Why bilingualism makes a difference. Prof. Dr. Claudia Maria Riehl University of Cologne, Germany. ZSM: Center for Language Diversity and Multilingualism. Structure of the talk. Insights from psycholinguistics Language in the brain: preliminaries
Prof. Dr. Claudia Maria Riehl
University of Cologne, Germany
ZSM: Center for Language Diversity and Multilingualism
Des war (-) ä Berezawenn sie nass ist un (-) Birkin(-) un dann fault sie.
That was (-) bereza if it gets wet and (-) birch (-) and then it is going to rot.
The Stroop Test and other psycholinguistic experiments reveal:
verbal communication system
The neurologists Paul Pierre Broca (1824-1880) & Carl Wernicke (1848-1905) found that injuries in certain regions of the left half of the brain affected the language abilities of their patients
Application on linguistic knowledge:
early bilinguals build up a network in the language area sufficiently adaptable to integrate later languages
Wattendorf, E. (2001), Different languages activate different subfields in Broca's area. Neuroimage 13: 624
Mechelli, A.. et al. (2004), Structural plasticity in the brain. Nature 431, 757.
evidence for different types of knowledge (explicit vs. implicit)
Test: Bilingual and monolingual children had to judge the correctness of sentences:
Example 1: Apples grow on trees
Example 2: Apples on treesgrow
Example 3: Apples on noses grow
Bilingual children recognise ungrammatical forms more frequentely than monolinguals
Bilinguals have a higher metalinguistic awareness
Bialystok, E. (2001): Bilingualism in Development. Cambridge: CUP
Simonton, D.K. (2008): Bilingualism and Creativity. In: J. Altarriba/R.R. Heredia (eds.), An Introduction to Bilingualism. N.Y./London: Erlbaum, 147ff.
Efficient language training is required to become fluent in a second language