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Chapter 24 – Industrialization and Imperialism: The Making of the European Global Order. THEME: Industrialization altered the nature of European overseas expansion – European partition of the world occurred in haphazard fashion. Dutch gain Java Wanted it for its Spices
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Chapter 24 – Industrialization and Imperialism: The Making of the European Global Order
THEME: Industrialization altered the nature of European overseas expansion – European partition of the world occurred in haphazard fashion
Willingness of Indians to serve in British armies contributed a powerful land force to the empire
Agents of the East India Company were stationed at their courts to ensure loyalty from natives.
Lord Charles Cornwallis: British official who reformed the British East India Company corruption during the 1790’s
Tropical dependencies – Western European possessions in Africa, Asia, and the South Pacific where small numbers of Europeans ruled large indigenous populations
Cecil Rhodes– British entrepreneur in South Africa; manipulated political situation to gain entry to the diamonds and gold discovered in the Boer republics
Boer War (1899-1902) – Fought between the British and Afrikaners; British victory and postwar policies left the African population of South Africa under Afrikaner control
Great Trek– Migration into the South African interior of thousands of Afrikaners seeking to escape British control
Old Imperialism – 15th and 16th c. Portugal, Spain, England, France – “Gold, God, and Glory”
New Imperialism –late 19th c. wanted new natural resources; competition; markets for manufactured goods; done in Africa, India, east/southeast Asia
Aborigines and other natives lacked immunities to European disease (heard this story before!)
James Cook – His voyages to Hawaii form 1777-1779, opened the islands to the West
Boxer Rebellion – 1898 – Eight Nation Alliance – Japan, Russia, Britain, France, U.S., Germany, Italy, & Austria-Hungary vs. China