[ksy foHkkx] mÙkjk[k.M “kklu
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[ksy foHkkx] mÙkjk[k.M “kklu. ^^y{;**. foHkkxh; ;kstukvksa dk lapkyu djuk] jk’Vªh; rFkk vUrjkZ’Vªh; Lrj ij [ksy izfrHkkvksa dks fodflr djuk lkFk gh [ksy laLd`fr dk lekt esa izpkj ,oa izlkj djukA. mn~ns”; rFkk fo”ks’krk;sa.

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^^y{;**

foHkkxh; ;kstukvksa dk lapkyu djuk] jk’Vªh; rFkk vUrjkZ’Vªh; Lrj ij [ksy izfrHkkvksa dks fodflr djuk lkFk gh [ksy laLd`fr dk lekt esa izpkj ,oa izlkj djukA


Mn ns rfkk fo ks krk sa
mn~ns”; rFkk fo”ks’krk;sa

  • leLr ftyksa esa izfl} ,oa yksdfiz; [ksyksa ls lEcfU/kr izf”k{k.k f”kfojksa dk v;kstu djuk A

  • [ksy izfrHkkvksa dks mPp Lrjh; izfr;ksfxrkvksa dh rS;kjh djkus gsrq jkT; ds leLr ftyksa esa [ksy izf”k{k.k f”kfojksa dk vk;kstu djukA

  • leLr ftyksa esa voLFkkiuk lqfo/kkvksa dk fodkl djukA

  • jk’Vªh; rFkk vUrjkZ’Vªh; f[kykfM+;ksa dks izksRlkfgr ,oa lEekfur djukA




Ksy fohkkx dh eq kstuk sa
[ksy foHkkx dh eq[; ;kstuk;sa

  • HkwriwoZ izfl} f[kykfM+;ksa rFkk igyokuksa dks foÙkh; lgk;rk

  • vkoklh; dzhM+k Nk=kokl ds f[kykfM+;ksa ij O;;

  • fof'k"V f[kykfM+;ksa dks izns'kh; iqjLdkj

  • usg: ioZrkjksg.k laLFkk dks vuqnku

  • jk"Vªh; izfr;ksfxrkvksa esa Hkkx ysus okyh izns'kh; Vhe ds f[kykfM+;ksa gsrq fdV dh O;oLFkk

  • jk"Vªh; izfr;ksfxrkvksa ds fotsrk f[kykfM+;ksa dks iqjLdkj

  • inzs'kh; dzhM+k la?kksa] Dycksa ,oa vU; dzhM+k la?kksa vkfn dks izfr;ksfxrkvksa ds vk;kstu djus ,oa [skydwn miLdj dz; gsrq vukorZd vuqnku


  • LiksV~Zl dkWyst dks vuqnku

  • izfr;ksfxrvksa dk vk;sktu

  • izf'k{k.k f'kfojksa dk vk;kstu

  • vUrjkZ"Vªh; izfr;ksfxrk;sa

  • izns'kh; dzhM+k la?kksa ,oa Dycksa dks vkfFkZd lgk;rk

  • flfoy lfoZlat izfr;ksfxrkvksa esa Hkkx ysus okys f[kykfM+;ksa dks lgk;rk

  • lkmFk ,f'k;u 'khrdkyhu [ksyksa dk vk;kstu

  • voLFkkiuk lqfo/kkvksa dk fodkl





Ksy fohkkx ds fof k v izf k k k lalfkku
[ksy foHkkx ds fof”k’V izf”k{k.k laLFkku

  • LiksVZ~l dkWyst] nsgjknwu] ftlesa QqVckWy] ,FkysfVDl] ckWfDlax] okWyhckWy] gkWdh ,oa fdzdsV [ksyksa esa fo”ks’kKksa }kjk [ksy izf”k{k.k iznku fd;k tk jgk gSA LiksVZ~l dkWyst esa izf”k{k.k izkIr dj jgs f[kykfM+;ksa dks ljdkj }kjk fu%”kqYd lHkh lqfo/kk;sa miyC/k djk;h tk jgh gSA bu LiksVZ~l dkWyst ds f[kykfM+;ksa }kjk fofHkUu jk’Vªh; ,oa vUrjkZ’Vªh; izfr;ksfxrkvksa esa le;≤ ij mYys[kuh; lQyrk vftZr dj izns”k ,oa ns”k dk uke xkSjokafUor fd;k x;k gSA


