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Child Marriage PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys- MICS3 Analysis and Report Writing Workshop Panama City, July 12-20, 2006 Child Marriage Indicators Marriage before age 15 and age 18 Young women aged 15-19 years currently married or in union Spousal age difference Polygyny Goals

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Child Marriage

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Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys- MICS3

Analysis and Report Writing Workshop

Panama City, July 12-20, 2006

Child Marriage


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Indicators

  • Marriage before age 15 and age 18

  • Young women aged 15-19 years currently married or in union

  • Spousal age difference

  • Polygyny


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Goals

  • World Fit for Children (WFFC)

  • Protecting children against abuse, exploitation and violence and under general protection to

  • End harmful traditional or customary practices, such as early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation, which violates the rights of children and women

  • Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

  • The MD declaration calls for the protection of children against abuse, exploitation and violence but no goal, target or indicator is included


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Why to measure child marriage?

  • Reasons:

  • Identify the magnitude of the problem as well as its characteristics

  • Evaluate impact of programs and interventions based on trends


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Which is the approach in MICS3?

  • Estimation of indicators based on household survey

  • Present obtained results by background variables

  • Promote the design and implementation of further analysis of the main determinants of this practice


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Which countries included the child marraige module in MICS3?

  • 5 out of 7

  • Dominican Republic, Guyana, Jamaica, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago

  • Belize or Cuba did not

  • Mongolia?


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Marriage before age 15 and age 18

  • Numerator:

  • Number of women that were first married or in union by the exact age of 15 and the exact age of 18 by age groups

  • Denominator:

  • Total number of women aged 15-49 years and 20-49 years surveyed, by age groups


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Young women aged 15-19 years currently married or in union

  • Numerator:

  • Number of women aged 15-19 years currently married or in union

  • Denominator:

  • Total number of women aged 15-19 years surveyed


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SPSS Program

  • Generates basic table: CP.5

  • Generates

    • percentages of women 15-49 years of age married or in first union before their 15th birthday

    • percentages of women 20-49 years of age married or in first union before their 18th birthday

    • The percentage of women 15-19 years that were married or in union at the moment of the survey


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Spousal age difference

  • Numerator:

  • Number of women married/in union aged 15-19 years and 20-24 years with a difference in age of 10 or more years between them and their current spouse

  • Denominator:

  • Total number of women aged 15-19 and 20-24 years surveyed that are currently married or in union


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SPSS Program

  • Generates basic table: CP 6

  • Generates

    • Percentage of women 15-19 years of age currently married/in union by groups of age difference with their current spouse

    • Percentage of women 20-24 years of age currently married/in union by groups of age difference with their current spouse


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Methodologicalissues

  • Best to report on marriage/union before age 18 only among women 20-24, 25-29, etc.

  • Trends in the proportion of marriage/union before age 15 can be obtained by comparing age cohorts 15-19, 20-24, 25-29, etc

  • Spousal age differences are produced using the age of the current husband


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Thank you!


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