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Micah. God’s judgment and God’s love are real . Outline. Introduction Content Lessons learned Application. Introduction. Key Verse Micah 6:8

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Micah

God’s judgment and God’s love are real


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Outline

  • Introduction

  • Content

  • Lessons learned

  • Application


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Introduction

  • Key Verse

    Micah 6:8

    “He has showed you, O man, what is good. And what does the Lord require of you? To act justly and to love mercy and to walk humbly with your God.”

  • Author

    • Probably Micah, perhaps a collection of various prophets

  • Purpose

    • To warn the Jewish people of God’s coming judgment for their sin and disobedience. Also, to teach them to live with justice and holiness in anticipation of the messiah to come.

  • Time Period

    742-687 B.C.

    Reign of Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah

    Period of Assyrian Dominance


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  • Setting

    • Political tensions during the reign of Ahaz which led to subjection to Assyria

    • Hezekiah attempts to break free from Assyrian rule, but fails

    • The people worshipped God as an obligation, no life-changing reality

    • They didn’t walk humbly with God but instead failed to practice justice and pursued idolatry


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Who is Micah?

  • Micah means “Who is like Yahweh?”

  • The prophet of authentic worship/service to God and social justice

  • Contemporary of Isaiah and cited by Jeremiah as an anti-establishment prophet who was respected by the king

  • Southerner from Moresheth, from a rural background


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Content

Micah, The Book

  • Two basic parts

    • Chapters 1-5

      • Judgments and promises for Jerusalem and Samaria

    • Chapters 6-7

      • The trial of the people and their restoration


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  • Chapters 1-5

    • Corrupt leaders of both nations denounced

    • Fall of Samaria and Jerusalem foreseen

    • Justice for the poor and oppressed

    • Prophets of peace are false

    • Restoration of the Davidic Kingdom and Jerusalem


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Chapters 6-7

  • The Lord requires proper lifestyle, not empty ritual

  • Jerusalem is guilty because of injustice

  • The people will be restored after punishment


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Key Passages in Micah

A. 3:9-12

“Zion shall be plowed as a field, Jerusalem shall become a heap of ruins.”

B. 4:1-5

“They shall beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks…they shall no longer learn war.”

C. 5:2-4

“But you O Bethlehem Ephrathah…from you shall come forth one who is to be a ruler in Israel.”

D. 6:1-8

“What does the Lord require of you…do justice, love mercy, walk humbly with your God.”


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Themes

  • Perverting faith

  • Oppression

  • The Messiah---King of Peace

  • Pleasing God


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Perverting faith

Explanation – God will judge the false prophets, dishonest leaders, and selfish priests. They perverted their faith by mixing their selfish motives with an empty display of religion.

Importance – Don’t try to mix your own selfish desires with true faith in God.


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Oppression

Explanation – Micah predicts ruin for all nations and leaders who were oppressive towards others. God will not put up with such injustice.

Importance – Don’t ask God for help while ignoring those who are needy and oppressed or condoning the actions of those who oppress them.


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The Messiah, King of Peace

Explanation – God promises a new king to bring strength and peace to his people. He will restore his people through the Messiah.

Importance – We can have God’s peace now by giving up our sins and welcoming Christ as king.


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Pleasing God

Explanation – Micah preaches that God’s greatest desire was not the offering of sacrifices, but he rather delights in faith that produces justice, love for others, and obedience to him

Importance – True faith in God generates kindness, compassion, justice and humility.



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