Environmental Ethics
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Environmental Ethics

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Ayo NUTN website. 2. Moral philosophy and Ethics. Philosophers(???) look for and then critically examine, concepts and assumptions that are generally ?taken for granted\".????????????????:What do you mean by that?How come?So what?Why should I, or you, or anyone believe that?Moral philosophy(???
Environmental Ethics

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1. ????? Environmental Ethics ??? (Ayo) ?????? ??????? ?????????

2. Ayo NUTN website 2 Moral philosophy and Ethics Philosophers(???) look for and then critically examine, concepts and assumptions that are generally ?taken for granted?. ????????????????: What do you mean by that? How come? So what? Why should I, or you, or anyone believe that? Moral philosophy(????): the study of values (?goods? and ?bads?)

3. Ayo NUTN website 3 Moral philosophy and Ethics Ethics (???) deals with some general concepts of values as obligation(??), justice(??), rights(??), duties(??), virtue(??), beneficence(??), etc. Moral philosophy deals with the evaluation of personal acts, conduct, motivation and policy. Person(??): sentience (??)?consciousness (??)?reasoning (??)?self-motivated activity (??????)?capacity to communicate(??), conceptualize(???), and to act on principle(??)?a concept of oneself and recognition of the personhood of other persons. (?????????)

4. Ayo NUTN website 4 Moral responsibility ?Moral responsibility?(????) normally implies knowledge(??), capacity(??), choice(??), and value significance(????). Knows of this requirement (??) Is capable of performing it (????) Can freely choose (??) whether or not to do it The performance thereof affects the welfare and/or liberty of other beings.(??)

5. Ayo NUTN website 5 ???????? ???????:???????????????????????(??) ?????????:??????????????????(??) ????????:?????????????,????????????????????????????????????????????? (??) ??????:??????????????????????? (??)

6. Ayo NUTN website 6 Environmental ethics Environmental ethics is concerned with the issue of responsible personal conduct (????????) with respect to natural landscapes(????), resources(??), species(??), and non-human organisms(??????).

7. Ayo NUTN website 7 What is Environmental ethics? ????, ???????(EE)???????????????(??)??? ?????????????????????????????? ????????????????: ????(norms) ???? ?????????????? ????,???? (justified)?

8. Ayo NUTN website 8 3 levels of Ethics

9. Ayo NUTN website 9 Science and Ethics ?????????,PhD = doctor of philosophy (????) ??:????(??),????,???? ??????: ??:?????????? ??:??,???? vs. ???????,??????? vs. ????

10. Ayo NUTN website 10 What is the Science? A. Einstein: Science is the attempt to make the chaotic diversity of our sense-experience correspond to a logically uniform system of thought. Ernst Mayr: Science is not an accumulation of facts, rather science is the search for an understanding of the world around us.

11. Ayo NUTN website 11 Science and Ethics ????????,???????????????,????????????????,???? ??????????,?????,??????,???????????? ??????,????? ??????,????? Science without ethics is blind; Ethics without science is empty.

12. Ayo NUTN website 12 Ethics and the Environment: An Introduction (Cambridge Applied Ethics) by Dale Jamieson (2008) books

13. Ayo NUTN website 13 Environmental Ethics: An Introduction to Environmental Philosophy by Joseph R. Des Jardins (2006)

14. Ayo NUTN website 14 Environmental Ethics: Divergence and Convergence by Susan Armstrong, Richard Botzler, Susan Armstrong, and Richard Botzler (2003) books

15. Ayo NUTN website 15 The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy, Ecology, Economics by Donald Van DeVeer and Christine Pierce (2002) books

16. Ayo NUTN website 16 Environmental Ethics: An Anthology (Blackwell Philosophy Anthologies) by Andrew Light and Holmes, III Rolston (2002) books

17. Ayo NUTN website 17 Environmental Ethics by Michael Boylan (2000) Publisher: Pearson books

18. Ayo NUTN website 18 books

19. Ayo NUTN website 19 books ??:??????? ??:???,???????,?????????????,???????????? ??:?????,??????????,????????,???????? ??:?????????,??????????????????????

