Jeremiah the weeping prophet
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Jeremiah The Weeping Prophet. By Luke Kim. Presentation Outline. Introduction Backgrounds: kings, nations, prophets Prophecies Fulfillments of Prophecies Jeremiah – The Man God in Jeremiah Conclusion. Outline of the Book. The Call of Jeremiah (1)

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Jeremiah The Weeping Prophet

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Jeremiah the weeping prophet

JeremiahThe Weeping Prophet

By Luke Kim


Presentation outline

Presentation Outline

  • Introduction

  • Backgrounds: kings, nations, prophets

  • Prophecies

  • Fulfillments of Prophecies

  • Jeremiah – The Man

  • God in Jeremiah

  • Conclusion


Outline of the book

Outline of the Book

  • The Call of Jeremiah (1)

  • Prophecies to Jerusalem and Judah (2-35)

    Warnings and Exhortations to Judah

    Promises of Restoration

  • The Sufferings of Jeremiah (36~38)

    The Fall of Jerusalem

  • Prophecies to Foreign Nations (46~51)

  • Historical Appendix (52)


Introduction

Introduction

“’This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after that time,’ declares the LORD. ‘I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts I will be their God, and they will be my people’” (31:33)

  • Author: Jeremiah (“Yahweh lays a foundation.”)

  • Date: 626 BC ~ sometime after 586

    Written, destroyed (by King Jehoiakim), rewritten and edited in a state of constant turmoil and danger

  • Theme: The Judgment of God


Kings

Kings

  • Josiah (640-609) Jeremiah came in the 13th yr of his reign

  • Jehoahaz (609)

  • Jehoiakim (~597): A puppet king under Egypt and Babylon.

    Revolted against Nebu. Died in captivity.

    Burned the scroll of God’s word. (36)

  • Jehoiachin (597) A political prisoner in Babylon for 37 yrs

  • Zedekiah (~587)

    Jeremiah pleaded to submit to Babylon. Caused a famine. (32:36)

    Imprisoned Jeremiah. Jeremiah prophesies 70 yrs of exile (25).

    His sons were slain and his own eyes were put out.

    Carried in chains to Babylon.


Invasions

Invasions

  • Josiah (640-609)

  • Jehoahaz (609)

  • Jehoiakim(~597)

    Babylon becomes a super power nation.

    Babylon’s 1st invasion (606) – Daniel…

  • Jehoiachin (597)

    Babylon’s 2nd invasion (598)

  • Zedekiah(~587)

    Babylon’s 3rd invasion (588)

    The Fall of Jerusalem (586) – Jeremiah…


Prophets

Prophets

  • Contemporary Prophets

    Beginning: Nahum, Zephaniah, and Habakkuk

    End: Daniel and Ezekiel

  • There were false prophets (i.e.:Hananiah in 28)

    Preached good things to the people (14, 23, 30-34)

    Prophesied lies in God’s name.

    People loved to hear them.

  • Prophets were persecuted and killed.

    I.e.) Uriah prophesied against the people of Judah and fled in fear to Egypt. But he was caught in Egypt and brought back. The king Jehoiakim had him struck down with a sword.(26)


Jeremiah the weeping prophet

Prophecies

“The word of the Lord came to me…”


Prophecies 1

Prophecies (1)

  • Judah’s Forsaking God / Idolatry  God forsakes them.

  • Coming Destruction

  • Warnings  Repentance

  • The Broken Covenant

  • Drought, Famine, Sword, and Captivity

  • Messages about Egypt, the Philistines, Moab, Ammon, Edom, Damascus, Kedar, Hazor, Elam, and Babylon (46-51)


Judah in prophecies

Judah In Prophecies

  • Idolatry: sacrifices to other gods (7:18), idols inside the temple (7,32)

  • Sacrificed their own children!!! (7:31)

  • Not One Is Upright (5:1)

  • Godless and Lying Priests & Prophets (23)

    “’Peace, peace,’ they say, when there is no peace.” (8:11)

    Use their power unjustly (23:10)

    Prophesied by Baal and led people astray (23:25)

  • False security: Jerusalem and the Temple = An magical inviolability = Safety


Judah in prophecies cont

Judah In Prophecies (cont.)

  • Kings, priests, and his people refused to accept Jeremiah’s message.

