Making tea with smart growth the fall of statewide growth management in florida
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Making Tea with Smart Growth: The Fall of Statewide Growth Management in Florida. Samuel R. Staley, Ph.D. DeVoe L. Moore Center & Randall G. Holcombe Deparment of Economics Florida State University

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Making Tea with Smart Growth: The Fall of Statewide Growth Management in Florida

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Making tea with smart growth the fall of statewide growth management in florida

Making Tea with Smart Growth: The Fall of Statewide Growth Management in Florida

Samuel R. Staley, Ph.D.

DeVoe L. Moore Center

& Randall G. Holcombe

Deparment of Economics

Florida State University

Presentation Prepared for the Preserving the American Dream annual conference, Washington, DC, October 28, 2013.

e. [email protected]


The goal of statewide growth management is to expand political control over land development

The Goal of Statewide Growth Management is to Expand Political Control Over Land Development

Politics

Economic

Social/Cultural

28 October 2013


Florida s growth management struggles

Florida’s Growth Management Struggles

Population Growth

Congestion

Urban infrastructure

Environmental degradation

Lower housing affordability

Solution: Growth Management (1985)

28 October 2013


Hallmarks of florida growth management

Hallmarks of Florida Growth Management

  • Started in 1970s; modified in 1985

  • Consistency:

    • top down planning

    • Compliance with State Plan

  • Concurrency

  • Anti-sprawl

    • Compact development

28 October 2013


Dca determinations for florida s submitted plans

DCA determinations for Florida’s Submitted Plans

28 October 2013


Dca determinations for florida s submitted plans1

DCA determinations for Florida’s Submitted Plans

28 October 2013


Costs of conventional planning

Costs of conventional planning

  • Development approval is lengthy

  • Substantial upfront costs for entitlement and approval

  • Housing markets are less dynamic, resilient and innovative

  • Zoning is largely ineffective and serves to promote existing land uses

28 October 2013


The heavy hand of state government planning

The heavy hand of state government planning

  • Compliance was negotiated

    • Cities: 2-4 years

    • Counties: 2 years

  • DCA evaluated plans based on their ability to advance state goals

    • Not just compliance

  • Concurrency prevented new development

    • Amendments allowed twice per year

    • Restricted current lands

    • Limited adding supply of new land

28 October 2013


Housing affordability in florida plummeted through out the 2000s

Housing affordability in Florida plummeted through out the 2000s

28 October 2013


Effects of state planning on housing prices

Effects of state planning on housing prices

28 October 2013


Public attention began to focus on these effects

Public attention began to focus on these effects

  • Public resistance

    • Large land developers

    • Local elected officials

    • Property Rights coalitions

  • Academic research showed the weaknesses of the act

    • DeVoe Moore Center

    • James Madison Institute

  • Initiatives began to fail at the ballot box

    • Bipartisan resistance to Hometown Democracy

28 October 2013


Florida s housing market collapse

Florida’s Housing Market Collapse

28 October 2013


Rick scott s ascendance

Rick Scott’s Ascendance

  • Elected in 2010 with strong Tea Party support

    • Cut spending and taxes

    • Cut spending for education

    • Opposed Obamacare

  • No friend of Smart Growth

    • Rejected federal spending for high-speed rail

    • Dismantled the Dept of Community Affairs

28 October 2013


Was the dismantling of dca a tea party victory

Was the dismantling of DCA a Tea Party victory?

  • Tea Party created a broad base of support for shrinking government

  • Tea Party as not influential in dismantling DCA

    • Reform was quick and an inside job

  • Tea Party was weak in governance

    • Did not give strategic direction to reform efforts

    • Tea Party focus was on other, larger issues

  • Tea Party support was politically necessary but not sufficient for implementation

28 October 2013


Critical roles for the tea party

Critical roles for the Tea Party

  • Raising awareness

  • Providing popular political support

  • Strategic policy focus

  • Grass roots connection

  • All of the above were crucial toward creating a political climate that allowed the dismantlement of the DCA

28 October 2013


Thank you

Thank You!

Samuel R. Staley, Ph.D.

DeVoe L. Moore Center, FSU

e. [email protected]

www.coss.fsu.edu/dmc

28 October 2013


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