Birth of Post-colonial South Asia: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh October 6, 2008 Based primarily on Bose and Jalal Jalal, Democracy and Authoritarianism Jahan, Bangladesh Main questions What was the nature of the political and institutional developments in India and Pakistan?
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Birth of Post-colonial South Asia: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh
October 6, 2008
Based primarily on Bose and Jalal
Jalal, Democracy and Authoritarianism
India achieves independence and incorporates West Bengal and Assam
Pakistan is created; incorporates East Bengal (the East Wing, or East Pakistan) and territory in the northwest (the West Wing, or West Pakistan);
Jinnah becomes governor general of Pakistan; Nehru, the PM of India
India’s two goals emerging from the struggle
What did this mean for the Pakistani state?
Link to map and timeline
1971-5: The Mujib era. This is the formative period, associated with a strong
nationalist and statist fervour, with Mujibur Rahman and his
party Awami League in power;
1977-81: The Zia regime. This is the beginning of military rule in
Bangladesh, marked by the adoption of Islam in the constitution;
1982-91: The Ershad regime. Military rule, and declaration of Islam as state religion;
1991-6: the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) regime, with Khaleda Zia as Prime Minister;
1996-2000: The second Awami League regime, with Sheik Hasina as leader;
2001-2006: Coalition government headed by the BNP
2006-present: Caretaker government, postponement of elections, declaration of a state of Emergency and political violence