concern during the 1930s?…

2) What were the worldwide economic & political ramifications of the Great Depression?…


Think what have you previously learned that supports us commitment to this policy

Think…What have you previously learned that supports US commitment to this policy?

What type of foreign policy did the US adopt after WW I?

  • Rejection of The Treaty of Versailles

  • The Kellogg-Briand Pact

  • Washington Naval Conference


World war ii 1939 1945

Why did Americans favor isolationism prior to the start of WW II?...

8) How did each of the following influence the isolationist thinking prior to the outbreak of the war?

  • All Quiet on the Western Front

  • Nye Committee

  • College students

  • Norman Thomas

  • America First


Examples of isolationism prior to ww ii

Examples of Isolationism prior to WW II…

  • Rejected the Treaty of Versailles…

  • The Washington Conference (1921-22)…

  • Kellog-Briand Pact (1928)…


World war ii 1939 1945

  • The message?

  • Can you identify the year this cartoon was published?


Pre world war ii aggression

Pre- World War II Aggression


1931 32 japan invades manchuria shanghai

1931-32Japan invades Manchuria & Shanghai

American Response:

Diplomatic protest

No Action

1935Italy invades Ethiopia

American Response:

The Neutrality Acts are passed


The neutrality acts

The Neutrality Acts

  • Designed to keep the US out of war…

    • 1935: Banned war supplies

    • 1935: Forbid travel

    • 1936: Prohibited loans

    • 1937: Included the Spanish CW

    • 1939: “cash-and-carry”…

    • Replaced by “lend-lease” …


1936 germany rearms sends troops into the rhineland

1936Germany rearms & sends troops into the Rhineland

American Response:

No action


1936 the rome berlin axis

1936 The Rome-Berlin Axis…

Supporting “parallel interests”


1937 japan begins full scale invasion of china ww ii officially starts in asia

1937Japan begins full scale invasion of China* WW II officially starts in Asia

American Response:

Diplomatic protest


World war ii 1939 1945

The Anschluss…

1938

Germany & Austria unite – 6M Austrians are under German control


1938 the anschluss

1938:The Anschluss

Poster issued after the Anschluss… The caption: "One People, One Reich, One Führer."


World war ii 1939 1945

- Hitler charges that Czechs are “abusing Germans

1938: Hitler invades the Sudetenland.


World war ii 1939 1945

1938:The Munich Pact or Appeasement Policy…

Hitler meets with French & British Prime Ministers… Agrees not to take more territory

British Prime MinisterNeville Chamberlainannounces “Peace in our time”


The appeasement policy

The Appeasement Policy

Symbolism?... Meaning?... Message?


1938 american response

1938American Response

FDR requests peaceful settlement

U.S. funds a two ocean navy

Signing the Two Ocean Navy

Expansion Act


World war ii 1939 1945

1939

-Germany invades Czechoslovakia & the Non Aggression Pact is signed…

Agreement between Germany & Russia that they will not attack each other & will divide Poland between them.


1940 the tripartite pact

1940 The Tripartite Pact

Rome – Berlin –Tokyo Axis

Japanese & Italian emissaries with Hitler.


1939 germany invades poland

1939: Germany Invades Poland

Luftwaffe…. German air force …Very modern & powerful


World war ii 1939 1945

1940

Germany invades Denmark, Norway, Holland, Belgium & France

  • WW II officially starts in Europe…

    - 11a) Blitzkrieg…

    - The Battle for Britain…


World war ii 1939 1945

“LIGHTNING WAR”

The name implies the rapid deployment of air power, mechanized cavalry and troops. – VERY FAST, VERY POWERFUL

1939 Blitzkrieg…


World war ii 1939 1945

3) The aggressive actions taken by Japan in the 1930s that threaten stability in Asia…

5) The diplomatic policies & aggressive actions taken by Germany that threaten stability in Europe…


1939 american response

1939 American Response:

The Neutrality Acts are amended to “cash & carry”


