“More than 50 million people were systematically murdered in the past 100 years- the century of mass murder.” “In sheer numbers, these and other killings make the 20 th century the bloodiest period in human history.”. National Geo. 2006. Where does the Word Genocide Come From?. Geno- cide.
National Geo. 2006
Cide- From the Latin word Cida, which means to kill.
Geno- from the Greek word Genos, which means birth, race of a similar kind, tribe, family
“Any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, as such:
Genocides From 1500-1950
Population declined 80-90% in the first 100 years
21.5 million people died in Congo from 1880-1920
7,000,000 to 15,000,000 people, mostly Ukrainians, died
Up to 1.5 million Armenians were slaughtered
15 countries agree (France and Russia)
Over 11 million People were killed.
6million Jews, 3 million POW’s, 2 million
Poles and 400,000 other “undesirables”(slaves, homosexuals and communists)
The Holocaust was most predominant from previous genocides because of the cruelty, scale and efficiency of the mass murders.
People were killed by: open-air shootings, by killing squads, extermination camps (gas chambers, mass shootings)
Although World War II is the most common Genocide that occurred during 1500-1950’s, it is very important for us to understand the other cases of Genocide that have occurred throughout our history and our World.
The Khmer Rouge killed 1.7 million
Mukesh Kapila ( UN coordinator) has stated that "This is more than just a conflict. It is an organised attempt [by Khartoum] to do away with a group of people. The only difference between Rwanda [in 1994] and Darfur now is the numbers of dead, murdered, tortured and raped involved“.
Current Research in 1945-1976
Scientists continue to discover mass graves and are exhuming the remains.
They try to determine the cause of death in the skeletons and then match up the bones/identity info. to determine who the victims were.
Hundreds of Iraquis have been exhumed-but there are still thousands more to be found.
Humans allow Genocide to continue and the “civilized” first world countries continue to look the other way…and the tragedies continue.
“Will humans ever overcome the ethnic hatreds and other factors that contribute to genocide?
“ in 1945-1976Genocide is a process that develops in eight stages that are predictable but not inexorable. At each stage, preventive measures can stop it. The later stages must be preceded by the earlier stages, though earlier stages continue to operate throughout the process”.
The eight stages of genocide are:
Classification Organization Extermination
Symbolization Polarization Denial
1. CLASSIFICATION: in 1945-1976
2. SYMBOLIZATION in 1945-1976
3. in 1945-1976DEHUMANIZATION:
4. ORGANIZATION: in 1945-1976
5. in 1945-1976POLARIZATION:
6. PREPARATION: in 1945-1976
7. in 1945-1976EXTERMINATION:
8. in 1945-1976DENIAL: