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Recap. What type of people do you think were accused of using witchcraft and why?. Image Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts Illustration "Arresting a Witch". Recap. What crimes/actions were witches accused of ?.

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Recap

What type of people do you think were accused of using witchcraft and why?

Image Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MassachusettsIllustration "Arresting a Witch"


Recap

What crimes/actions were witches accused of ?

Image Courtesy of Glasgow University Library, Special Collections


Witches and Witchcraft

Trials and Punishment


…Aims of the lesson:

To explore witch trials and their outcomes

To discover what punishments supposed witches received for practising witchcraft



Discuss what you think is happening in the picture.

Who are these people?

“The Trial of George Jacobs, August 5, 1692”. By T.H. Matteson, Oil on canvas, 1855.

(Photo by Mark Sexton). Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.


What do you think this lady is doing?

Young girl accusing George Jacobs of being a Warlock

George Jacobs – accused of witchcraft

People affected by witchcraft faint


The people of Salem suffered a great deal prior to 1692. Taxes were high and a number of people were killed by Indians, who were thought to be agents of the Devil.

In fact the people of Salem who had arrived as colonists from Europe before 1692 suffered so many hardships that it is no wonder that many thought that the Devil was amongst them causing things to go wrong.

Hanged in Salem, New England, 1692

Events in Salem, Massachusetts, New England

As you know belief in witchcraft was not new in the 1600’s. In England the church had given licenses to ministers to cast out devils and Matthew Hopkins had been employed to round up witches for execution.


George Jacobs was an old man who had to have the aid of two sticks while walking. When accused of witchcraft and taken before the magistrates, one of whom began the trial with the words, “Here are those that accuse you of acts of witchcraft”, George Jacobs replied bravely, “Well, let us hear who are they and what are they.” When his servant stood forward and accused him ofpractising witchcraft George Jacobs replied with: “You tax me for a wizard: you may as well tax me for a buzzard. I have done no harm.” The magistrates asked him to recite the Lord’s Prayer and he apparently “missed out several parts of it”.George Jacobs was condemnedto death and hung in 1692.


Salem sticks while walking. When accused of witchcraft and taken before the magistrates, one of whom began the trial with the words, “Here are those that accuse you of acts of witchcraft”, George Jacobs replied bravely, “Well, let us hear who are they and what are they.”


These paintings and illustrations have been reproduced with the kind permission of

Peabody Essex Museum, Massachusetts.

Click upon the picture that you would like to study

Next set of pictures


the kind permission ofExamination of a witch”. By T.H. Matteson, Oil on canvas, 1854.

(Photo by Mark Sexton). Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.


the kind permission ofExamination of a witch”. By T.H. Matteson, Oil on canvas, 1854.

(Photo by Mark Sexton). Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.

What do you think is happening here?


the kind permission ofExamination of a witch”. By T.H. Matteson, Oil on canvas, 1854.

(Photo by Mark Sexton). Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.

Who do you think this person is supposed to be?


the kind permission ofExamination of a witch”. By T.H. Matteson, Oil on canvas, 1854.

(Photo by Mark Sexton). Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.

What do you think is happening here?


the kind permission ofExamination of a witch”. By T.H. Matteson, Oil on canvas, 1854.

(Photo by Mark Sexton). Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.

What do you think is happening here?


the kind permission ofExamination of a witch”. By T.H. Matteson, Oil on canvas, 1854.

(Photo by Mark Sexton). Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.

Who do you think this person is?What is he doing?


the kind permission ofExamination of a witch”. By T.H. Matteson, Oil on canvas, 1854.

(Photo by Mark Sexton). Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.

Who do you think this person is?What may his job be?


the kind permission ofExamination of a witch”. By T.H. Matteson, Oil on canvas, 1854.

(Photo by Mark Sexton). Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.

What may this man be trying to do?


Write a paragraph the kind permission ofdescribing the scene shown in the picture.

Remember to add and explain as much information as possible.

Click here for help


Write a paragraph the kind permission ofdescribing the scene shown in the picture.

Remember to add and explain as much information as possible.

Click here for help

* Briefly explain what the whole scene is about - then,* Describe what is happening in each part of the painting in more detail.i) Who are the people shown?ii) Why are these people here – what are their jobs?iii) What may the outcome of this event be?


Witch Tests and Trials the kind permission of

Witch examinations often involved looking for a witch-mark. This was supposed to be where familiars sucked blood fromthe witch.

Sometimes large pins were pushed into the witch-mark. If the person did not cry out in pain (or if she did not bleed from the wound!) she was a witch.

Other witches were ducked or thrown into water with their hands tied. If they sank (and drowned!) they were saidto be innocent and if they floated they were guilty and hung or burnt.


Illustration, "Witchcraft in New England," the kind permission of

a 19th century engraving, depicting 17th century New England

Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.


? the kind permission of

Who do you think these people are?

Illustration, "Witchcraft in New England,"

a 19th century engraving, depicting 17th century New England

Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.


What could be happening here? the kind permission of

?

Illustration, "Witchcraft in New England,"

a 19th century engraving, depicting 17th century New England

Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.


? the kind permission of

Who could this be? What could she be saying?

Illustration, "Witchcraft in New England,"

a 19th century engraving, depicting 17th century New England

Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.


What could the following people be saying? the kind permission of

?

Illustration, "Witchcraft in New England,"

a 19th century engraving, depicting 17th century New England

Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.


What could the following people be saying? the kind permission of

?

Illustration, "Witchcraft in New England,"

a 19th century engraving, depicting 17th century New England

Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.


What could the following people be saying? the kind permission of

?

Illustration, "Witchcraft in New England,"

a 19th century engraving, depicting 17th century New England

Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.


Write a paragraph the kind permission ofdescribing the scene shown in the picture.

Remember to add and explain as much information as possible.

Click here for help


Write a paragraph the kind permission ofdescribing the scene shown in the picture.

Remember to add and explain as much information as possible.

Click here for help

* Briefly explain what the whole scene is about - then,* Describe what is happening in each part of the picture in more detail.i) Who are the people shown?ii) Why are these people here – what are their jobs?iii) What may the outcome of this event be?


? the kind permission of

Click upon the picture that you would like to study

These paintings and illustrations have been reproduced with the kind permission of

Peabody Essex Museum, Massachusetts.

Recap


Here is an example of some of the punishments that were used during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.

"Old Boston Town House Square, about 1657“ Stocks Old Boston Townhouse, ca, 1657Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts


Types of punishment during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.

Can you think of any other forms of punishment that may have been used?


Write a paragraph during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.describing the types of punishment that people accused of witchcraft could receive.

Remember to add and explain as much information as possible.

Click here for help


Write a paragraph during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.describing the types of punishment that people accused of witchcraft could receive.

Remember to add and explain as much information as possible.

Click here for help

* Briefly explain each punishment - What type of punishment was it? - What would the outcome of the punishment be?


What do you think is happening in this picture? during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.

Click the forward arrow for more help

Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.


What do you think is happening in this picture? during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.

Click the forward arrow for more help

Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.


Click the forward arrow for more help during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.

Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.


Highlight areas of the picture that you would like to discuss

Courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.


Why did people treat those suspected of witchcraft in this way?

Who can you see and what are they doing?

Image courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.

Worksheet



Recap way?

Witch Trials and Punishments

Extension

End

Image courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts


Extension Work and Revision: way?For more information upon Witchcraft you could visit The University of Glasgowwebsite - Special Collections Department.

http://special.lib.gla.ac.uk/

You may also like to visit Peabody Essex Museum:

http://www.pem.org

for additional information upon witchcraft and The Salem Witch Trials.

Although institutions and organisations have kindly agreed that we can provide links and use some of the images found on their sites, they are not responsible for the way in which those images have been used. Nor are they responsible for any of the written content found within this presentation.


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