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Chapter 9.1 Basic Principles of the US Constitution. The Constitution is the foundation on which our government and society are based. There are 7 Articles! Articles = sections. We are going to cover the first 3!. U.S. Constitution, Article I establishes Legislative Branch.

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chapter 9 1 basic principles of the us constitution
Chapter 9.1 Basic Principles of the US Constitution
  • The Constitution is the foundation on which our government and society are based.
  • There are 7 Articles!
    • Articles = sections.
      • We are going to cover the first 3!
u s constitution article i establishes legislative branch
U.S. Constitution, Article Iestablishes Legislative Branch
  • Bicameral ( 2 houses)
    • Senate and House of Representatives
  • Senate
    • 100 members
      • 2 from each state
      • 6 year terms in office
  • House of Representatives
    • 435 members
      • Based on population
      • 2 year terms in office
u s constitution article ii establishes executive branch
U.S. Constitution, Article IIestablishes Executive branch
  • Led by President of the United States
    • Approves or vetoes laws made by Congress
    • Appoints federal court judges
    • Negotiates treaties with foreign nations
  • Commander in Chief
    • Of all branches of the military in the United States
      • Marines, Army, Navy, Coast Guard, and Air Force
u s constitution article iii established judicial branch
U.S. Constitution, Article IIIestablished Judicial Branch
  • Supreme Court
    • Interprets the meaning of laws
    • Rules whether laws passed by Congress are constitutional or not
    • Rules whether POTUS has acted accordingly
      • Done when Congress tries to impeach POTUS
        • Vote to remove president from office.
u s constitution article iv
U.S. Constitution, Article IV
  • Gives ‘full faith and credit’ to each States
    • Forces other states to recognize all government acts done by any state
      • Drivers license
      • Marriage documents
      • Birth records
u s constitution article v
U.S. Constitution, Article V
  • Congress can propose Amendments to the US Constitution with 2/3 votes by States.
  • There are 27 amendments today added to the US Constitution!
    • Can you name any?
u s constitution article vi
U.S. Constitution, Article VI
  • All debts owned by America at time of ratification will be recognized and must be paid back.
  • Also, stipulates that the US Constitution is the ‘supreme law of the land’
    • Even over any state Constitutions.
u s constitution article vii
U.S. Constitution, Article VII
  • Stipulates 9 out of 13 states must sign the Constitution in order for it to be ratified.
so why does the constitution work
So, why does the Constitution work?
  • It separates each branches powers!
    • No one holds “too much” power
      • Legislative branch makes the laws
      • Executive branch carries out the laws
      • Judicial branch interprets the laws
checks and balances
Checks and Balances
  • US Constitution prevents the abuse of power by one branch of government by another.
  • How?
    • Checks and balances
      • Each government has a power over the another.
powers of the federal government given by the constitution
Powers of the federal government given by the Constitution
  • Called delegated powers:
    • Powers written specifically in the Constitution
      • Make money
      • Maintain military
      • Establish foreign policy
      • Declare war on other countries
powers given to state governments by the us constitution
Powers Given to State Governments by the US Constitution
  • Reserved Powers
    • Powers given directly to state governments
      • Examples:
        • Regulate trade within a state
        • Establish local governments
        • Conduct local elections
        • Establish public school systems
powers shared by federal and state governments
Powers shared by federal and state governments
  • Concurrent Powers
    • Powers that the federal and state governments share.
    • Examples:
      • Both federal and states can:
        • Establish and enforce laws
        • Collect taxes
        • Borrow money
review questions
Review Questions
  • Which branch is established by Article I of the U.S. Constitution?
  • Which branch can declare war on another country?
  • What are delegated powers?
  • What are reserved powers?
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