Ideology
Advertisement
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 8

Ideology PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Ideology. What do we mean by ideology? It’s a system of ideas, which functions within a given society to make its institutions, customs, practices, and beliefs appear “normal” or “natural.”

Download Presentation

Ideology

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Ideology

Ideology

What do we mean by ideology?

  • It’s a system of ideas, which functions within a given society to make its institutions, customs, practices, and beliefs appear “normal” or “natural.”

  • Because they are constantly reinforced within the society, members have a great deal of difficulty seeing and analyzing their own ideologies, much as it must be hard for a fish to see water.


Ideology1

Ideology

What does ideology have to do with Hollywood movies?

  • They reinforce the dominant ideology in order to keep the viewer engaged with the illusion on screen.

  • In entertaining an audience, the movie may use “the story, the star or the music” to distract audiences from real social problems.

    • Sullivan’s Travels

    • Singin’ in the Rain

  • Why did Hollywood become so unwilling to take on political issues?


  • Ideology2

    Ideology

    • Even “social problem movies,” which often contained a conflict between the individual and the structures of society, staged them within “the context of a fundamentally just society which offered the individual, even under the most extreme circumstances, the chance to reestablish himself . . . “

    • Why did Hollywood become so unwilling to take on political issues?


    Why indeed

    Why, indeed?

    • Federal Regulation

      • entertainment (a commodity), not speech

    • Hays Office (MPPDA--1932)

      • “entertainment unadulterated, unsullied by any infiltration of propaganda”

    • The Quigley Amendment (1932)

      • “No motion picture shall be produced which shall advocate or create sympathy for political theories alien to, and subversive of American institutions.”


    And then there was

    And then there was . . .

    • The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC)

      • Cold War paranoia about Communist messages in mass entertainment

      • Congress formed House UnAmerican Activities Committee (HUAC)

      • 1941 and 1947 HUAC hearings were "witch hunts" to remove so-called subversives from the industry (most famously led by Sen. Joseph McCarthy)


    Effect of huac hearings

    Effect of HUAC hearings

    • The blacklisting of talented members of the Hollywood community

    • created a climate of fear and dampened creativity within the industry, and

    • the controversies over people’s roles in the investigation continue even today (1999 Elia Kazan Oscar controversy)


    What got lost in the post war years

    What got lost in the post-war years?

    When you exclude ideological positions as a source of conflict in movie plots, you reduce them (as we generally have) to self-interest: “the bad guys act out of greed or ambition and the good guys act to stop the bad guys.” The political/economic system is seen as essentially good, with an occasional few “bad apples” whose removal restores the system to health and smooth operation.


    Social problem movies

    Social Problem Movies

    • Why are they so hard to get right?

    • Case Study: Mississippi Burning

      • “Both by what it includes and by its exclusions, hesitations and absences, the movie remains equivocal, not about the rights and wrongs of racism, so much as about how a movie can make its discourse about racism entertaining, and what an entertainment movie can say about racism.”

    • Case Study: Do the Right Thing


  • Login