20. Ayo NUTN website 20 ??????????????? 01 ??????? 330/? 02 ?????????? 310/? 03?????????????? 260/? 04??????????? 250/?

21. Ayo NUTN website 21 ??????????????? ???????????? 01 ??????? 330/? 02 ?????????? 310/? 03?????????????? 260/? 04??????????? 250/? 1,000/?(??1,150) ????20??? ,40???? ????????(??:803)??:024-500-09036-3 ?: ??????:1925-1288 ??:??????????? ATM??,?Email?????,??(1)?? (2)???? (3)????? (4)???????,??????!??????????(??????????),??????????

22. Ayo NUTN website 22 2008?10??11? ??????? ??????? ?????????????????????????(Holmes Rolston)??,????????,?10???11????????,???????????,????????????????????,?????????????????????,???????????????

23. Ayo NUTN website 23 ??????????,????,10-11? ?/??? 10? 25?, 2008 ?????:???(Holmes Rolston III)?????????????????,?????????????????????????????????????????????????,????????????????????????????????1975?<?????>??????????,??1988??????????????????????????????????????????????????????,?????????????????????????

24. Ayo NUTN website 24 ????????? The way of nature is the way of the Cross. ????????????????,?????????????????? -- ??? Life is incarnate in place.... Environmental ethics requires a feeling of identity with local place. -- Holmes Rolston

25. Ayo NUTN website 25 ???,???,???, ???,???,???? ?????,????;?????, ????????????---- ; ???,???? ----- --?????

26. Ayo NUTN website 26 Environmental Ethics Part I Basic Concepts (????) Part II Environmental Ethics and applied ethics (?????????) Part III Theories of environmental ethics (???????)

27. Ayo NUTN website 27 Environmental Ethics Part I Basic Concepts (????) Chap.1 Science, Ethics, and the Environment Chap.2 Ethical theory and the Environment Part II Environmental Ethics and applied ethics Chap.3 Ethics and economics: managing public lands Chap.4 Responsibilities to future generations: sustainable development Chap.5 Responsibilities to the natural world: from anthropocentric to nonanthropocentric ethics

28. Ayo NUTN website 28 Environmental Ethics Part III Theories of environmental ethics Chap. 6 Biocentric ethics (??????)and the inherent value of life (???????) Chap. 7 Wilderness, ecology, and ethics Chap. 8 The Land Ethic (????) Chap. 9 Deep Ecology (?????) Chap. 10 Environmental Justice and social Ecology(??????????) Chap. 11 Ecofeminism (??????) Chap. 12 Pluralism(???), pragmatism(????), and sustainability(???)

29. Ayo NUTN website 29 An Interdisciplinary Journal Dedicated to the Philosophical Aspects of Environmental Problems ????

30. Ayo NUTN website 30 ???? Environmental ethics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_ethics Environmental Ethics: An Introduction, by Ernest Partridge University of California, Riverside http://gadfly.igc.org/e-ethics/Intro-ee.htm Environmental Ethics, compiled by Prof. Ron Epstein http://online.sfsu.edu/~rone/Environ/Enviroethics.htm Environmental Ethics (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) - http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-environmental/ Multimedia Resources on Environmental Ethics http://ethics.sandiego.edu/Applied/Environment/index.asp Applied Ethics Resources on WWW http://www.ethicsweb.ca/resources/environmental/index.html Environmental Ethics Journal http://www.cep.unt.edu/enethics.html Center for Environmental philosophy http://www.cep.unt.edu/

31. Ayo NUTN website 31 ???? Part I ???? 1 ?????? 2 ?????? 3 ???????? (?????????????) Part II ??????????? 4 ???????:?????? 5 ?????:???????? 6 ??????????? 7 ???????;???? Part III ???????? Part IV ???????

32. Ayo NUTN website 32 ???? Part I ???? Part II ??????????? Part III ???????? 8 ?????????????? 9 ?????????? 10 ????(The Land Ethic) 11 ?????(Deep Eco logy) 12 ?????????? 13 ?????? (Ecofeminism) 14 ???(pluralism)?????(pragmatism)??????(sustainability) Part IV ???????

