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Why Did Australia Fight In The Vietnam War? PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Why Did Australia Fight In The Vietnam War?. Why did we send 47,000 men and women to Vietnam?. Fear of communism. There was a growing fear of communism The invasion of the North Korean communists into democratic South Korea was seen as a threat to democracy

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Why Did Australia Fight In The Vietnam War?

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Why did australia fight in the vietnam war l.jpg

Why Did Australia Fight In The Vietnam War?

Why did we send 47,000 men and women to Vietnam?


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Fear of communism

  • There was a growing fear of communism

  • The invasion of the North Korean communists into democratic South Korea was seen as a threat to democracy

  • Sending troops to Vietnam was a move to support democracy


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Situation in Vietnam

  • Vietnam was once a colony of France

  • After WW2 the Vietnamese fought a war against the French and became an independent country

  • The leader of this fight was Ho Chi Minh

  • He was a communist leader in Vietnam

  • Vietnam split in two at the 17th parallel in 1954

    • The north was communist

    • The south was democratic

  • The presence of communists in Vietnam worried countries like Australia and USA


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The Domino Theory

  • Australian and American politicians felt that if Vietnam fell to communism then other countries such as Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia would also fall to the communists


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The Domino Theory


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Previous examples

  • Australia’s involvement in the Korean War 1950 - 1953

    • Communist North Korea was fighting democratic South Korea

  • The Malayan Emergency 1955

    • Communists were becoming influential and fighting a guerilla war in Malaya


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Previous examples

  • Australia’s involvement in the Korean War 1950 - 1953

    • Communist North Korea was fighting democratic South Korea

  • The Malayan Emergency 1955

    • Communists were becoming influential and fighting a guerilla war in Malaya


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PM Menzies…

  • We have decidedand this has been after close consultation with the Government of the United States to provide an infantry battalion for service in South Vietnam

  • There can be no doubt of the gravity of the situation in South Vietnam.

  • The takeover of South Vietnam would be a direct military threat to Australia and all the countries of South and South-East Asia. It must be seen as part of a thrust by Communist China between the Indian and Pacific Oceans.


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Alliances

  • ANZUS

  • The ANZUS agreement of 1951.

  • Australia, New Zealand and the United States agree to come to each other’s aid in the event of an attack


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Alliance

  • SEATO

  • The SEATO Treaty of 1954.

  • This treaty set out that action would be taken if the following countries were attacked: USA, Great Britain, France, Australia, New Zealand, Thailand or Pakistan.

  • South Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos were also guaranteed protection


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Australia sends troops to Vietnam

  • The Australian government felt that the best way to deal with communist threats was to send troops to the threat

  • In 1962 Australia sent 30 military advisers to assist US forces in South Vietnam


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Countries that went to war in Vietnam

  • Eight countries supported South Vietnam in its struggle with North Vietnam

    • United States of America

    • Australia

    • New Zealand

    • South Korea

    • The Philippines

    • Thailand

    • Spain

    • Taiwan


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Open conflict escalates

  • In 1964 the USA claimed that the North Vietnamese had bombed its ships in the Gulf of Tonkin off the coast of Vietnam

  • The USA began bombing raids on Vietnam


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Open conflict escalates

  • Australia sent its First Infantry Batallion and HMAS Sydney to Vietnam in 1965

  • Then, in 1966, Australia increased its military commitment in Vietnam by a factor of three

  • Total war decsended on Vietnam


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