Joan r cates mph national std prevention conference march 10 2004
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Joan R. Cates, MPH National STD Prevention Conference March 10, 2004. Talking with the Media about Youth and STDs. Window of Opportunity. First time total estimates of STD incidence and prevalence in youth from CDC First time total economic costs of STDs in youth from CDC

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Talking with the Media about Youth and STDs

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Joan r cates mph national std prevention conference march 10 2004

Joan R. Cates, MPH

National STD Prevention Conference

March 10, 2004

Talking with the Media about Youth and STDs


Window of opportunity

Window of Opportunity

  • First time total estimates of STD incidence and prevalence in youth from CDC

  • First time total economic costs of STDs in youth from CDC

  • Companion report from University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill on behavioral factors and suggested solutions


Incidence ages 15 24 year 2000

Incidence, Ages 15-24, Year 2000

  • Hepatitis B7,500

  • Syphilis8,200

  • HIV15,000

  • Gonorrhea431,000

  • Genital herpes640,000

  • Chlamydia1,500,000

  • Trichomoniasis1,900,000

  • HPV4,600,000

    TOTAL>9,000,000


Prevalence ages 15 24 year 2000

Prevalence, Ages 15-24, Year 2000

  • Chlamydia1,000,000

  • Genital herpes4,200,000

  • HPV9,200,000

    TOTAL>14,000,000


Lifetime direct medical costs for stds in youth 2000

Lifetime Direct Medical Costs for STDs in Youth, 2000

  • Syphilis$3,600,000

  • Hepatitis B $5,800,000

  • Trichomoniasis$34,200,000

  • Gonorrhea$77,000,000

  • Chlamydia$248,400,000

  • Genital herpes$292,700,000

  • HPV$2,900,000,000

  • HIV/AIDS$3,000,000,000

    TOTAL$6,500,000,000


Unc report

UNC Report

  • Youth are vulnerable to lifelong consequences

  • No one solution for all youth

  • Silence makes the problem worse

  • Families, communities, and society at large have influence


Journalists want

Journalists want . . .

  • Timeliness

  • Size

  • Oddity

  • Importance

  • Proximity


Timeliness

Timeliness

  • First time total estimates of STD incidence and prevalence in youth

  • First time total economic costs of STDs in youth

  • Companion report on behavioral factors


Talking with the media about youth and stds

Size

  • Half of all new STDs each year are in youth 15-24

  • Over 9 million new cases of STDs each year in youth

  • One year of STDs in youth costs health care system $6.5 billion over lifetime


Oddity

Oddity

  • STDs are most often “silent” and go undetected

  • STDs hit young women the hardest

  • Undetected and untreated STDs can have serious lifelong consequences


Importance

Importance

  • STDs are preventable

    • Avoid exposure

    • Abstinence, uninfected partner, condoms

  • STDs are detectable

    • Screening

    • Diagnostic tests

  • STDs are treatable

    • Cure bacterial infections

    • Manage viral infections


Proximity

Proximity

  • One out of two sexually active youth will get an STD by age of 25

  • Not doing all we can to fight these infections

    • Communication

    • Education

    • Access to services

    • Use of technologies


Most stds are undetected

Most STDs Are Undetected


Undetected stds affect females more than males

Undetected STDs Affect Females more than Males


Undetected untreated stds cost

Undetected, Untreated STDs Cost $$$


Tell the std stories

Tell the STD Stories . . .

  • Our Voices, Our Lives, Our Futures: Youth and STDs

  • www.jomc.unc.edu

  • [email protected]


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