Poetry terms
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Poetry Terms. 1. Alliteration – repetition of beginning consonant sounds 2.Ballad – a narrative poem, often of folk origin and intended to be sung 3. Cinquain – A type of poem that gets its name from the fact that it is always five lines long 4. Couplet – two lines that rhyme.

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Poetry Terms

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Poetry Terms


1. Alliteration – repetition of beginning consonant sounds

2.Ballad – a narrative poem, often of folk origin and intended to be sung

3. Cinquain – A type of poem that gets its name from the fact that it is always five lines long

4. Couplet – two lines that rhyme


5. End rhyme – the words at the end of the lines rhyme or sound alike

6. Free verse – poetry that is free of a fixed pattern; no set rhyme or rhythm

7. Haiku – Japanese poetry that neither has rhyme nor rhythm because its language does not lend itself to these characteristics


8. Hyperbole – an exaggerated statement

9. Imagery – concrete words or details that appeal to the senses


10. Limerick – a five line poem; lines 1,2 and 5 rhyme and lines 3 and 4 rhyme

11. Metaphor – an implied comparison between two dissimilar things


12. Meter – regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

13. Mood – the feeling within the work (sad, happy, serious)

14.Onomatopoeia – words used to imitate the sounds of things (hiss, buzz, fizz)


15. Oxymoron – a phrase that brings two words together that contradict each other (honest thief; cruel kindness)

16.Personification – human characteristics are given to a non-human thing

17. Rhyme – repetition of like sounds


18. Rhyme scheme – a pattern of end rhyme (a,a; b,b,b)

19. Rhythm – musical quality created by the alternation of accented and unaccented syllables

20. Simile – a comparison between two unlike things using “like” or “as”


21.Stanza – a group of lines in a poem (a paragraph)

22. Symbol – a person, place or object that has another meaning besides its literal meaning

23. Theme – the main idea

24. Tone – the author’s attitude toward his work


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