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Introduction of Cau river basin environmental development program By Nguyen Tuan Anh Vietnam Agenda 21 Office- MPI PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Introduction of Cau river basin environmental development program By Nguyen Tuan Anh Vietnam Agenda 21 Office- MPI Contents of the presentation: 1. Social, economic and environmental conditions of Cau river basin 2. Contents of Cau river basin environmental development program

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Introduction of Cau river basin environmental development program By Nguyen Tuan Anh Vietnam Agenda 21 Office- MPI

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Introduction of Cau river basin environmental development program

By Nguyen Tuan Anh

Vietnam Agenda 21 Office- MPI


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  • Contents of the presentation:

    1. Social, economic and environmental conditions of Cau river basin

    2. Contents of Cau river basin environmental development program

    3. Implementations


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Overview of Social, economic and environmental conditions of Cau river basin

  • The system of Cau river starts from Bac Kan, Thai Nguyen, Vinh Phuc and runs through Bac Giang, Bac Ninh, Hai Duong provinces, lying in 6 provinces Bac Kan, Thai Nguyen, Vinh Phuc, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh, Hai Duong. The main branch is Cau river of 288 km long and the basin is 6032 km2 large.


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Climate, hydrometeorology

  • Tropical climate

  • Annual average temperature: 21 degree

  • Gap between seasons clearly

  • High annual average rainfall : 1500-2700 mm. In the high land: 1800-2000

  • Total waterfall in Cau river is 4.5 km3/year

  • Flood season starts from June, ends at September


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Water demand in Cau basin

  • For agriculture: irrigated for 40,000 ha and required around 400 million m3/ year

  • For householders

  • For industries

  • In general, lack of 36 millions m3 water during dry season, especially in January – March


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Social and economic figures

  • Total area: 16000km2, the basin’s area is more than 6000 km2

  • Backan is largest province ( 4796 km2) but less population ( 292383 people), less density is 61 people/ km2

  • BacNinh is smallest province, but high population (987022 inhabitants) and density is highest: 1238 people/ km2

  • The development of region based on: natural resources, water source and cultivated land, labors


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Environmental degradation

  • Forest area reduced around 1.4 million ha, remains 3.9 million ha.

  • Forest cover in Thai nguyen and BacKan reduced from 48 % to 39 % in 2000, including planted forest.

  • Forest quality in Cau basin is low, poor, lees coverage and lose of capability to keep the water and avoid floods.


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  • Water quality: degraded, many places are heavy polluted. The polluters are:

  • Industry

  • Handicraft villages

  • Domestic solid waste, hospital waste

  • From agriculture and other production


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Contents of Cau river basin environmental development program

The needs for implementation of above program:

  • The basin are overloaded, over carrying capacity, especially on forest, land, water resources…

  • The river is heavy polluted by untreated wastewater spill

  • Degradation of landscape.


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Contents of Cau river basin environmental development program

  • Overall objective: -      Ensure sufficiency and balance of water in Cau river and its branches; ensure that the river and its branches are not polluted, have good landscape, mild climate, safe and sustainable water constructions and flow systems. Cau river meets the standard of a prosperous and sustainable river basin without re-violation.


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Main tasks

  • To preserve the nature, gene system, bio diversity, bring into full play the advantages of the basin. Improve the natural landscape.

  • Setup the management system in the hole basin

  • Restoration the environmental hotpots


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Solutions for implementation

  • Socialization the environmental, ecological, landscape management in Cau basin

  • Improve of state management efficiency

  • Promote the international cooperation

  • Implement the specific projects


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Organization and implementation

  • Set up the Integrated management committee ( Cau river committee) for implementation the program, that will be approved by Prime Ministry

  • The role and mandate of central government, line ministries


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Propose:

  • Study on organization model

  • Formulation of sustainable development strategy for the the basin (Agenda 21 for basin)

  • Implementation of pilot projects


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Thank you


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