Chapter 9 1 basic principles of the us constitution
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Chapter 9.1 Basic Principles of the US Constitution. The Constitution is the foundation on which our government and society are based. There are 7 Articles! Articles = sections. We are going to cover the first 3!. U.S. Constitution, Article I establishes Legislative Branch.

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Chapter 9.1 Basic Principles of the US Constitution

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Chapter 9 1 basic principles of the us constitution

Chapter 9.1 Basic Principles of the US Constitution

  • The Constitution is the foundation on which our government and society are based.

  • There are 7 Articles!

    • Articles = sections.

      • We are going to cover the first 3!


U s constitution article i establishes legislative branch

U.S. Constitution, Article Iestablishes Legislative Branch

  • Bicameral ( 2 houses)

    • Senate and House of Representatives

  • Senate

    • 100 members

      • 2 from each state

      • 6 year terms in office

  • House of Representatives

    • 435 members

      • Based on population

      • 2 year terms in office


U s constitution article ii establishes executive branch

U.S. Constitution, Article IIestablishes Executive branch

  • Led by President of the United States

    • Approves or vetoes laws made by Congress

    • Appoints federal court judges

    • Negotiates treaties with foreign nations

  • Commander in Chief

    • Of all branches of the military in the United States

      • Marines, Army, Navy, Coast Guard, and Air Force


U s constitution article iii established judicial branch

U.S. Constitution, Article IIIestablished Judicial Branch

  • Supreme Court

    • Interprets the meaning of laws

    • Rules whether laws passed by Congress are constitutional or not

    • Rules whether POTUS has acted accordingly

      • Done when Congress tries to impeach POTUS

        • Vote to remove president from office.


U s constitution article iv

U.S. Constitution, Article IV

  • Gives ‘full faith and credit’ to each States

    • Forces other states to recognize all government acts done by any state

      • Drivers license

      • Marriage documents

      • Birth records


U s constitution article v

U.S. Constitution, Article V

  • Congress can propose Amendments to the US Constitution with 2/3 votes by States.

  • There are 27 amendments today added to the US Constitution!

    • Can you name any?


U s constitution article vi

U.S. Constitution, Article VI

  • All debts owned by America at time of ratification will be recognized and must be paid back.

  • Also, stipulates that the US Constitution is the ‘supreme law of the land’

    • Even over any state Constitutions.


U s constitution article vii

U.S. Constitution, Article VII

  • Stipulates 9 out of 13 states must sign the Constitution in order for it to be ratified.


So why does the constitution work

So, why does the Constitution work?

  • It separates each branches powers!

    • No one holds “too much” power

      • Legislative branch makes the laws

      • Executive branch carries out the laws

      • Judicial branch interprets the laws


Checks and balances

Checks and Balances

  • US Constitution prevents the abuse of power by one branch of government by another.

  • How?

    • Checks and balances

      • Each government has a power over the another.


Powers of the federal government given by the constitution

Powers of the federal government given by the Constitution

  • Called delegated powers:

    • Powers written specifically in the Constitution

      • Make money

      • Maintain military

      • Establish foreign policy

      • Declare war on other countries


Powers given to state governments by the us constitution

Powers Given to State Governments by the US Constitution

  • Reserved Powers

    • Powers given directly to state governments

      • Examples:

        • Regulate trade within a state

        • Establish local governments

        • Conduct local elections

        • Establish public school systems


Powers shared by federal and state governments

Powers shared by federal and state governments

  • Concurrent Powers

    • Powers that the federal and state governments share.

    • Examples:

      • Both federal and states can:

        • Establish and enforce laws

        • Collect taxes

        • Borrow money


Review questions

Review Questions

  • Which branch is established by Article I of the U.S. Constitution?

  • Which branch can declare war on another country?

  • What are delegated powers?

  • What are reserved powers?


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