Making tea with smart growth the fall of statewide growth management in florida
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Making Tea with Smart Growth: The Fall of Statewide Growth Management in Florida. Samuel R. Staley, Ph.D. DeVoe L. Moore Center & Randall G. Holcombe Deparment of Economics Florida State University

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Making tea with smart growth the fall of statewide growth management in florida

Making Tea with Smart Growth: The Fall of Statewide Growth Management in Florida

Samuel R. Staley, Ph.D.

DeVoe L. Moore Center

& Randall G. Holcombe

Deparment of Economics

Florida State University

Presentation Prepared for the Preserving the American Dream annual conference, Washington, DC, October 28, 2013.

e. [email protected]


The goal of statewide growth management is to expand political control over land development
The Goal of Statewide Growth Management is to Expand Political Control Over Land Development

Politics

Economic

Social/Cultural

28 October 2013


Florida s growth management struggles
Florida’s Growth Management Struggles Political Control Over Land Development

Population Growth

Congestion

Urban infrastructure

Environmental degradation

Lower housing affordability

Solution: Growth Management (1985)

28 October 2013


Hallmarks of florida growth management
Hallmarks of Florida Growth Management Political Control Over Land Development

  • Started in 1970s; modified in 1985

  • Consistency:

    • top down planning

    • Compliance with State Plan

  • Concurrency

  • Anti-sprawl

    • Compact development

28 October 2013


Dca determinations for florida s submitted plans
DCA determinations for Florida’s Submitted Plans Political Control Over Land Development

28 October 2013


Dca determinations for florida s submitted plans1
DCA determinations for Florida’s Submitted Plans Political Control Over Land Development

28 October 2013


Costs of conventional planning
Costs of conventional planning Political Control Over Land Development

  • Development approval is lengthy

  • Substantial upfront costs for entitlement and approval

  • Housing markets are less dynamic, resilient and innovative

  • Zoning is largely ineffective and serves to promote existing land uses

28 October 2013


The heavy hand of state government planning
The heavy hand of state government planning Political Control Over Land Development

  • Compliance was negotiated

    • Cities: 2-4 years

    • Counties: 2 years

  • DCA evaluated plans based on their ability to advance state goals

    • Not just compliance

  • Concurrency prevented new development

    • Amendments allowed twice per year

    • Restricted current lands

    • Limited adding supply of new land

28 October 2013




Public attention began to focus on these effects
Public attention began to focus on these effects 2000s

  • Public resistance

    • Large land developers

    • Local elected officials

    • Property Rights coalitions

  • Academic research showed the weaknesses of the act

    • DeVoe Moore Center

    • James Madison Institute

  • Initiatives began to fail at the ballot box

    • Bipartisan resistance to Hometown Democracy

28 October 2013



Rick scott s ascendance
Rick Scott’s Ascendance 2000s

  • Elected in 2010 with strong Tea Party support

    • Cut spending and taxes

    • Cut spending for education

    • Opposed Obamacare

  • No friend of Smart Growth

    • Rejected federal spending for high-speed rail

    • Dismantled the Dept of Community Affairs

28 October 2013


Was the dismantling of dca a tea party victory
Was the dismantling of DCA a Tea Party victory? 2000s

  • Tea Party created a broad base of support for shrinking government

  • Tea Party as not influential in dismantling DCA

    • Reform was quick and an inside job

  • Tea Party was weak in governance

    • Did not give strategic direction to reform efforts

    • Tea Party focus was on other, larger issues

  • Tea Party support was politically necessary but not sufficient for implementation

28 October 2013


Critical roles for the tea party
Critical roles for the Tea Party 2000s

  • Raising awareness

  • Providing popular political support

  • Strategic policy focus

  • Grass roots connection

  • All of the above were crucial toward creating a political climate that allowed the dismantlement of the DCA

28 October 2013


Thank you

Thank You! 2000s

Samuel R. Staley, Ph.D.

DeVoe L. Moore Center, FSU

e. [email protected]

www.coss.fsu.edu/dmc

28 October 2013


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