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Building e-learning futures Costruire il futuro dell' eLearning Dr. Gilly Salmon eLearning: una sfida per l’universita Strategie, metodi, prospectiive Centre for Innovation, Knowledge & Enterprise, Open University Business School Chair Professional Certificate in Management

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Slide1 l.jpg

Building e-learning futures

Costruire il futuro dell' eLearning

Dr. Gilly Salmon

eLearning:

una sfida per l’universita Strategie,

metodi, prospectiive


Dr gilly salmon l.jpg

Centre for Innovation, Knowledge & Enterprise, Open University Business School

Chair Professional Certificate in Management

Visiting Professor,

Glasgow Caledonian Business School

Director ‘All Things in Moderation Ltd’

Dr. Gilly Salmon


Is it all worth while 70 nobel laureates impact of internet over next 20 years l.jpg
Is it all worth while? University Business School70 Nobel Laureates:impact of Internet over next 20 years

  • 87% positive impact to improve education

  • 91% improve educational opportunities

  • 69% believe they could have done their work faster (medicine, physics, peace & literature)

  • www.cisco.com/nobel/survey


Addressing the future of technology l.jpg

this “telephone” has too many shortcomings to be seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

...there’s a world market for about 5 computers. Thomas Watson, Chairman IBM 1943.

Computers in the future may weigh no more than 1.5 tons." Popular Mechanics, 1949

...data processing is a

fad that won't last out the year." Editor of business books Prentice Hall, 1957.

There’s no reason for

any individual to have a computer in their homes, Ken Olson, Chairman, Digital Corp. 1977

640K ought to be enough for anybody." Bill Gates, 1981.

Addressing the future of technology


The 21st century the discontinuities l.jpg
The 21st Century: the discontinuities seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

body

  • adoption of technology

  • highly unpredictable

time

mind

real

technologies

Apples don’t grow on trees…

Chips aren’t a high fat food…

Gates don’t open…

Windows don’t offer a better view

virtual

space

humans


What s the problem in universities l.jpg
What’s the problem in Universities? seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

  • Traditions of knowledge transmission & acquisition are challenged

  • neatly packaged client/customers/student “needs” do not present themselves.

  • the use of technologies grows in a way that has little to do with demographics

  • Terrific opportunities pass us by in a haze of commercialism..or a flash in the pan of new initiative exhaustion


What technology which direction l.jpg

Commercial investment in technology likely to continue seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

Virtual educational institutions & consortiums ‘in trouble’

Leaves way open for embedding technology in teaching

Decisions are difficult- what technologies will sustain, be reliable, upgradable, adaptable, suitable, make a difference?

What technologyWhich direction?

  • We can be sure:

  • all university staff will need to be:

  • Flexible in their approach to teaching

  • Able to work electronically with each other


A solution scenarios l.jpg

look at possibilities seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

creatively explore uncertainties & complexity

undertake strategic conversations

make choices

prepare!

These scenarios include role of research,

technologies, teaching philosophies, assessment &

role of online teachers/trainers/academics

relevance to higher education

A ‘solution’ ? :Scenarios


Slide9 l.jpg

4 e-learning scenarios seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

Planet ofContenteous

Planet Instantia

Nomadict Planet

Planet of Cafélattia


Planet of contenteous l.jpg

Choices based on seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

media profiles

online resource availability

league tables

Planet of Contenteous

Transmission

model of teaching:

content rich

Big Brother learning

Virtuality, simulations

Technology

as a delivery system;

content & learning

management systems,

multi media,

Digital radio

DVDs, digital & cable TV.

standards


Glamorous educational broadcasting l.jpg
Glamorous educational broadcasting? seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

  • Targeting all adults

  • Reach is the greatest of all technologies

  • 250,000 rang for help after a single weekend of brief TV spots (but the educational provision needs to be on popular channels)

  • BUT the industry faces major changes in ownership & influence

  • Media threatens traditional educational providers

  • And it’s net-crazy

New communication bill in UK


Contenteous l.jpg
Contenteous seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

Assessment

Diagnostic

tests determine

content pathways

reproduction &

critique

frequent automated testing

sophisticated feedback

& guidance

Technology:

very good navigation,

multi media capacity

‘eye into reality’ simulations

virtuality

asynchronicity

& synchronicity

automatic tracking & testing

extremely robust

excellent scheduling


Planet of contenteous13 l.jpg
Planet of Contenteous seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

Economies of

scale through reduced

interaction

stand & deliver

Teaching:

content experts

build online libraries & resource pathways

become e-lecturers

captivate big audiences

(support of the elite few

needs high level of research)

stand & deliver

content is king


Contenteous14 l.jpg
Contenteous seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876


Planet instantia l.jpg

Tick-tock seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

Planet Instantia

choice:

Just for me, just in time,

just for now, just enough

Computer based courses

from desks & learning centres

IT as tools

learning objects

rule!

