The role of biodiversity offsets in conservation l.jpg
Advertisement
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 25

The Role of Biodiversity Offsets in Conservation PowerPoint PPT Presentation

The Role of Biodiversity Offsets in Conservation An open roundtable discussion Conservation International  Global Symposium “Defying Nature’s End: The African Context” 21 June 2006 An introduction to biodiversity offsets Kerry ten Kate Director, Business and Biodiversity Offset Program

Download Presentation

The Role of Biodiversity Offsets in Conservation

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The role of biodiversity offsets in conservation l.jpg

The Role of Biodiversity Offsets in Conservation

An open roundtable discussion

Conservation International Global Symposium

“Defying Nature’s End: The African Context”

21 June 2006


An introduction to biodiversity offsets l.jpg

An introduction to biodiversity offsets

Kerry ten KateDirector, Business and Biodiversity Offset Program

Conservation International Global Symposium

“Defying Nature’s End: The African Context”

21 June 2006


Slide3 l.jpg

Issues for discussion

  • Definition: What are biodiversity offsets?

  • Context: Where do biodiversity offsets fit within:

    • global sustainable development goals

    • projects’ environmental mitigation hierarchy?

  • Opportunities and Risks: What are the:

    • potential benefits

    • potential risks?

  • Challengesto tackle

  • About BBOP


  • Slide4 l.jpg

    What are biodiversity offsets?

    “Conservation actions intended to compensate for the residual, unavoidable harm to biodiversity caused by development projects, so as to ensure no net loss of biodiversity.

    Before developers contemplate offsets,

    they should have first sought to

    avoid and minimise harm to biodiversity.”

    ten Kate, K.., Bishop, J., and Bayon, R. (2004). Biodiversity offsets:

    Views, experience, and the business case. IUCN and Insight Investment.


    Slide5 l.jpg

    Reduce impacts towards zero residual

    Positive contributions

    (Net biodiversity benefit)

    Biodiversity offsets and impact mitigation

    The mitigation hierarchy:

    Avoid

    Reduce, moderate, minimize

    Rescue (relocation, translocation)

    Repair, reinstate, restore

    Compensate/offset


    Slide6 l.jpg

    Biodiversity offsets &

    sustainable development

    • Ecological sustainability

      • “no net loss” → “net positive impact”

    • Economic efficiency

      • cost effectiveness → welfare maximization

    • Social equity

      • no harm to the poor → poverty reduction


    Slide7 l.jpg

    Global policy context for offsets

    • “To achieve, by 2010, a significant reduction of the current rate of biodiversity loss at the global, regional and national level”

    • CBD Conference of Parties, 2002

    • “Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a day” (Goal 1, Target 1)

      - UN Millennium Development Goals

    • “We resolve … to protect our natural resource base in support of development”

      - 2005 World Summit Outcome


    Slide8 l.jpg

    BBOP

    Developed

    Preserved

    Developed

    Preserved

    The “conservation case”

    More and better conservation:

    • Balance development and conservation. More conservation efforts than “status quo”.

    • Additional finance & mainstream biodiversity into business & regional planning.

    • Focus conservation efforts on priorities, in context of landscape/regional planning.

    • Trade small compromised sites for larger areas with better prospects. Greater connectivity of areas.

    • Potential for pooled resource and development of conservation based markets e.g. wetland banking.

    Sources: 2004: Insight/IUCN; White; Maze.


    Slide9 l.jpg

    A brief history of biodiversity offsets

    • First formalised in 1970s: USA system of wetland mitigation.

    • Now legislation in USA, Canada, Europe (25), Brazil, Switzerland, Australia

    • Policy under discussion in New Zealand, Uganda and Mexico.

    • Investor interest (IFC, Equator Banks, fund managers)

    • Companies (Rio Tinto, Newmont, Anglo American, Shell, BP, Walmart)

    • Industry associations (ICMM, IPIECA)

    • Multistakeholder initiatives (EBI, BBOP, Cambridge Conservation Forum)


    Why should business offset the harm it causes to biodiversity l.jpg

    Why should business offset the harm it causes to biodiversity ?

    • Legal requirements:

      • Law that mandates offset (e.g. US, EU, Brazil, Australia)

      • Law that facilitates offset (e.g. EIA, planning law,

        concession agreements)

  • The business case

    for voluntary biodiversity offsets


  • Slide11 l.jpg

    The business case for biodiversity offsets

    • Access to land and resources:Significant overlap between projects and areas of high conservation value.

    • Maintaining license to operate: Satisfy increasing stakeholder concern for conservation:

      • Increased “regulatory goodwill”:Good relationships with regulatorsCan lead tofaster permitting. “Preferred partner” status.

      • Social license to operate:Better relationships with local communities, government regulators, environmental groups, employees.

  • Reputational benefits.

  • A practical tool for managing social and environmental risks and liabilities.

  • Flexibility: location/scale of rehabilitation; third party implementation/liability.

  • Efficiency: often more cost-effective than on-site rehabilitation.

    • Easier access to capital and associated competitive advantages.

    • Influence emerging regulation and policy. “First mover”advantage.


  • Slide12 l.jpg

    Opportunities & Risks

    Risks:

    • No substitute for “no go” areas

    • Failure to deliver

    • Controversy

    • Credible standards

    Opportunities:

    Conservation

    • more & better conservation, mainstreaming mechanism, gives value to biodiversity

      Business

    • economically efficient means to secure license to operate & reputation; influence policy: market mechanism not regulation

      Policy-makers

    • involve private sector in achieving 2010 target; use market mechanism

      Local communities

    • means to minimise impact on livelihoods and secure additional benefits


    Slide13 l.jpg

    Issues to resolve (1)

    • Slippery slope:will biodiversity offsets lead to the approval of development projects that should not take place (e.g. destruction of unique habitats, or irreversible loss)?

