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Ch. 7: Personal Health E.Q.: Why is so important to take care of our personal hygiene? Lesson 2: Healthy Teeth and Mouth

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Ch 7 personal health e q why is so important to take care of our personal hygiene l.jpg

Ch. 7: Personal HealthE.Q.: Why is so important to take care of our personal hygiene?

Lesson 2: Healthy Teeth and Mouth

Bell Work: Divide paper into these 4 categories: parts of the tooth, parts of the mouth, mouth disorders, and teeth disorders. Now put the health terms (pg. 167) in one of these categories.


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Lesson ObjectivesStudents will be able to…

  • Describe the structure and functions of the teeth and mouth.

  • Define periodontal disease and explain its causes and methods of prevention.


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Periodontium

Pulp

Plaque

Periodontal disease

tartar

Health Term to Know


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Your Teeth

  • Most noticeable contributor to the appearance

  • Periodontium is the area immediately around the teeth

    • Gums

    • Periodontal ligaments

    • Jawbone

    • All support teeth

  • Tooth

    • Root

    • Neck

    • Crown

  • Pulp is the living tissue inside the tooth


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Comparing Health and Beauty

  • Turn to pg. 168

    • If it sounds too good to be true, it probably is.

    • Be alert to key words

    • Read the fine print

    • Consult a dental professional


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Healthy Teeth and Mouth

  • Brushing doesn’t get to hard to reach areas so need to floss

    • Flossing removes plaque

      • A sticky colorless film that acts on sugar to form acids that destroy tooth enamel and irritate gums

  • Fluoride helps prevent tooth decay

    • In our water supply

  • Regular visits to a dental care professional

  • Good food choices are important too!

    • Avoid sweets unless you brush immediately

    • Eat foods that have phosphorus, vitamin C and D

  • Avoid smoking and use of smokeless tobacco

    • Causes oral cancer


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Periodontal Disease

  • An inflammation of the periodontal structures

    • Preventable

    • Caused by bacteria from plaque

    • Tartar is hard crust like substance that was plaque not removed fast enough

      • Irritates underlying bone and gums

    • Plaque eats into the enamel and spreads to the dentin

      • Nears the pulp becomes more sensitive

      • Expose nerve is the toothache

    • Tooth becomes infected when the decay progresses

      • Called an abscessed tooth

      • Can spread into sinuses


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Other Problems of the Teeth and Mouth

  • Halitosis

    • Medical term for bad breath

    • Caused by decaying teeth, eating certain foods, smoking, and mouth infection

  • Gingivitis

    • Gums become red and swollen and bleed easily

  • Periodontitis

    • Gingivitis goes untreated it turns into this

    • Bone surrounding the teeth gradually deteriorates causing teeth to fall out

  • Malocclusion

    • Teeth of the upper and lower jaw do not align properly

    • Can lead to decay and disease

    • Could affect person’s speech and ability to chew


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You have 5 minutes!

You may use your notes!

You may only use pen; NOT pencil or RED pen!

When you are finished sit quietly and wait for others to finish!

Quiz Time!


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TIME IS UP!

  • Take out RED pen.

  • I will read the correct responses aloud.

  • Mark the ones incorrect with an “X” over the correct answer!

  • When we are finished write the correct amount out of 10 in box at bottom of page

  • Do NOT multiply by 10!


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Ticket Out the Door

  • Turn in Quiz

    • 1st period 1st shelf

    • 2nd period 2nd shelf

  • Have a good day!


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