Important events in the history of Hawaiian commercial fisheries
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Important events in the history of Hawaiian commercial fisheries. 1976 – Congress passes the Fisheries Management and Conservation Act 1984 – closure of Hawaiian Tuna Packers cannery 1987 – beginning of buildup of longline fleet

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Important events in the history of Hawaiian commercial fisheries

1976 – Congress passes the Fisheries Management and Conservation Act

1984 – closure of Hawaiian Tuna Packers cannery

1987 – beginning of buildup of longline fleet

1990 – amendments to FMCA recognize need for management of highly migratory species

2000 – recognition that swordfish longline fishery is taking turtles

2000 – President Clinton creates northwestern Hawaiian Islands coral reefecosystem reserve


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. fisheries






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Exclusive economic zones (fishery conservation zones) in the Pacific, including the Hoomalu and Mau bottom fishing zones in the northwest Hawaiian Islands


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Commercial catches of four important bottom fish Pacific, including the Hoomalu and Mau bottom fishing zones in the northwest Hawaiian Islands


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Commercial catches of Akule and Opelu Pacific, including the Hoomalu and Mau bottom fishing zones in the northwest Hawaiian Islands


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History of commercial lobster catches Pacific, including the Hoomalu and Mau bottom fishing zones in the northwest Hawaiian Islands


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Hawaii Seafood Buyers Guide Pacific, including the Hoomalu and Mau bottom fishing zones in the northwest Hawaiian Islands

  • http://hawaii-seafood.org

  • Introduction/Overview

  • Species descriptions

    • Biology, availability, fishing methods, etc.

  • Recipes / Substitutions

  • List of Exporters


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Introduction to Hawaii‘s Longline Fisheries, Auction System, and Fish Species

University of Hawaii

OCN 331

Living Marine Resources

October 4, 2007

Honolulu, Hawaii

Brooks Takenaka

United Fishing Agency

Hawaii Seafood Project 2 (NOAA)


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Healthy, well-managed fish stock System, and Fish Species

Vessel Safety, Environmental Regulations

US Coast Guard

Fishing

Industry

Other stakeholders

Fishery Scientists

(NOAA - PIFSC, PFRP-JIMAR)

Fishery Regulators

(NOAA PIRO)

= FMP’s

= Stakeholder input

= Fish harvest

= Scientific data

= Regulations/ Enforcement

Fishery Management System

Fishery Regulations

Fishery Mgt Council

(WPRFMC)

Fishery Mgt

Plans

John Kaneko and Yvette Yamamoto, Hawaii Seafood Project (NOAA)


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Fishery Management System, and Fish Species

Fish Stock

Fishery Scientists

Mgt Council

Fishing Industry

Fishery Regulators

Fish Auction

Wholesalers

Retailers

Environmental NGO’s

Consumers

Fishery Management System in Hawaii

Other Regulations

Fishery

Regulatory or Legal Action

Fish & Seafood

Information & Data

Fishery Management Plan

USCG Vessel Safety & Environmental Regulations

Federal FDA Seafood HACCP, GMP’s

State Health Regulations

John Kaneko and Yvette Yamamoto, Hawaii Seafood Project (NOAA)


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50-75 nm Nearshore Exclusion Zone System, and Fish Species

INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT OF PELAGICS IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN

WCPFC

Range of Hawaii Fleet

EEZ Around Hawaii

IATTC

Longline quota for

bigeye now in effect


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OTHER NATIONS System, and Fish Species

97.3%

HAWAII LONGLINE FISHERY

2.7%

HAWAII LONGLINE FISHERY PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL NUMBER OF LONGLINE VESSELS OPERATING IN THE WESTERN AND CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN (1998 – 2004)


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OTHER NATIONS System, and Fish Species

97.3%

HAWAII LONGLINE FISHERY

2.7%

HAWAII LONGLINE FISHERY PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL WESTERN AND CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN

BIGEYE TUNA CATCH (1998 – 2004)


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United Fishing Agency System, and Fish Species

  • Incorporated in 1952.

  • Based on centuries old Japanese auctioning system

  • Fresh fish display auction.

  • Concentrates market forces on daily fish supply.

  • Competitive, open bidding.

  • The market generates the price.


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New Fishing Village and System, and Fish SpeciesFish Auction

  • Village set up to concentrate fishing and seafood industry.

  • New auction facility opened on August 24, 2004.

  • Larger auction floor and chilled (60° F) storage capacity.

  • Direct unloading from vessels.

  • More efficient design


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New Auction Facilities System, and Fish Species

Photos: J. Kaneko


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Port of Honolulu System, and Fish Species

  • Hawaii has a relatively low volume, but high value fishery. Quality counts!

  • Auction sells 18 – 22 million lbs annually.

  • 47th in the nation in landed volume of fish.

  • 4th in the nation in landed value of fish.

  • Hawaii take is less than 3% of the total Pacific effort.


