Session 3 effects of ats use
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Session 3 Effects of ATS Use. Preventing Amphetamine-Type-Stimulant (ATS) Use Among Young People A UNODC Training Workshop. Challenges in researching the effects of ATS. ATS often contain other substances. ATS users use other substances concurrently.

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Session 3 Effects of ATS Use

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Session 3 effects of ats use

Session 3Effects of ATS Use

Preventing Amphetamine-Type-Stimulant (ATS) Use Among Young People

A UNODC Training Workshop


Challenges in researching the effects of ats

Challenges in researching the effects of ATS

  • ATS often contain other substances.

  • ATS users use other substances concurrently.

  • The lifestyle associated with use may contribute to some of the effects, not just the drug alone.

Preventing ATS use among youth

A UNODC Training Workshop


Immediate and short term effects of meth amphetamine

Immediate and short term effects of meth/amphetamine

  • Sought after effects are similar to that of cocaine, but cheaper and longer lasting.

  • Methamphetamine is more quickly and fully absorbed by the brain than amphetamine, therefore the effects are stronger.

  • Short term negative effects:

    • State of agitation that can lead to violence;

    • Inability to sleep, hallucinations;

    • Weight loss (women might see it as a desirable effect);

    • Paranoia and aggression.

  • Overdose can happen but is rare.

Preventing ATS use among youth

A UNODC Training Workshop


Effects of longer term meth amphetamine use 1

Effects of longer term meth/amphetamine use (1)

  • High potential for addiction and dependence, especially methamphetamine.

  • Amphetamine psychosis:

    • Violent tendencies usually linked to psychotic episodes; Violence, accidental or otherwise, is the leading cause of amphetamine related deaths;

    • Usually ends on stopping use.

  • Malnourishment.

Preventing ATS use among youth

A UNODC Training Workshop


Effects of longer term meth amphetamine use 2

Effects of longer term meth/amphetamine use (2)

  • Depression, cognitive and memory problems:

    • Abstract thought, verbal competency, ability to learn and retain new information.

  • Sexual dysfunction:

    • Rough sex > risk of bleeding and STIs;

    • Inability to achieve or maintain erection.

  • High rates of HIV among injecting users:

    • Because of needle sharing, increased no. of partners, increased no. of unprotected sex.

  • Physical damage:

    • Dental erosion, skin lesions

    • Damage to heart, lungs and brain.

Preventing ATS use among youth

A UNODC Training Workshop


Short term effects of ecstasy use

Short term effects of ecstasy use

  • Sought after effects reported by users are positive changes in feelings, enhanced communication, empathy, pleasure in touching.

  • However, especially in higher doses, use can produce distortion in perception, thinking and memory.

  • Serotonine syndrome can result in extreme rise in body temperature, as serotonin regulates temperature.

  • Some individual appear to have particular vulnerability to toxic effects of ecstasy.

Preventing ATS use among youth

A UNODC Training Workshop


Effects of longer term ecstasy use

Effects of longer term ecstasy use

  • Hangover characterised by depression, fatigue, dehydration and difficulties in concentrating.

  • Weight loss, kidney & liver damage.

  • Impairment in short term memory:

    • Not clear if it reverses stopping use or not.

  • Depression, panic attacks, paranoia.

  • Dependence:

    • A proportion of heavy ecstasy users show evidence of dependence according to diagnostic criteria.

Preventing ATS use among youth

A UNODC Training Workshop


Effects of methyphenidate use

Effects of methyphenidate use

  • Higher doses and chronic use result in effects similar to those of meth/amphetamine

Preventing ATS use among youth

A UNODC Training Workshop


The drug the person and the context

The drug, the person and the context

  • The effects and the level of risk that a person is taking depends on three aspects of the situation that will vary with each occasion:

    • The substance

      • What is it? In which dose is it taken? How? Are other substances being taken concurrently?

    • The person

      • The physical and mental condition of the person taking the substance, his/her expectations and past experiences.

    • The context

      • Physical and social setting in which the substance is taken, including interpersonal atmosphere and group expectations.

Preventing ATS use among youth

A UNODC Training Workshop


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