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Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions. Power distance Uncertainty avoidance Individualism vs. Collectivism Masculinity vs.Femininity Long-term vs. short-term. Selected Countries on the Uncertainty Avoidance & Masculinity Scales. Uncertainty Avoidance Index. Status Quo. Risk-taking. Fem. SWE.

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Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions

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Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions

  • Power distance

  • Uncertainty avoidance

  • Individualism vs. Collectivism

  • Masculinity vs.Femininity

  • Long-term vs. short-term


Selected Countries on theUncertainty Avoidance & Masculinity Scales

  • Uncertainty Avoidance Index

Status Quo

Risk-taking

Fem

SWE

YUG

FRAN

SPN

SING

Masculinity Index

GRE

HK

GER

SO

AMER

So

AMER

USA

GB

Masc

JAPAN


Selected Countries on theUncertainty Avoidance & Power Distance Scales

  • Uncertainty Avoidance Index

High - Status Quo

Risk-taking -Low

Low

SWE

GER

GB

USA

Power Distance Index

JAPAN

SPN

GRE

FRAN

SO

AMER

YUG

HK

SING

IND

PHIL

High


Congressional Legislation

  • Reconstruction Civil Rights Acts

  • Equal Pay Act (1963)

    • men & women paid equally for equal work

  • Title VII of Civil Rights Act (1964)

    • covers race,color,religion,sex and national origin

    • 15 or more employees

  • Age Discrimination Act (1967)

    • over 40 years of age

    • 15 or more employees

  • Vocational Rehabilitation Act (1973)

    • affirmative action for people with disabilities

IRWIN

  • a Times Mirror Higher Education Group, Inc., company, 1997


Congressional Legislation(cont.)

  • Vietnam Era Veteran’s Readjustment Act (1974)

    • affirmative action for Vietnam vets

  • Civil Rights Act (1991)

    • adds compensatory and punitive damages

  • Americans with Disabilites Act (1990)

    • prohibits discrimination based on disability

    • “reasonable accomodation”

    • determine “essential” job functions

  • Family and Medical Leave Act (1993)

    • 12 weeks of unpaid leave

    • firms with more than 50 employees

IRWIN

  • a Times Mirror Higher Education Group, Inc., company, 1997


Executive Orders

  • Number 11246

    • affirmative action targets for

      women & minorities

  • Number 11478

    • government employment policies based on merit & fitness

IRWIN

  • a Times Mirror Higher Education Group, Inc., company, 1997


Affirmative Action Plans

  • Utilization analysis

  • Goals and timetables

  • Action steps

have three basic components:

IRWIN

  • a Times Mirror Higher Education Group, Inc., company, 1997


Types of Discrimination

Disparate

Treatment

Disparate

Impact

Pattern or

Practice

- Yes

- member of

protected group

- show BFOQ

- reason a pretext

- compensatory/

punitive

- McDonnell Douglas

v. Green

Hopkins v. Price

Waterhouse

- No

- statistical

disparity

- show job

relatedness

- other ways

exist

- equitable relief

- Griggs v. Duke

Power

Wards Cove v.

Atonio

- Yes

- statistical

disparity &

individual cases

- workforce need

not mirror

population

- compensatory/

punitive

- Hazelwood

School District

v. U.S.

- Show intent?

- Prima facie

case

- Employer’s

defense

- Plaintiff’s

rebuttal

- Damages

- Key

litigation

IRWIN

  • a Times Mirror Higher Education Group, Inc., company, 1997


Current Diversity Issues

  • Sexual Harassment

    • Bundy v. Jackson “quid pro quo”

    • Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson

      hostile working environment

  • Affirmative action & reverse discriminatrion

  • Americans with Disabitilies Act

  • Religious Discrimination

IRWIN

  • a Times Mirror Higher Education Group, Inc., company, 1997


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