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Computers: Tools for an Information Age Chapter 9 Social and Ethical Issues in Computing: Doing the Right Thing Objectives Identify the social issues and ethics in computing Understand the digital divide social issue and its effect in society List and describe the workplace issues

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Computers: Tools for an Information Age

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Computers:Tools for an Information Age

Chapter 9

Social and Ethical Issues in Computing:

Doing the Right Thing

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall


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Objectives

  • Identify the social issues and ethics in computing

  • Understand the digital divide social issue and its effect in society

  • List and describe the workplace issues

  • Describe the international and national legal issues

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall


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Objectives

  • List different methods that are already available for protecting children on the Internet

  • Explain the significance of the ethics in computing

  • Explain the significance of intellectual property rights

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall


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The Digital Divide

  • Separates the computing haves from the have-nots

  • Several initiatives exist to narrow the divide

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall


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Workplace Issues

  • Healthy computing

  • Employee monitoring

  • Environmental concerns

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall


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Healthy Computing

  • A number of health questions have been raised

    • Harmful emissions from monitor

    • Eyestrain from monitor

    • Back pain from position of chair and desk

    • Repetitive strain injury

Return

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall


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Ergonomics

  • Refers to human factors related to the use of computers

  • Ergonomic equipment

  • Ergonomic behavior

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall


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Employee Monitoring

  • Various tools allow an employer to monitor an employee’s performance

    • Keystroke monitors measure keystrokes per second

    • Other software tools monitor how long an employee is away from the computer

    • Monitor the files stored on the hard drive

    • Monitor the sites visited on the Internet

  • Many companies have policies that notify employees about monitoring practices

Return

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall


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Environmental Concerns

  • Power consumption

  • Computer supplies

  • PC disposal

Return

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall


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Jurisdictional Issues

  • International issues

    • Applying national laws to a world-wide medium is a difficult process

      • It would be impossible to determine if the content of every Web site was legal according to the laws of every country

    • Issues exist over which country’s court has jurisdiction

  • National issues

    • Issues exist over which locality’s court has jurisdiction

    • Imposition of sales taxes on Internet transactions

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall


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Protecting Children on the Internet

  • The Internet offers many opportunities for children

    • There are also unsavory elements on the Internet

  • Ways to protect children

    • Blocking software

    • Child monitoring

    • Laws to protect children

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall


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Ethics in Computing

  • Ethics – standards of moral conduct

    • Used to help determine the proper course of action in difficult situations

  • Computing Issues

    • Computer ethics

    • Professional ethics

    • Programmer responsibility

    • Ethical use of computers

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall


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Intellectual Property Rights

  • Refers to results of intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary, or artistic fields

  • U.S. Copyright Act provides protection in three areas

    • Copyrights

    • Patents

    • Trademarks

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall


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