Chapter 8 sec 1
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Chapter 8 Sec 1. Myanmar. Was once called Burma and is about the size of Texas. They have two main rivers the Irrawady and the Salween. About 2/3 are farmers and they do not have modern technology.

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Chapter 8 Sec 1

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Chapter 8 sec 1

Chapter 8 Sec 1


Myanmar

Myanmar

  • Was once called Burma and is about the size of Texas.

  • They have two main rivers the Irrawady and the Salween.

  • About 2/3 are farmers and they do not have modern technology.

  • They also have manufacturing. They produce soap, noodles, paper, textiles, and glass bottles.

  • They also export precious gems- valuable gemstones such as rubies, sapphires, and jade.


Chapter 8 sec 1

  • They also produce most of the worlds teakwood.

  • Their forests are decreasing because of deforestation- widespread cutting of trees.

  • Most people live in the Irrawady valley along the river.


Chapter 8 sec 1

  • Myanmar was part of British India until it gained independence in 1948.

  • Myanmar is now a socialist country. Socialism- is an economic system in which most businesses are owned and run by the government.

  • Myanmar has struggled to become a democracy.

  • In 1991 Aung San SuuKyi was awarded the nobel peace prize


Thailand

Thailand

  • Was once called Siam. Thailand means “land of the free”

  • It is the only country in Southeast Asia that was never ruled by a European country.

  • They trace their independence back to the 1200s AD.


Chapter 8 sec 1

  • Thailand's main agricultural export is teakwood and rubber. They government has limited deforestation to preserve this resource.

  • They also export tin and gemstones.

  • Most manufacturing is located near the capital of Bangkok.

  • They make cement, textiles, clothing, and metal products.

  • Tourism is an important industry as well.


Chapter 8 sec 1

  • Most of the people of Thailand are Buddhist.

  • 80% of the people live in rural villages.

  • There is a lot of urbanization from the people of Thailand moving to Bangkok to look for jobs in industry.


Chapter 8 sec 1

Laos

  • Laos is landlocked and covered in mountains.

  • Laos is a very poor country. The government recently began to allow tourism to help the economy out.

  • 80% of the people live in rural areas.


Chapter 8 sec 1

  • They do not have a lot of manufacturing because of isolation from other countries and civil war- a fight among different groups within a country.

  • The country lacks railroads and only a few cities have electricity. Vientiane is the largest city and capital.

  • The communist government discourages religion but most of Laos remains Buddhist.


Cambodia

Cambodia

  • Their economy began to falter in the 1980s because of civil war and harsh communist rule.

  • They also have very few factories.

  • Most are part of the Khmer ethnic group.

  • 80% live in rural villages.

  • The rest live in cities like the capital Phnom Penh

  • Buddhism is the main religion.


Chapter 8 sec 1

  • In 1953 Cambodia gained its independence from the French.

  • They have fought amongst themselves since then. In the 1970s Communist leaders took over and ruled Cambodia very harshly.

  • In 1993 they brought back their King but political fighting continues.


Vietnam

Vietnam

  • Vietnam has a very long eastern coastline. It borders the Gulf of Tonkin, South China Sea, Gulf of Thailand.

  • The north of Vietnam has a fertile delta on the red river.

  • The south has wide swampy deltas on the Mekong River

  • Monsoons bring wet and dry seasons.


Chapter 8 sec 1

  • Farmers grow rice, sugarcane, cassava, sweet potatoes, corn, bananas, and coffee.

  • With 80 million people Vietnam is the largest population in Southeast Asia.

  • 80% of the people live in the country side.

  • The largest urban area is Ho Chi Minh City, it is named after the communist leader.

  • It used to be called Saigon before the communists took over.


Chapter 8 sec 1

  • Hanoi is located in the North and is the capital of Vietnam.

  • Most people are Buddhist and belong to the Vietnamese ethnic group. The rest are Chinese, Cambodians, and other Asian ethnic groups.

  • Vietnamese is the major language but Chinese, English, and French are also spoken.


Chapter 8 sec 1

  • Vietnamese people came from China over 2,000 years ago. From the late 1800s to the mid 1950s Vietnam was under French control.

  • In recent years, Vietnam’s communist leaders have opened up to western ideas, businesses, and tourists. They also have loosened government control on the economy.

  • They hope to raise Vietnam’s standard of living.


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