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The Impressionist and Modern Eras. Name: ___________________________________Date: _________________. Impressionism. 1880 – 1925. Dates:. Represented water & light. Characteristic 1: Characteristic 2: Characteristic 3:. Used whole tone scale. Distinctly French. Whole tone scale.

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The Impressionist and Modern Eras

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The Impressionist and

Modern Eras

Name: ___________________________________Date: _________________


1880 – 1925


Represented water & light

Characteristic 1:

Characteristic 2:

Characteristic 3:

Used whole tone scale

Distinctly French

Whole tone scale

C D E F# G# A#

C# D# F G A B

All whole steps

Claude Debussy

Influential 4th/5th harmony, water music

Maurice Ravel

Orchestral Impressionism - Bolero

“Before I compose a piece, I walk

round it

several times, accompanied

by myself."

1866 – 1925


1. Unusual person

2. Got rid of elements of music such as time signature

3. Wrote “furniture music”

Modern Music


1900 to present

Logical and mathematical

Characteristic 1:

Characteristic 2:

Characteristic 3:


Abandons tonality (no key)


Use classical rules of structure and composition, but create new, 20th century sound.

12 tone composition

Piece that uses all 12 notes before it returns to repeat a note.


Not in any key.


Very little movement, few note names, slow changes.

Quarter Tone

Not used in western music until modern – smaller than a half step (cannot produce on piano)

Chance Music

Aleatoric music – relies on some chance to determine how it is performed (dice, darts, etc.)

Modern Composers

Arnold Schoenberg

12 tone music

George Gershwin

American jazzy


Paul Hindemith



Modern Composers

Igor Stravinsky

Rite of Spring –


Aaron Copland

American folk

in orchestra style

John Cage

“What is sound?”

Class Work

Name: _____________________________________

Date: ______________________________________

Listening Activity #1

Piece Title Year Descriptive Word Like Y/N


Concerto for Cello and Orch.


Fanfare for the Common Man


West End Blues


Concerto in F


“Cool” from W.S.S.




Nacht (Night)


Tambourine Man



Listening Activity #2

Respond to this question while listening to music from the Rite of Spring.

Why do you think people reacted so violently to the performance of the Rite of Spring? Would it be possible for you to go to a concert and have that kind of reaction?

Listening Activity #3

How does each piece give you the feeling of war victims? Think. Each answer is worth three points: 1) Complete sentence, 2) Includes at least one unique descriptive adjective (not the same adjective for each piece) and 3) Includes at least one musical term (melody, harmony, dynamics, timbre, tempo, etc.)

Example: This piece has harsh sounding harmonies which represent the painful emotions that victims in war experience.

Piece 1: A Survivor From Warsaw

Piece 2: A Quartet for the End of Time

Piece 3: Threnody for the Victims of Hiroshima

Piece 4: Black Angels

Listening Activity #4

Sounds You Hear Music? Why or why not?

Listening Activity #5

Why it IS music Why it ISN’T music

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