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Roman Architecture PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Roman Architecture. Arches. The Romans used arches to support the things they built. They built victory arches, buildings and aqueducts. Aqueducts. Aqueducts- a way to carry water. There wasn’t enough water in the city of Rome. The Romans brought water in from the surrounding countryside.

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Roman Architecture

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Roman architecture l.jpg

RomanArchitecture


Arches l.jpg

Arches

  • The Romans used arches to support the things they built.

  • They built victory arches, buildings and aqueducts.


Aqueducts l.jpg

Aqueducts


Aqueducts a way to carry water l.jpg

Aqueducts- a way to carry water

  • There wasn’t enough water in the city of Rome.

  • The Romans brought water in from the surrounding countryside.

  • The water was brought in by tubes called aqueducts.


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Why arches?

  • Water is heavy stuff.

  • The Romans needed a structure strong enough to hold all that water to move it from the mountains into the city.


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Where did the water go?

  • The water was transported in concrete tunnels.

  • The tunnels were underground if possible.

  • Sometimes the tunnel had to go above ground.


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How did the aqueduct work?

  • The water flowed in a tube on the top of the aqueduct called a water channel.

  • The arches supported the water channel.


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What did the water channel look like?

  • The water flowed through a rectangular channel.

  • The channel was lined with concrete.

  • The Romans invented concrete.


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Where else did the Romans use arches?

Arches of Triumph

Buildings

Roofs


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Arches of Triumph-to celebrate military success


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The Coliseum-a place for sports


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The Coliseum- a blend of Greek and Roman architecture

  • The arches are supported by central columns.

  • The columns on the first floor are Doric.

  • The columns on the second floor are Ionic.

  • The columns on the third floor are Corinthian.


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The Pantheon-a temple to all the gods


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How does an arch work?Keystones

  • The keystone is the red stone at the top of the arch.

  • The keystone is what the weight rests on.


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How does an arch work?Voussoirs

  • The semi-circular stones on either side of the keystone are the voussoirs.

  • The voussoirs bring the weight to the columns that go to the ground.


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How does an arch work?Buttressing

  • The square or rectangular blocks between each arch are buttresses.

  • The buttresses make a column that takes the weight all the way to the ground.


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Modern arches

Office in Tyson’s Corner

Dominion Towers

US Capital

Hotel Roanoke


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Your Task

  • Go to your seat.

  • You are going to draw an arch.

  • Just follow your teacher’s directions and you can do it!


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First

  • Use the yogurt lid to draw a semi-circle.


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Second

  • Add legs to your semi-circle.

  • Now you have an arch.


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Third

  • Draw a smaller arch inside the first one.


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Fourth

  • Draw a Keystone at the top of the arch.


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Fifth

  • Now draw the Voussoirs that hold the Keystone in place.


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Sixth

  • Draw a second arch next to the first one.

  • Go through the same steps.


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Seventh

  • Connect the arches with buttresses.

  • You did it!

  • Success!


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