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Chapter 8 Sec 1. Myanmar. Was once called Burma and is about the size of Texas. They have two main rivers the Irrawady and the Salween. About 2/3 are farmers and they do not have modern technology.

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Myanmar
Myanmar

  • Was once called Burma and is about the size of Texas.

  • They have two main rivers the Irrawady and the Salween.

  • About 2/3 are farmers and they do not have modern technology.

  • They also have manufacturing. They produce soap, noodles, paper, textiles, and glass bottles.

  • They also export precious gems- valuable gemstones such as rubies, sapphires, and jade.



  • Myanmar was part of British India until it gained independence in 1948.

  • Myanmar is now a socialist country. Socialism- is an economic system in which most businesses are owned and run by the government.

  • Myanmar has struggled to become a democracy.

  • In 1991 Aung San SuuKyi was awarded the nobel peace prize


Thailand
Thailand independence in 1948.

  • Was once called Siam. Thailand means “land of the free”

  • It is the only country in Southeast Asia that was never ruled by a European country.

  • They trace their independence back to the 1200s AD.


  • Thailand's main agricultural export is teakwood and rubber. They government has limited deforestation to preserve this resource.

  • They also export tin and gemstones.

  • Most manufacturing is located near the capital of Bangkok.

  • They make cement, textiles, clothing, and metal products.

  • Tourism is an important industry as well.


  • Most of the people of Thailand are Buddhist. They government has limited deforestation to preserve this resource.

  • 80% of the people live in rural villages.

  • There is a lot of urbanization from the people of Thailand moving to Bangkok to look for jobs in industry.


Laos They government has limited deforestation to preserve this resource.

  • Laos is landlocked and covered in mountains.

  • Laos is a very poor country. The government recently began to allow tourism to help the economy out.

  • 80% of the people live in rural areas.


  • They do not have a lot of manufacturing because of isolation from other countries and civil war- a fight among different groups within a country.

  • The country lacks railroads and only a few cities have electricity. Vientiane is the largest city and capital.

  • The communist government discourages religion but most of Laos remains Buddhist.


Cambodia
Cambodia from other countries and

  • Their economy began to falter in the 1980s because of civil war and harsh communist rule.

  • They also have very few factories.

  • Most are part of the Khmer ethnic group.

  • 80% live in rural villages.

  • The rest live in cities like the capital Phnom Penh

  • Buddhism is the main religion.



Vietnam
Vietnam from other countries and

  • Vietnam has a very long eastern coastline. It borders the Gulf of Tonkin, South China Sea, Gulf of Thailand.

  • The north of Vietnam has a fertile delta on the red river.

  • The south has wide swampy deltas on the Mekong River

  • Monsoons bring wet and dry seasons.


  • Farmers grow rice, sugarcane, cassava, sweet potatoes, corn, bananas, and coffee.

  • With 80 million people Vietnam is the largest population in Southeast Asia.

  • 80% of the people live in the country side.

  • The largest urban area is Ho Chi Minh City, it is named after the communist leader.

  • It used to be called Saigon before the communists took over.



  • Vietnamese people came from China over 2,000 years ago. From the late 1800s to the mid 1950s Vietnam was under French control.

  • In recent years, Vietnam’s communist leaders have opened up to western ideas, businesses, and tourists. They also have loosened government control on the economy.

  • They hope to raise Vietnam’s standard of living.


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