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Educational Provision: making mainstream schools autism-friendly & inclusion. Dr. Rita Jordan School of Education, University of Birmingham, 2003. Issues in Effective Integration. Size & flexibility Few explicit but enforced rules Bullying Child -> increase understanding

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Educational provision making mainstream schools autism friendly inclusion l.jpg

Educational Provision: making mainstream schools autism-friendly & inclusion

Dr. Rita Jordan

School of Education, University of Birmingham,

2003


Issues in effective integration l.jpg

Issues in Effective Integration

  • Size & flexibility

  • Few explicit but enforced rules

  • Bullying

    • Child -> increase understanding

    • Others -> seduce prime bully

      • -> Gray’s 6th sense

  • ‘Circle of friends’ & buddies

  • Support for unstructured times & toilets


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Issues in Effective Integration 2

  • Language

    • Processing time

    • Direct commands (using LSAs - no monitoring)

    • Indirect speech/ sarcasm/ idioms/ questions

    • Vocabulary - define concepts

  • Sensory disturbance

    • Proximal support - noise/ light/ smell/distraction

    • Warning for end of lesson etc. clear starts & finishes


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Issues in Effective Integration 3

  • Impulse control

    • Fire alarms - alternative sign

    • Running off - plan escape

    • Say what to do & train

    • Use visual supports

  • Parents

    • Watch stress build up

    • Daily aerobic physical activity

    • Monitor toileting - constipation

    • Homework & home-school books - need cues to memory


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Issues in Effective Integration 4

  • Managing time/ space/ class transition

    • 5 min warning to pack up

    • Teach packing up to speed - no help

    • No directions after lesson end signal

    • Allow to leave early to avoid crowds in transition

    • Don’t sit where others go behind

    • Mark own space for shared tables etc.

    • Make homework clear

      • Why

      • Aspect of lesson

      • Cues to memory


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Issues in Effective Integration 5

  • Resource base and ‘escape’ plans

    • Plan for escape -> signal & permission

    • Safe resource area

    • Reverse integration at breaks

  • Curriculum access

    • Individual

    • No common assumptions

    • Make relevant


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Curriculum: potential problems

  • History

    • Facts/ lists/ dates fine

    • No empathy - opportunity to teach

    • Evidence - helpful for all

  • English

    • Hyperlexia

    • Teach text comprehension


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Curriculum: potential problems 2

  • Maths

    • Arithmetic and rote calculation

    • Application?

    • Algebra a problem

  • PE

    • Lack of danger

    • Visual guide - circuit training

    • Team games - explicit rules (video) , contact fear, get practice,

    • Strengths - trampoline/ balance/ swimming/ running


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