    • Social equity: how to ensure equitable distribution of costs and benefits of offsets, while respecting the rights and concerns of local and indigenous communities?

    • Currency: can offsets provide comparable biodiversity and livelihood benefits as the original ecosystem? How to measure impact and determine a suitable offset?

    • Responsibility: how far does responsibility for environmental impact extend? Should developers offset the indirect impacts of their projects (e.g. labour migration)?


    Slide14 l.jpg

    Issues to resolve (2)

    • Additionality: how to ensure that offsets deliver new and additional biodiversity benefits, and that biodiversity loss is not simply displaced (“leakage”)?

    • Sustainability: how to ensure that biodiversity offsets are secured in perpetuity or at least for the duration of the impact?

    • Timing: should offsets be in place prior to any environmental impact? How can this be achieved?

    • Peformance standards: need credible metrics and governance for biodiversity offsets, including effective mechanisms for stakeholder participation and oversight


    Slide15 l.jpg

    The Business & Biodiversity Offsets Program

    Ensuring no net loss of biodiversity

    in development projects

    through prioritised in situ conservation and livelihood outcomes


    Slide16 l.jpg

    Vision for the Program

    All future major development projects

    (in the private and public sectors alike),

    and certainly those which will have a significant impact on biodiversity,

    should ensure that they bring about no net loss

    (and preferably a net gain) in biodiversity.


    Slide17 l.jpg

    Objectives and Structure

    Learning Network

    Advisory Committee

    Pilot 1

    Pilot 2

    Secretariat

    Pilot 3

    Pilot 4

     PILOT PROJECTS:

    Portfolio of pilot projects worldwide demonstrating “no net loss” of biodiversity and livelihood benefits

     TOOLKIT:

    “How to” toolkit on offset

    design and implementation

     POLICY:

    Influence policy on offsets

    to meet conservation and

    businessobjectives.


    Slide18 l.jpg

    Advisory Committee

    • The National Ecology Institute, Mexico

    • The National Environmental Management Authority, Uganda

    • The Nature Conservancy

    • The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

    • The South African National Biodiversity Institute

    • The United Nations Development Program (Footprint Neutral Initiative)

    • The US Fish and Wildlife Service

    • Wageningen University, Netherlands

    • The World Conservation Society

    • Birdlife International

    • Cambridge Centre for Conservation Policy

    • The Centre for Research-Information-Action for Development in Africa

    • Conservation International

    • Department of Sustainability & Environment, Victoria, Australia

    • Fauna and Flora International

    • Forest Trends

    • Insight Investment

    • IUCN, The World Conservation Union

    • The Biodiversity Neutral Initiative

    • The London Zoological Society

    • The Ministry of Ecology and Sustainable Development, France


    Slide19 l.jpg

    Learning Network

    • ABN-Amro  BG Group

    • Earthcall  Fundaçao Boticario

    • Goldman Sachs  Rio Tinto

    • The International Council on Mining and Metals

    • The International Finance Corporation

    • The International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association;

    • The Katoomba Group (over 200 international experts dedicated to advancing markets for ecosystem services);

    • The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity;

    • The World Bank  The World Bank Institute

    • The World Resources Institute

    • The World Wildlife Fund


    Slide20 l.jpg

    Ntronang

    Akyem Deposit

    Current pilot projects

    • Gas to liquid project in Middle East

    • Gold mine in Ghana

    • Tourism lodge in Uganda

    • Platinum mine in South Africa


    Slide21 l.jpg

    National

    Bioregional

    Site level

    How ?

    • Review mitigation hierarchy

    • Review ESHIA for completeness and baseline data for offset design

    • Quantify impact

    • Identify offset options (priority conservation and livelihood projects)

    • Design offset

    • Implement, monitor


    Slide22 l.jpg

    Offset: livelihood component

    • Address underlying causes of loss of biodiversity at offset sites

    • Meet biodiversity-related livelihood needs of local communities (e.g food, energy)

    • Link offsets to achieving priority development outcomes.


    Slide23 l.jpg

    SPARE MATERIALS


    Slide24 l.jpg

    What are pilot projects?

    • New projects in the field

    • Objective: demonstrate no net loss (or net gain) of biodiversity

    • Diverse portfolio:

      • oil & gas, mining, construction

      • US$7bn to <US$500k

      • tropical forest, desert, marine

      • stakeholders& experts: companies, local & central govt, local & intl NGOs, local communities


    Slide25 l.jpg

    Challenges with offset design

    • Appropriateness of development decisions

    • Shared responsibility

    • Measurement of impacts and offsets: primary vs secondary impacts

    • Priority setting: lack of consensus on priorities

    • Understanding trends for definition of baselines

    • Prediction of underlying baseline in the context of underlying trends

    • Comparability and currency: how to measure impact and determine a suitable offset, like for like or like for not like?

    • Scale issues: distance and ratio of offset

    • Timing

    • Equity: equitable distribution of the economic, social and environmental costs and benefits

    • Integration with other issues: ensuring the rights and concerns of local communities are considered

    • Additionality and leakage

    • Sustainability: ensuring offsets operate for the duration of the impact

    • Assurance: assurance to stakeholders that offsets are operating effectively


  • Login