33. Ayo NUTN website 33 ????????? ????????? (2/19/2009) Bowers , C. A. (1995) Educating for an ecologically sustainable culture : rethinking moral education, creativity, intelligence, and other modern orthodoxies. State University of New York Press (304.207 B786) Connelly, James. and Smith Graham (2003) Politics and the environment : from theory to practice. Routledge. (363.7056 C752 2003) Daly, Herman E., and Kenneth N. Townsend (1993) Valuing the earth : economics, ecology. The MIT Press. (333.72 V215) Fox, Michael W (2004) Killer foods : when scientists manipulate genes, better is not always best. Guilford, Conn. : Lyons Press. (641.3 F793) Hayden, Patrick (2005) Cosmopolitan global politics. (172.4 H415)

34. Ayo NUTN website 34 Haydon, Graham (2006) Education, philosophy and the ethical environment. Routledge. (370.114 H416-1) Hursthouse, Rosalind (2000) Ethics, humans, and other animals : an introduction with readings. Routledge. (179.3 H967) Malachowski, Alan R. (2001) Business ethics : critical perspectives on business and management. Routledge (174.4 B979) Mathews, Freya (1991) The ecological self . Routledge. (110 M429) Parekh, Sarad R. (2004 ed.) The GMO handbook : genetically modified animals, microbes, and plants in biotechnology. Humana Press (660.6 G569) Shapiro, Leland S. (2000) Applied animal ethics. Delmar. (179.3 S529).

35. Ayo NUTN website 35 ??? (2004) ???????????????? (199 1011)? ??? (1996?) ????? : ?????????????? / Holmes Rolston, III?????????(367.01 6042) ??? (1987) ?????????????????(112.7 8046) ??????? (2003) ???????????(198.48 4057) ??? (1969) ??????????????(190 3468) ??? (2000) ???????????(445.9 4050 2000) ??? (1983) ????????????????,????????(190 0060) ???(1982)???????????????????? (190 0207) ???(2002) ??????????????? (144273) ??? (1991) ?????:???????????????(445.011 3133) ??? (1981) ????????????????,???????????,????????(541.32 0138)

36. http://myweb.nutn.edu.tw/~hycheng/

37. Ayo NUTN website 37 ?? 0.1: Technological solutions to Environmental problems? (??????????????) Rachel Carson?s Silent Spring in 1962. ???(??)???,????????? ??????????,????????? Our culture has a profound belief in science as the ultimate authority on questions of knowledge and truth.

38. Ayo NUTN website 38 ??0.2: ????,????? ?????,??????????????????????????????????????,??????????????????,?????,????????? (2008/2/6, ref. ??) ??: ????,??????? ???????,????? ?????????????,???????,????????????

39. Ayo NUTN website 39 ?????? ????????????,??????,???????????????????????,?????,???????,????????????????????????????,??????????,?????????????,????????????????,???????????,?????????????,?????????,????????????????,??????,????????,??????????????????,???????????????,??????????,??????,?????,?????????,?????????????,?????????,??????????,???????????,???????????,???????,??????,???????? (2008/2/6, ref. ??)

40. Ayo NUTN website 40 ?? 0.3 ?????????,???????????????????????????,?????????????????,????????,??????????????????,??????????,?????????????????,?????????????.????????????????????,??????????,?????????????,???????12??????18????????????????????????????????,?????,???????????,??????????,???????,??????,?????80???????????(2009/2/19, ref. ??) ??:??????????,?????????,????????????????????

41. Ayo NUTN website 41 ?? 0.4 ????400?,??????,?5?2????????????,???,????????????,????????,???????????????????:?????????,???????400???,?????????,6??7??????????????????,???????,?????????,???50????????,??????????,????400??,????1500????,?????35%,?????525?????,????????5?2????:??????,???????,?????????,????????,??????,?????,??????????,?????(???)??????(2009/2/19, ref. TVBS) ??:?????,????????????????????,?????????,?????,????????


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