educational provision making mainstream schools autism friendly inclusion
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Educational Provision: making mainstream schools autism-friendly & inclusion. Dr. Rita Jordan School of Education, University of Birmingham, 2003. Issues in Effective Integration. Size & flexibility Few explicit but enforced rules Bullying Child -> increase understanding

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educational provision making mainstream schools autism friendly inclusion

Educational Provision: making mainstream schools autism-friendly & inclusion

Dr. Rita Jordan

School of Education, University of Birmingham,

2003

issues in effective integration
Issues in Effective Integration
  • Size & flexibility
  • Few explicit but enforced rules
  • Bullying
    • Child -> increase understanding
    • Others -> seduce prime bully
        • -> Gray’s 6th sense
    • ‘Circle of friends’ & buddies
    • Support for unstructured times & toilets
issues in effective integration 2
Issues in Effective Integration 2
  • Language
    • Processing time
    • Direct commands (using LSAs - no monitoring)
    • Indirect speech/ sarcasm/ idioms/ questions
    • Vocabulary - define concepts
  • Sensory disturbance
    • Proximal support - noise/ light/ smell/distraction
    • Warning for end of lesson etc. clear starts & finishes
issues in effective integration 3
Issues in Effective Integration 3
  • Impulse control
    • Fire alarms - alternative sign
    • Running off - plan escape
    • Say what to do & train
    • Use visual supports
  • Parents
    • Watch stress build up
    • Daily aerobic physical activity
    • Monitor toileting - constipation
    • Homework & home-school books - need cues to memory
issues in effective integration 4
Issues in Effective Integration 4
  • Managing time/ space/ class transition
    • 5 min warning to pack up
    • Teach packing up to speed - no help
    • No directions after lesson end signal
    • Allow to leave early to avoid crowds in transition
    • Don’t sit where others go behind
    • Mark own space for shared tables etc.
    • Make homework clear
      • Why
      • Aspect of lesson
      • Cues to memory
issues in effective integration 5
Issues in Effective Integration 5
  • Resource base and ‘escape’ plans
    • Plan for escape -> signal & permission
    • Safe resource area
    • Reverse integration at breaks
  • Curriculum access
    • Individual
    • No common assumptions
    • Make relevant
curriculum potential problems
Curriculum: potential problems
  • History
    • Facts/ lists/ dates fine
    • No empathy - opportunity to teach
    • Evidence - helpful for all
  • English
    • Hyperlexia
    • Teach text comprehension
curriculum potential problems 2
Curriculum: potential problems 2
  • Maths
    • Arithmetic and rote calculation
    • Application?
    • Algebra a problem
  • PE
    • Lack of danger
    • Visual guide - circuit training
    • Team games - explicit rules (video) , contact fear, get practice,
    • Strengths - trampoline/ balance/ swimming/ running
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