Reported speech
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REPORTED SPEECH. Reported Speech. Reported speech : K alimat tidak langsung yang digunakan untuk melaporkan kembali ucapan-ucapan yang diucapkan oleh si pembicara dalam waktu yang berbeda . Reported speech disebut juga indirect speech . Example

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REPORTED SPEECH

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Reported speech

REPORTED SPEECH

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM


Reported speech1

Reported Speech

  • Reported speech :

  • Kalimattidaklangsung yang digunakanuntukmelaporkankembaliucapan-ucapan yang diucapkanolehsipembicaradalamwaktu yang berbeda.

  • Reported speechdisebutjugaindirect speech.

  • Example

  • He said, “I will go to Surabaya tomorrow.”

  • He said that he would go to Surabaya the following day.

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM


Reported speech

  • In indirect speech, we use conjunction that, yang berarti “bahwa”.

  • If the main clause-is simple present, present perfect, or simple future, there is no change indirect speech

  • Contoh :

  • “I am very sorry.”

  • He will tell you that he is very sorry.

  • He says to you that he is very sorry.

  • He has told you that he is very sorry.

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM


Change of tenses

Change of Tenses

  • Jikaindukkalimatlangsung (direct speech) dalambentukpast tense, makakalimattaklangsung (indirect speech) mengalamiperubahantensessebagaiberikut:

  • DIRECTINDIRECT

  • Simple present tensesimple past tense

  • Present continuous tensepast continuous tense

  • Present perfect tensepast perfect tense

  • Present perfect continuous tensepast perfect continuous tense

  • Simple past tensepast perfect tense

  • Past continuous tense past perfect continuous tense

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM


Reported speech

  • DIRECTINDIRECT

  • Past perfect tensepast perfect tense

  • Past perfect continuous tensepast perfect continuous tense

  • Simple future tensesimple past future tense

  • Future continuous tensepast future continuous tense

  • Future perfect tensepast future perfect tense

  • Future perfect continuous tensepast future perfect continuous tense

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM


Change of a uxilary verb

Change of Auxilaryverb

  • Am/is/arewas/were

  • Will/shallwould/should

  • Cancould

  • Maymight

  • Have to/has tohad to

  • Musthad to

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM


Change of adverb

Change of Adverb

  • Nowthen

  • Todaythat day

  • Tonightthat night

  • Tomorrowthe following day / next day

  • Next weekthe following week

  • Last nightthe night before

  • A year agoa year before

  • Herethere

  • Thisthat

  • Thesethose

  • Yesterday the day before

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM


Direct speech indirect speech

Direct Speech & Indirect Speech

  • Simple Present Tense:

    He said to me, “I am sick.”

  • Simple Past Tense:

    He said to me that he was sick.

  • Simple Present Tense:

  • Andi told me, “I always get up early every day.”

  • Simple Past Tense:

  • Andi told me that he always got up early every day.

  • Simple Present Tense:

  • He said to her, “I see you today.”

  • Simple Past Tense:

  • He said to her that he saw her that day.

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM


Reported speech

  • Present Continuous Tense:

  • He said to me, “I am speaking English now.”

  • Past Continuous Tense:

  • He said to me that he was speaking English then.

  • Present Continuous Tense:

  • Ahmad told me, “I am studyingEnglish now.”

  • Past Continuous Tense:

  • Ahmad told me that he was studying English then.

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM


Reported speech

  • Present Perfect Tense:

  • He said to me, “I have read a novel.”

  • Past Perfect Tense:

  • He said to me that he had read a novel.

  • Present Perfect Tense:

  • Ahmad told me, “I have written 2 letters.”

  • Past Perfect Tense:

  • Ahmad told me that he had written 2 letters.

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM


Reported speech

  • Present Perfect Continuous Tense:

  • He said, “I have been studying English for 3 hours.”

  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense:

  • He said that he had been studying English for 3 hours.

  • Present Perfect Continuous Tense:

  • Anita told me, “I have been staying here for 3 months.”

  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense:

  • Anita told me that she had been staying there for 3 months.

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM


Reported speech

  • Simple Past Tense:

  • He said, “I visited you last Sunday.”

  • Past Perfect Tense:

  • He said that he had visited you the Sunday before.

  • Simple Past Tense:

  • Anita told me, “I studied English last night.”

  • Past Perfect Tense :

  • Anita told me that she had studied English the night before.

  • Simple Past Tense:

  • He said to her, “I saw you yesterday.”

  • Past Perfect Tense :

  • He said to her that he had seen her the day before.

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM


Reported speech

  • Past Continous Tense:

  • He said, “I was watching television when she came.”

  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense:

  • He said that he had been watching television when she had come.

  • Past Continous Tense:

  • Anita told me, “I was studying English when he came.”

  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense:

  • Anita told me that she had been studying English when he had come.

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM


Reported speech

  • Simple Future Tense:

  • He said, “I will read the novel tomorrow.”

  • Simple Past Future Tense:

  • He said that he would read the novel the following day.

  • Simple Future Tense:

  • Anita told me, “I will study English next week.”

  • Simple Past Future Tense:

  • Anita told me that she would studiedEnglish the following week.

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM


Exercise change into indirect speech

EXERCISE: Change into Indirect Speech!

  • Ani said to me “I am tired”

  • Budi said to me, “I worked at Surabaya last year”

  • Mother said to me, “Sinta has married for five years”

  • He said to me, “I have been living here for ten years”

  • Mira said to me,”I will finish my task next week”

  • Asep said to me, “I haven’t eaten meat for two months”

  • He said to me.”Euis is cooking some fried rice now”

Resista Vikaliana, S.Si. MM


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