  • nsgjknwu] gY}kuh ¼uSuhrky½ esa vkoklh; QqVckWy ØhM+k Nk=kokl] fiFkkSjkx<+ esa vkoklh; ,FkysfVDl ØhM+k Nk=kokl] dksV}kj ¼ikSM+h x<+oky½ esa vkoklh; ckWfDlax ØhM+k Nk=kokl ,oa vxLR;eqfu ¼:nziz;kx½ esa vkoklh; ,FkysfVDl ckfydk ØhM+k Nk=kokl LFkkfir @lapkfyr gSA bu Nk=koklks esa izf”k{k.k izkIr dj jgs f[kykfM+;ksa dks ljdkj }kjk fu%”kqYd lHkh lqfo/kk;sa miyC/k djk;h tk jgh gSA bu LiksVZ~l dkWyst ds f[kykfM+;ksa }kjk fofHkUu jk’Vªh; ,oa vUrjkZ’Vªh; izfr;ksfxrkvksa esa le;&le; ij mYys[kuh; lQyrk vftZr dj izns”k ,oa ns”k dk uke xkSjokafUor fd;k x;k gSA


Hkfo dh dk z kstuk
Hkfo’; dh dk;Z ;kstuk Nk=kokl] fiFkkSjkx<+ esa vkoklh; ,FkysfVDl ØhM+k Nk=kokl] dksV}kj ¼ikSM+h x<+oky½ esa vkoklh; ckWfDlax ØhM+k Nk=kokl ,oa vxLR;eqfu ¼:nziz;kx½ esa vkoklh; ,FkysfVDl ckfydk ØhM+k Nk=kokl LFkkfir @lapkfyr gSA bu Nk=koklks esa izf”k{k.k izkIr dj jgs f[kykfM+;ksa dks ljdkj }kjk fu%”kqYd lHkh lqfo/kk;sa miyC/k djk;h tk jgh gSA bu LiksVZ~l dkWyst ds f[kykfM+;ksa }kjk fofHkUu jk’Vªh; ,oa vUrjkZ’Vªh; izfr;ksfxrkvksa esa le;&le; ij mYys[kuh; lQyrk vftZr dj izns”k ,oa ns”k dk uke xkSjokafUor fd;k x;k gSA

voLFkkiuk lqfo/kk ds vUrxZr%&

  • ek0 eq[;ea=h th dh ?kks’k.kk ds vUrxZr th0vkbZ0,.M Vh0vkbZ0 Jhuxj esa LVsfM;eksa dk fuekZ.k] fd;k tkuk izLrkfor gS] ftl gsrq vuqijd ekWx ds ek/;e ls : 50-00 yk[k dk ctV izkfo/kku fd;k x;k gSA

  • Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk :0 5000 djksM+ dh voLFkkiuk lqfo/kkvksa ds izLrko miyC/k djk;s tkus gsrq fd;s x;s izLrko ds dze esa tuin nsgjknwu esa vUrjkZ’Vªh; Lrj ds LVsfM;e fuekZ.k dk izLrko Hkkjr ljdkj dks izsf’kr fd, tkus ij fopkj fd;k tk jgk gSA


  • ek0 eq[;ea=h th dh ?kks’k.kk ds vUrxZr ijsM xzkm.M esa ckWfDlax fjax dk fuekZ.k fd;k tkuk izLrkfor gSA

  • LiksV~Zl dkWyst jk;iqj] nsgjknwu esa d`f=e gkWdh eSnku rFkk flaFksfVd VªSd dk fuekZ.k fd;s tkuk izLrkfor gSA

  • gY}kuh ¼uSuhrky½ esa vUrjkZ’Vªh; Lrj dh lqfo/kkvksa ls ;qDr LVsfM;e fuekZ.k izLrkfor gSA bl laca/k esa 13osa foÙk vk;ksx ds vUrxZr Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk :0 25-00 djksM+ dh /kujkf”k laLrqr dh x;h gSA


fof”k’V izf”k{k.k dsUnz ckWfDlax fjax dk fuekZ.k fd;k tkuk izLrkfor gSA

  • y{ehckbZ jk’Vªh; “kkjhfjd f”k{kk laLFkku dh “kk[kk egkjk.kk izrki LiksVZ~l dkWyst] nsgjknwu esa [kksyh tkuh gSA

  • lkbZ Vªsfuax lsUVj dh LFkkiuk egkjk.kk izrki LiksVZ~l dkWyst] nsgjknwu esa dh tkuh gSaA

  • fiFkkSjkx<+ ds ysyw esa LiksVZ~l dkWyst [kksyk tkuk izLrkfor gS] ftl gsrq vuqiwjd ekWx ds ek/;e ls ou Hkwfe [ksy foHkkx ds i{k esa gLrkukUrfjr fd;s tkus ls iwoZ ,u0ih0oh0 dh /kujkf”k gsrq ctV dk izkfo/kku fd;k x;k gSA


l/kU;oknA ckWfDlax fjax dk fuekZ.k fd;k tkuk izLrkfor gSA


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