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Session 3 Effects of ATS Use. Preventing Amphetamine-Type-Stimulant (ATS) Use Among Young People A UNODC Training Workshop. Challenges in researching the effects of ATS. ATS often contain other substances. ATS users use other substances concurrently.

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session 3 effects of ats use

Session 3Effects of ATS Use

Preventing Amphetamine-Type-Stimulant (ATS) Use Among Young People

A UNODC Training Workshop

challenges in researching the effects of ats
Challenges in researching the effects of ATS
  • ATS often contain other substances.
  • ATS users use other substances concurrently.
  • The lifestyle associated with use may contribute to some of the effects, not just the drug alone.

Preventing ATS use among youth

A UNODC Training Workshop

immediate and short term effects of meth amphetamine
Immediate and short term effects of meth/amphetamine
  • Sought after effects are similar to that of cocaine, but cheaper and longer lasting.
  • Methamphetamine is more quickly and fully absorbed by the brain than amphetamine, therefore the effects are stronger.
  • Short term negative effects:
    • State of agitation that can lead to violence;
    • Inability to sleep, hallucinations;
    • Weight loss (women might see it as a desirable effect);
    • Paranoia and aggression.
  • Overdose can happen but is rare.

Preventing ATS use among youth

A UNODC Training Workshop

effects of longer term meth amphetamine use 1
Effects of longer term meth/amphetamine use (1)
  • High potential for addiction and dependence, especially methamphetamine.
  • Amphetamine psychosis:
    • Violent tendencies usually linked to psychotic episodes; Violence, accidental or otherwise, is the leading cause of amphetamine related deaths;
    • Usually ends on stopping use.
  • Malnourishment.

Preventing ATS use among youth

A UNODC Training Workshop

effects of longer term meth amphetamine use 2
Effects of longer term meth/amphetamine use (2)
  • Depression, cognitive and memory problems:
    • Abstract thought, verbal competency, ability to learn and retain new information.
  • Sexual dysfunction:
    • Rough sex > risk of bleeding and STIs;
    • Inability to achieve or maintain erection.
  • High rates of HIV among injecting users:
    • Because of needle sharing, increased no. of partners, increased no. of unprotected sex.
  • Physical damage:
    • Dental erosion, skin lesions
    • Damage to heart, lungs and brain.

Preventing ATS use among youth

A UNODC Training Workshop

short term effects of ecstasy use
Short term effects of ecstasy use
  • Sought after effects reported by users are positive changes in feelings, enhanced communication, empathy, pleasure in touching.
  • However, especially in higher doses, use can produce distortion in perception, thinking and memory.
  • Serotonine syndrome can result in extreme rise in body temperature, as serotonin regulates temperature.
  • Some individual appear to have particular vulnerability to toxic effects of ecstasy.

Preventing ATS use among youth

A UNODC Training Workshop

effects of longer term ecstasy use
Effects of longer term ecstasy use
  • Hangover characterised by depression, fatigue, dehydration and difficulties in concentrating.
  • Weight loss, kidney & liver damage.
  • Impairment in short term memory:
    • Not clear if it reverses stopping use or not.
  • Depression, panic attacks, paranoia.
  • Dependence:
    • A proportion of heavy ecstasy users show evidence of dependence according to diagnostic criteria.

Preventing ATS use among youth

A UNODC Training Workshop

effects of methyphenidate use
Effects of methyphenidate use
  • Higher doses and chronic use result in effects similar to those of meth/amphetamine

Preventing ATS use among youth

A UNODC Training Workshop

the drug the person and the context
The drug, the person and the context
  • The effects and the level of risk that a person is taking depends on three aspects of the situation that will vary with each occasion:
    • The substance
      • What is it? In which dose is it taken? How? Are other substances being taken concurrently?
    • The person
      • The physical and mental condition of the person taking the substance, his/her expectations and past experiences.
    • The context
      • Physical and social setting in which the substance is taken, including interpersonal atmosphere and group expectations.

Preventing ATS use among youth

A UNODC Training Workshop

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