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Auction Sequence System, and Fish Species

  • Auction weighs, labels and displays fish.

  • Auction begins at 5:30 am, Monday through Saturday.

  • Longline, handline, pole and line, and troll-caught fish in sequence.


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Auction Buyers System, and Fish Species

  • Seafood Wholesalers

  • Seafood Retailers

  • Restaurants

  • Fish Peddlers


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Auction Operation System, and Fish Species

  • Auction unloads, inspects, displays and auctions fish on behalf of the fishermen.

  • Auction does not take possession of catch. Provides marketing service.

  • Auction works with fishermen to promote best possible quality, presentation and fish price.


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Auction Fish Supply System, and Fish Species

Longliners (tuna and swordfish and other pelagic fish)

Trollers (mahimahi, tuna, marlins and other pelagic fish)

Handliners (bigeye, yellowfin and albacore from nearshore areas and offshore sea mounts)

Aku boats (skipjack and yellowfin from live bait boats)

Bottomfish (deepwater snappers, jacks and groupers).


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Pelagic Fishery Products System, and Fish Species

Other Pelagics

  • Mahimahi

  • Wahoo

  • Opah

  • Sickle pomfret

  • Escolar/oilfish

    Sharks

  • Mako

  • Thresher

Tuna

  • Bigeye

  • Yellowfin

  • Albacore

  • Bluefin

  • Skipjack

    Billfish

  • Swordfish

  • Blue marlin

  • Striped marlin

  • Spear fish


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Bottomfish Fishery Products System, and Fish Species

Affected by closure

  • Onaga

  • Ehu

  • Kalekale

  • Opakapaka

  • Gindai

  • Hapu‘upu‘u

  • Lehi

Bottomfish

  • Onaga

  • Ehu

  • Opakapaka

  • Kalekale

  • Uku

  • Hapu‘upu‘u

  • Gindai

  • Lehi

  • Butaguchi

  • Ta‘ape

  • White Ulua


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Bigeye System, and Fish Species

Ahi

Photos: Hawaii Seafood Promotion Committee and State of Hawaii, DBEDT


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Yellowfin System, and Fish Species

Ahi

Photos: Hawaii Seafood Promotion Committee and State of Hawaii, DBEDT


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Tombo System, and Fish Species

Albacore tuna

Photos: Hawaii Seafood Promotion Committee and State of Hawaii, DBEDT


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Aku System, and Fish Species

Skipjack tuna

Photos: Hawaii Seafood Promotion Committee and State of Hawaii, DBEDT


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Shutome System, and Fish Species

Swordfish

Photos: Hawaii Seafood Promotion Committee and State of Hawaii, DBEDT


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Nairagi System, and Fish Species

Striped Marlin

Photos: Hawaii Seafood Promotion Committee and State of Hawaii, DBEDT


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Kajiki System, and Fish Species

Blue Marlin

Photos: Hawaii Seafood Promotion Committee and State of Hawaii, DBEDT


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Hebi System, and Fish Species

Shortbill Spearfish

Photos: Hawaii Seafood Promotion Committee and State of Hawaii, DBEDT


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Mahimahi System, and Fish Species

Mahimahi

Photos: Hawaii Seafood Promotion Committee and State of Hawaii, DBEDT


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Ono System, and Fish Species

Wahoo

Photos: Hawaii Seafood Promotion Committee and State of Hawaii, DBEDT


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Opah System, and Fish Species

Moonfish

Photos: Hawaii Seafood Promotion Committee and State of Hawaii, DBEDT


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Monchong System, and Fish Species

Sickle Pomfret

Photos: Hawaii Seafood Promotion Committee and State of Hawaii, DBEDT


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Onaga System, and Fish Species

Long tailed red snapper

Photos: Hawaii Seafood Promotion Committee and State of Hawaii, DBEDT


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Ehu System, and Fish Species

(short tailed red snapper)


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Opakapaka System, and Fish Species

Pink Snapper

Photos: Hawaii Seafood Promotion Committee and State of Hawaii, DBEDT


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Kalekale System, and Fish Species


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Uku System, and Fish Species

Gray Snapper

Photos: Hawaii Seafood Promotion Committee and State of Hawaii, DBEDT


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Hapu‘upu‘u System, and Fish Species

Sea Bass

Photos: Hawaii Seafood Promotion Committee and State of Hawaii, DBEDT


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Gindai System, and Fish Species

(roosevelt snapper or bubblegum snapper)


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Lehi System, and Fish Species

(Silverjaw jobfish)


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Butaguchi System, and Fish Species

(thick lipped ulua or pig ulua)


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Ta‘ape System, and Fish Species

(Bluestripe snapper)


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White Ulua System, and Fish Species

(Giant Trevally)


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Hawaii Seafood System, and Fish SpeciesBuyer’s Guide

www.hawaii-seafood.org


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