Speed of mind

absorption=

speed of technology

E-learning

Continuous, applied,

Flexible


Learning objects l.jpg
Learning Objects seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

The technology delivered learning of tomorrow will be assembled, not authored from large reservoirs of content presented to the learner…and more emphasis will be on building knowledge bases that can be published ‘on the fly’ Elliot Masie

Learning objects may be constructed through combining several elements, such as HTML, graphics, audio, video, documents, Java, to provide interactivity

Charles Jennings


Slide17 l.jpg

exchanging learning objects seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

Paulo’s

students

Paulo

Teaches computing

learning objects repository


Slide18 l.jpg

Franz seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

Cross cultural marketing

Maria

Systems analysis

learning objects repository

Report

writing

Analysing

data

Compare

& contrast

Compare

contrast

Analysing

data

Report

development

Presenting

inf

Presenting

inf

Equality

& diversity

Understanding

culture


Planet instantia19 l.jpg
Planet Instantia seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

How

sustainable?

Tick-tock

Technology

available 24/7/52

sophisticated

metagged data bases

easily manipulated

highly reliable and scalable

quick easy customisation

assessment:

authenticity,

tracking,

links to

performance

assessment submittable in

different media


Planet instantia20 l.jpg
Planet Instantia seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

Tick-tock

Teaching:

support

autonomous learning,

available 24 hours a day,

synchronously

& asynchronously

focus on:

skills development

& adoption of in-house

knowledge cultures


Nomadict l.jpg
Nomadict seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

Mobilised

learning

for the mobile

society

Wearable,

portable & embedded

technologies:

PDAs, Palms tops,

Tablet PCs

mobile phones

with keyboards

GPS, wireless &

personal

national & international

comms networks

biometrics provide security

of identity

truly any time

any place learning,

learner chooses style,

focused learning

components interact

with learners’ environments

& provide pacing,


Slide22 l.jpg

High ownership- all ages groups & both sexes seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

40% over 65s have mobile, as many 45-55 aas teenagers

Increased time communicating (men & women)

Class and wealth influence but still 51% of low income & take yp high

Innovation & combination

Phones gobbling up other products

Cameras, diaries, calculators, internet, MP3

20 different products

About Mobile telephones: A transformational technology study 10th Nov 2002 (UK) Guardian ICM opinion poll

Behaviours:

Changed the way people communicate

Saved lives

Become style icons

New sub-strata of language


Nomadict23 l.jpg
Nomadict seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

Technology

Universities server farms

Halls of residents

become satellite stations

no tolerance for old style VLEs

low cost streamed learning

Assessment:

small bites,

highly transferable

mainly outcomes, projects

student

designed assessments

(with helpers)

biometrics provide security

of identity


Nomadict24 l.jpg
Nomadict seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

Mobile, portfolio

teaching

work with varying cultures

& traditions,

create tiny chunks of

learning activities,

relate to students

without meeting,

promote student

ownership of

learning process


Slide25 l.jpg

gps in the service of Higher Education seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

E-

moderator

lecture

hall

2010


Nomadict26 l.jpg
Nomadict seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876


Planet of caf lattia l.jpg
Planet of Cafélattia seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

Who’s

in charge?

social context for

learning,

acquisition, argument

& application,

find & interact with

like-minded others,

free expression,

intellectual extension by dialogue

reflection,

professional communities,

sharing of tacit knowledge

assessment is negotiated:

knowledge construction

& problem solving skills,

Developed Internet

(beyond the browser!)

technologies

as mediating devices, as

contexts

& community space,

asychronous &

synchronous groupware,

clicks & mortar,

hi & lo bandwidth


Planet of caf lattia28 l.jpg
Planet of Cafélattia seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

Technology

mediating device

between people

free expression through

text and voice

sharing of contexual &

tacit knowledge

reflection & creativity tools

group work space

sophisticated

document sharing

assessment

is negotiated:

knowledge construction

& complex problem solving skills,

will professions merge?


