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ILLUMINATING THE DARK CONTINENT: UNDERSTANDING AFRICA THROUGH PHOTOGRAPHS When you think of Africa, what images come to mind? Africa: A Continent of Contrasts Life Expectancy: Egypt: 70.4 Zambia: 37.2 Literacy Rates: Zimbabwe: 85% Niger: 12% Yearly Earnings Per Person:

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

ILLUMINATING THE

DARK CONTINENT:

UNDERSTANDING AFRICA THROUGH

PHOTOGRAPHS

slide6

Africa: A Continent of Contrasts

Life Expectancy:

Egypt: 70.4

Zambia: 37.2

Literacy Rates:

Zimbabwe: 85%

Niger: 12%

Yearly Earnings Per Person:

Botswana: $3337.49

Ethiopia: $100.28

Access to Safe Drinking Water:

Egypt: 82%

Niger: 19%

slide7

LIVING CONDITIONS

3,000 African children under 5 die each day from Malaria

slide8

Some 2 million residents

live in the shanty-town

of Soweto, just outside

of prosperous Johannesburg.

The vast majority do not have running water or reliable electricity. Crime is rampant as is the spread of contagious diseases. The World Health Organization described Soweto as a “national health risk.” The South African government calls Soweto “a diamond in the rough.”

slide9

INTERNAL CONFLICT

There are presently 19 ethnic/political wars taking place in Africa

slide10

Between 1971-1979,

Idi Amin of Uganda

ordered the death of

some 300,000 Ugandans. When exiled in 1979, Amin leaves his already impoverished country $320 million in debt

and crippled by 200% inflation. He “retires” to Saudi Arabia and dies in 2003.

slide11

POVERTY

Seventy-percent of Africans live on less than $2.00 a day

slide12

Plagued by drought and a lack of infrastructure, African food production has decreased over 23% within the past decade. Thirty percent of African

children are malnourished. Half of all deaths of African pre-schoolers stem from malnutrition. More than 3,900 African children die each day due to unsafe drinking water.

slide14

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

Over the past four decades, the African elephant population has been reduced by more than 80%.

slide15

Logging and poaching have both lead to significant decreases in

African wildlife. Hunted for food or for sport, African wildlife is

teetering on the brink of survival. A 10 year old African boy was paid

the equivalent of .10¢ for a lion’s head.

slide17

African is often referred to as the “Cradle of Civilization.” The richness of the ancient Egyptian civilization is evidenced in their contributions to mathematics, aesthetics, law, and architecture. Some believe it was in Africa, more than 3 million years ago, that Humans took their first bipedal steps.

slide18

Imprisoned for 26 years for opposing the oppressive white- only rule (Apartheid) in South Africa, Nelson Mandela emerged as the voice for African unity, struggle,

and hope. Elected President

of South Africa in 1994, he worked to eradicate the vestiges of colonial rule which politically, economically,

and educationally placed the African in a reduced role. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his peaceful efforts in moving South African from Apartheid to Democracy.

slide19

Africa is using its physical

resources (like Zimbabwe’s Victoria Falls) to spur

eco-tourism. Preservation

of such cites are on the rise

as African governments

realize that economics and

conservation are intertwined. Within the past decade, Africa has established numerous eco-tourism cites that preserve the natural landscape while increasing conservation awareness.

slide20

There are thousands of

water projects scattered

throughout the continent

with the goal of providing

safe drinking water to

roughly 300 million

Africans. A well, which

costs about $5.00

to start, can reduce

health risks like trachoma

(the leading cause of

blindness in African

children) and dysentery.

slide21

From running small store-front

business to backyard vegetable

stands to serving as tour

guides or school teachers,

women are on the forefront of

Africa’s economic revitalization.

It is estimated that 60% of new

businesses or enterprises are

started by women. Though

still lagging behind males in

terms of education, African

women are poised to exert a

tremendous amount of

economic influence

throughout the region within

the next decade.

slide22

Africa’s wildlife is making a

comeback. After decades of

reckless poaching and poor

land management, hundreds

of game preserves and wildlife

sanctuaries have been created.

The results are promising: the

African elephant, cheetah, and

lion populations have all

steadily increased. Yet the

African lowland gorilla is still

severely threatened. Its future

remains uncertain.

slide26

Select Resources

www.africa.8m.net/

www.worldfactsandfigures.com/africa.

www4.worldbank.org/afr/stats/default.cfm

www.awf.org/

www.africanculturalcenter.org/5_2statistics.html

http://www.planeta.com/ecotravel/africa/1196africa.html

http://www.ifad.org/media/events/2001/aids.htm

http://www.globalpolicy.org/socecon/develop/indexafr.htm

Achebe, C. (1958). Things fall apart. Oxford: Heinemann.

Conrad, J. (1899). The heart of darkness. New York: Penguin.

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