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Computers: Tools for an Information Age Chapter 9 Social and Ethical Issues in Computing: Doing the Right Thing Objectives Identify the social issues and ethics in computing Understand the digital divide social issue and its effect in society List and describe the workplace issues

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computers tools for an information age

Computers:Tools for an Information Age

Chapter 9

Social and Ethical Issues in Computing:

Doing the Right Thing

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

objectives
Objectives
  • Identify the social issues and ethics in computing
  • Understand the digital divide social issue and its effect in society
  • List and describe the workplace issues
  • Describe the international and national legal issues

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

objectives3
Objectives
  • List different methods that are already available for protecting children on the Internet
  • Explain the significance of the ethics in computing
  • Explain the significance of intellectual property rights

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

the digital divide
The Digital Divide
  • Separates the computing haves from the have-nots
  • Several initiatives exist to narrow the divide

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

workplace issues
Workplace Issues
  • Healthy computing
  • Employee monitoring
  • Environmental concerns

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

healthy computing
Healthy Computing
  • A number of health questions have been raised
    • Harmful emissions from monitor
    • Eyestrain from monitor
    • Back pain from position of chair and desk
    • Repetitive strain injury

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Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

ergonomics
Ergonomics
  • Refers to human factors related to the use of computers
  • Ergonomic equipment
  • Ergonomic behavior

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

employee monitoring
Employee Monitoring
  • Various tools allow an employer to monitor an employee’s performance
    • Keystroke monitors measure keystrokes per second
    • Other software tools monitor how long an employee is away from the computer
    • Monitor the files stored on the hard drive
    • Monitor the sites visited on the Internet
  • Many companies have policies that notify employees about monitoring practices

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Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

environmental concerns
Environmental Concerns
  • Power consumption
  • Computer supplies
  • PC disposal

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jurisdictional issues
Jurisdictional Issues
  • International issues
    • Applying national laws to a world-wide medium is a difficult process
      • It would be impossible to determine if the content of every Web site was legal according to the laws of every country
    • Issues exist over which country’s court has jurisdiction
  • National issues
    • Issues exist over which locality’s court has jurisdiction
    • Imposition of sales taxes on Internet transactions

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

protecting children on the internet
Protecting Children on the Internet
  • The Internet offers many opportunities for children
    • There are also unsavory elements on the Internet
  • Ways to protect children
    • Blocking software
    • Child monitoring
    • Laws to protect children

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

ethics in computing
Ethics in Computing
  • Ethics – standards of moral conduct
    • Used to help determine the proper course of action in difficult situations
  • Computing Issues
    • Computer ethics
    • Professional ethics
    • Programmer responsibility
    • Ethical use of computers

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

intellectual property rights
Intellectual Property Rights
  • Refers to results of intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary, or artistic fields
  • U.S. Copyright Act provides protection in three areas
    • Copyrights
    • Patents
    • Trademarks

Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

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