Planet of caf lattia29 l.jpg
Planet of Cafélattia seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

teaching:

think global, local action,

Partnerships between teachers

& media developers

Mentoring

and expert moderating,

build online

Groups & communities

intelligent agents,

Lead information exchange

& knowledge

construction processes


Slide30 l.jpg

can caffelattia suceed? seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876


Low cost teacher led elearning using e tivities l.jpg
Low cost-teacher led eLearning: seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876using E-tivities

  • Structured participative group work online

  • Motivating,engaging & purposeful

  • Based on interaction between learners/students & active contribution

  • Designed & led by an teacher/e-moderator

  • Usually asynchronous (i.e over time)

  • Based on simple text based bulletin boards

  • On or offsite, blended or online only

  • One-off or built into a programme

Low cost


Key features of e tivities l.jpg

Everything needed to take part in one message! seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

Key features of e-tivities

  • 1. Illustrative title

  • 2. Small piece of information, stimulus or challenge (the ‘spark)

  • 3. Online action which includes individual participants posting a response (the ‘invitation’)

  • 4. Interactive or participative element- such as responding to the postings of others (the Action & Interaction)

  • 5. Elapsed time allowed, posting times required

  • 6. Summary, feedback or critique from e-moderator


Slide33 l.jpg

Janison seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876


Slide34 l.jpg

spark seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

invitation

interaction


Slide35 l.jpg

FirstClass seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876


Example caf lattia course in 2002 first two hundred participants l.jpg
Example seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876Cafélattia course in 2002:first two hundred participants

Countries

UK 50

Australia 56

S. America 32

Cont. W Europe 24

N. America 16

Asia 14

Completion?

Full

(certificate)144

good 28

dropped out

(typically 2-3

weeks in) 28

Educational Sectors

Universities 68

College/vocational 56

Professional networks 38

Corporate 26

Schools 12

English as 1st

language 156

English as 2nd

language 44

Reasons for

participation

strategic 24

Skills 178


Slide37 l.jpg

Making a difference seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876


Make a distinction find your niche make a difference l.jpg

Explore the scenarios: disciplines, cultures, traditions seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

Be clear about your own (learning & teaching) objectives) and distinctiive markets

Choose based on “fit for purpose”

Learn by doing, share, collaborate

Make a distinction- find your niche- make a difference

Guide the consequences

Choose a scenarios

develop online teaching

skills (e-moderating)


Changing practice for quality in higher education l.jpg
Changing practice for quality seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876in Higher Education

HE staff as the

Solution

(not the problem)

professionalism

Hi tolerance

organisation

restructure

control

Innovators

Adopters

(1&2)

exploration:

how & why

mindset

change

(2)

teaching

Practice/

discipline

funding/

resources

change

agents

acceptance

mindsets

change

(1)

Scale up

operational

changes

lo tolerance

implementaion

1= understanding

2= action

Later

adopters


Skills for university teachers in the knowledge media age l.jpg
Skills for university teachers in the knowledge media age seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

Prerequisites!

Flexibility towards

online teaching & learning,

Empathy

with online learners,

Willingness to be

trained & developed

Develop fast!

online communication

& group skills,

pacing & use of time online,

ability to teach &

e-moderate cross-culturally

& value diversity

relate to

learners without meeting

assess online

Train online

to work

online

train

develop

recruit


University teachers become autotelic l.jpg
University teachers become seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876autotelic!

  • An autotelic is someone good at translating threats into challenges.

  • They constantly create focus, short-term goals

  • Give close attention to the group they are working with.

  • They visualise the group’s success & engage it in achieving it

create flow


Imagine your own scenario l.jpg
Imagine your own scenario? seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

To make a difference faster:

focus on the human

intervention

not the technology

From Built to Last

J. Collins & J.I. Porras

HarperBusiness 1997


Slide43 l.jpg

4 e-learning scenarios seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

What Planet are you on?

Are management and academics on different planets?

What about IT professionals and lecturers?

What about teachers and technology providers?


Slide44 l.jpg

The Web is not good as a broadcast medium seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

People use the Web for self publishing and interaction

Look at what your learners use for their everyday lives/work =use for learning

Learning happens with others

If working alone, learners need strong motivation, participation, emotions and time ‘management’

4 e-learning scenarios

How will you choose?

some clues!

All the scenarios need E-moderators


Slide45 l.jpg

Time for challenge seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

Questions

Comments?


Slide46 l.jpg
More? seriously considered as a means of communication. Western Union memo 1876

Thanks for your attention

  • G.K.Salmon@open.ac.uk

  • http://oubs.open.ac.uk/gilly

  • http://oubs.open.ac.uk/e-moderating

  • http://www.e-tivities.com


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