    “They made their faces harder than stone and refused to repent” (5:3)

  • “A wild donkey sniffing the wind in her craving -- in her heat…” (2:24)

  • An unfaithful wife (3:20)

  • Well fed lusty horses (5:7-9)

  • A shameless prostitute (3:1, 6-8, 13:27)


Prophecies 2

Prophecies (2)

  • Promises of the Messiah

    “’when I will raise up to David a righteous Branch,’” (23:5)

    “I will make a righteous Branch sprout from David’s line;” (33:15)

    “The LORD Our Righteousness” (23,33)

  • Restoration & Deliverance (30,33)


Jeremiah the weeping prophet

Fulfillments


Fulfillments of prophecies

Fulfillments of Prophecies

  • As a result…

  • Jerusalem was besieged by Babylonian army (588-586)

  • By the sword, famine and plague the city of Jerusalem was destroyed.

  • The fall of Jerusalem (586)

  • Judah went into captivity. (3,023 people including King Zedekiah)


Fulfillments of prophecies1

Fulfillments of Prophecies

  • Restoration & Deliverance

    • Zerubbabel (538 BC)

    • Ezra (457)

    • Nehemiah (445)

  • The temple was rebuilt. (515)

  • Eventually by the Messiah (Righteous Branch)


Jeremiah

Jeremiah


Jeremiah the man

Jeremiah – The Man

  • Seventy years after the death of Isaiah

  • A native of Anathoth, from a priest’s family

  • A priest and prophet

  • When he was very young, God called him.(1:5,6)

  • Ordained by God

  • 1:17~19 imply how hard his life of mission would be.

  • Single (16:2)

  • Forty years with great faithfulness

    626 BC ~ sometime after 586


Jeremiah his struggles

Jeremiah – His Struggles

  • No prophet wrote much about his own agony except Jeremiah. (12, 20)

    “O Lord , you deceived me, and I was deceived; you overpowered me and prevailed.” (20:7)

    “Cursed be the day I was born!” (20:14)

  • But

    “You are always righteous, O Lord” (12)

    “But the Lord is with me like a mighty warrior” (20:11)


Jeremiah his sufferings

Jeremiah – His Sufferings

  • Threatened and persecuted by people

    “Do not prophesy in the name of the Lord or you will die by our hands” (11:21)

  • Social rejection, Betrayed by his own relatives

  • Mocked and ridiculed by people.

  • Accused of treason, beaten, and imprisoned

  • Thrown into a muddy cistern, sank in the mud, and left starving for dead

  • (Stoned to death in Egypt  tradition)


Jeremiah we

Jeremiah = We

  • called when we were very young.

  • kingdom of priests – Bible teachers

  • carrying unpopular messages.

  • rejected and ignored many times.

  • struggle with sheep


God in jeremiah

God In Jeremiah

“Why does the way of the wicked prosper?

Why do all the faithless live at ease?” (12)

  • Creator of all things (10:12-16; 51:15-19)

  • Omnipotent (32:27; 48:15; 51:57)

  • Omnipresent (23:24)

  • Sovereign Deliverer (20:11, 32:17-25)

  • Lord of the Nations (5:15; 18:7-10; 25:17-28; 46-51): The Potter and the Clay(18)


Conclusion what i learned

Conclusion (What I learned)

  • People like good things to hear. They deceive themselves having false security. (military power & economy)

  • How terrible idolatry is! It brings God’s wrath!

  • Importance to accept the messages of warning and repentance

  • Having spiritual insight about my life and the world.

  • Jeremiah’s life of mission

    - used wholly as God’s instrument.

    - delivered messages from God to his people faithfully.

    - Obedience to the will of God until he died.

  • God’s yearning heart toward Judah.

    “Obey me and I will be your God and you will be my people” (7:23)


Appendix

Appendix

  • More regular Order

    1-20; 22; 23; 25; 26; 35; 36; 45; 24; 29; 30; 31; 27; 28; 21; 34; 37; 32; 33;38; 39; 40-44; 46-52.


References

References

  • Books

    • The Bible

    • Jeremiah. The Chokmah Synthetic Commentary

  • Websites

    • http://www.gospelcom.net/eword/comments/jeremiah/

    • http://www.stpetersnottingham.org/bible/jeremiah.htm

    • http://www.suffering.net/servjer.htm

    • http://fly.hiwaay.net/~wgann/walk_ot/jeremiah.htm


Jeremiah the weeping prophet

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