1940 american response

1940 American Response:

11a) Selective Service Act…

Destroyers for Bases Deal…

11c)Lend-Lease Plan…


World war ii 1939 1945

1941

The invasion of the USSR

(or Operation Barbarosa)…


1942 map of the axis powers

1942 Map of the Axis Powers


Freedom from fear

FDR: The Four Freedoms Speech…

Freedom From Fear

Freedom of

Worship

Freedom of

Speech

Freedom From

Want


1941 world event the atlantic charter

1941World Event: The Atlantic Charter…

13) The “common principles” that President Roosevelt &Prime Minister Churchill agreed to in the Atlantic Charter…

  • Free trade among all nations

  • No territorial seizures after the war

  • Self determination

  • Disarmament

  • The four freedoms… Freedom from fear & want, freedom of speech & worship

  • Most of the above are related to what previous topic?


Objective

Objective…

Describe the U.S. response to the attack on Pearl Harbor.


Pearl harbor

Pearl Harbor

14) Identify the diplomatic & military events in 1940- 41 that foreshadow war between Japan & the US…


1941 world event dec 7 1941 pearl harbor is attacked

1941World Event:Dec. 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor is attacked

American Response:

Congress declares war Dec. 8, 1941


World war ii 1939 1945

Sunday morning,

Dec. 7, 1941


Pearl harbor1

Pearl Harbor

15) Japan’s overall objective for Asia?

16) Japan’s military objective for the attack on Pearl Harbor?


Pearl harbor2

Pearl Harbor

From You Tube…

Pearl Harbor Day Attack

Documentary video clip: 8:45

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nt13c3olXkU

Documentary video clip: 1:50

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VnlLRmy3BI0&feature=related


Pearl harbor ford island

Pearl Harbor – Ford Island


The pearl harbor attack

The Pearl Harbor attack…

  • The largest surprise attack in history

  • 353 planes… Launched from 274 miles away

  • Two waves:

    1st : 7:53 AM -183 planes

    2nd: 8:40 AM -170 planes


Pearl harbor the damages

Pearl HarborThe damages…

  • 2,400 dead

  • 1,200 wounded

  • 8 battleships

  • 3 destroyers

  • 3 cruisers

  • 188 planes


World war ii 1939 1945

“I fear that all we have done is awaken a sleeping giant, and fill him witha terrible resolve."

- General Yamato of the Imperial Japanese Army


Japanese photo of the pearl harbor attack

Japanese photo of the Pearl Harbor attack…


Uss shaw

USS SHAW


Battleships uss west virginia uss tennessee

Battleships USS WEST VIRGINIA & USS TENNESSEE


Uss arizona

USS ARIZONA

“I could see the men on Arizona walking on deck and burning alive. They had their helmets on. Their clothes were all seared off. They were a ghostly crew as they walked out of those flames. And then they just dropped dead”


Uss west virginia left uss arizona right

USS WEST VIRGINIA (left) & USS ARIZONA (right)


Uss california

USS CALIFORNIA


Uss california1

USS CALIFORNIA


Battleship uss oklahoma

Battleship USS OKLAHOMA


Destroyers uss cassin uss downes

Destroyers USS CASSIN & USS DOWNES


Uss nevada beached

USS NEVADA beached


P 40 wheeler army air field

P-40 - WHEELER ARMY AIR FIELD


Wheeler army air field

WHEELER ARMY AIR FIELD


Hickam army airfield

Hickam Army Airfield


Arial photo uss arizona memorial

Arial photo USS Arizona Memorial


Pearl harbor3

Pearl Harbor

From You Tube…

Pearl Harbor Day Attack

Documentary video clip: 8:45

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nt13c3olXkU


Fdr requests a declaration of war

FDR requests a declaration of war…

"Yesterday, Dec. 7, 1941 - a date which will live in infamy - the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan." - Franklin Roosevelt, Dec. 8, 1941


A global war dec 11 1941

A Global War - Dec. 11, 1941

  • Germany & Italy declare war on the U.S.

  • Hitler declares war against the “half Judaized and the other half Negrified” America

  • The U.S. acknowledges a state of war

"...Every single man, woman, and child is partnerin the most tremendous undertaking of our history."- FDR


Map of the axis powers 1942

Map of the Axis Powers 1942


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