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Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions. Power distance Uncertainty avoidance Individualism vs. Collectivism Masculinity vs.Femininity Long-term vs. short-term. Selected Countries on the Uncertainty Avoidance & Masculinity Scales. Uncertainty Avoidance Index. Status Quo. Risk-taking. Fem. SWE.

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Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions

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Hofstede s cultural dimensions l.jpg

Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions

  • Power distance

  • Uncertainty avoidance

  • Individualism vs. Collectivism

  • Masculinity vs.Femininity

  • Long-term vs. short-term


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Selected Countries on theUncertainty Avoidance & Masculinity Scales

  • Uncertainty Avoidance Index

Status Quo

Risk-taking

Fem

SWE

YUG

FRAN

SPN

SING

Masculinity Index

GRE

HK

GER

SO

AMER

So

AMER

USA

GB

Masc

JAPAN


Selected countries on the uncertainty avoidance power distance scales l.jpg

Selected Countries on theUncertainty Avoidance & Power Distance Scales

  • Uncertainty Avoidance Index

High - Status Quo

Risk-taking -Low

Low

SWE

GER

GB

USA

Power Distance Index

JAPAN

SPN

GRE

FRAN

SO

AMER

YUG

HK

SING

IND

PHIL

High


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Congressional Legislation

  • Reconstruction Civil Rights Acts

  • Equal Pay Act (1963)

    • men & women paid equally for equal work

  • Title VII of Civil Rights Act (1964)

    • covers race,color,religion,sex and national origin

    • 15 or more employees

  • Age Discrimination Act (1967)

    • over 40 years of age

    • 15 or more employees

  • Vocational Rehabilitation Act (1973)

    • affirmative action for people with disabilities

IRWIN

  • a Times Mirror Higher Education Group, Inc., company, 1997


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Congressional Legislation(cont.)

  • Vietnam Era Veteran’s Readjustment Act (1974)

    • affirmative action for Vietnam vets

  • Civil Rights Act (1991)

    • adds compensatory and punitive damages

  • Americans with Disabilites Act (1990)

    • prohibits discrimination based on disability

    • “reasonable accomodation”

    • determine “essential” job functions

  • Family and Medical Leave Act (1993)

    • 12 weeks of unpaid leave

    • firms with more than 50 employees

IRWIN

  • a Times Mirror Higher Education Group, Inc., company, 1997


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Executive Orders

  • Number 11246

    • affirmative action targets for

      women & minorities

  • Number 11478

    • government employment policies based on merit & fitness

IRWIN

  • a Times Mirror Higher Education Group, Inc., company, 1997


Affirmative action plans l.jpg

Affirmative Action Plans

  • Utilization analysis

  • Goals and timetables

  • Action steps

have three basic components:

IRWIN

  • a Times Mirror Higher Education Group, Inc., company, 1997


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Types of Discrimination

Disparate

Treatment

Disparate

Impact

Pattern or

Practice

- Yes

- member of

protected group

- show BFOQ

- reason a pretext

- compensatory/

punitive

- McDonnell Douglas

v. Green

Hopkins v. Price

Waterhouse

- No

- statistical

disparity

- show job

relatedness

- other ways

exist

- equitable relief

- Griggs v. Duke

Power

Wards Cove v.

Atonio

- Yes

- statistical

disparity &

individual cases

- workforce need

not mirror

population

- compensatory/

punitive

- Hazelwood

School District

v. U.S.

- Show intent?

- Prima facie

case

- Employer’s

defense

- Plaintiff’s

rebuttal

- Damages

- Key

litigation

IRWIN

  • a Times Mirror Higher Education Group, Inc., company, 1997


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Current Diversity Issues

  • Sexual Harassment

    • Bundy v. Jackson “quid pro quo”

    • Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson

      hostile working environment

  • Affirmative action & reverse discriminatrion

  • Americans with Disabitilies Act

  • Religious Discrimination

IRWIN

  • a Times Mirror Higher Education Group, Inc., company, 1997


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