Natura 2000 in latvia history and current situation
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Natura 2000 in Latvia- history and current situation Vilnis Bernards Ministry of Environment, of Latvia The content: The situation before start The main steps Development of Natura 2000 The situation before start The EU Agreement signed (1995) Nature protection - not a priority

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Natura 2000 in Latvia- history and current situation

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Natura 2000 in Latvia- history and current situation

Vilnis Bernards

Ministry of Environment, of Latvia

29 September, 2006, Engure


The content:

  • The situation before start

  • The main steps

  • Development of Natura 2000

29 September, 2006, Engure


The situation before start

  • The EU Agreement signed (1995)

  • Nature protection - not a priority

  • Small budget

  • Low capacity (5 persons)

  • No experience

  • But - good will

29 September, 2006, Engure


The main steps

  • Clear vision of the way and goals

  • Decisions – how to reach them

  • Financial support –3 projects (DANCEE, CoE)

  • Capacity building and training(BEF)

  • Evaluation of what we have

  • Designation of new territories

  • Natura 2000 list and data base

29 September, 2006, Engure


Development of Natura 2000 (1)

  • Species and biotopes project(1998 – 2000)

    DANCEE/Darudec

    • Legal component

    • Capacity building and training

    • Adaptation of Birds and Habitats directives

  • Emerald pilot project, Council of Europe(1999)

    • Software

    • Hardware

    • Training

29 September, 2006, Engure


Development of Natura 2000 (2)

EMERALD / NATURA 2000 project(2000 -2004), DANCEE / Darudec

  • Desk study - CORINE Biotopes project, different inventories, satellite images

  • Specially Protected Nature Territories – 3 field seasons

  • IBA inventory

  • Inventories outside protected territories

29 September, 2006, Engure


Development of Natura 2000 (3)

Partners (ca 90 experts)

  • Latvian Ornithological Society

  • Latvian Fund for Nature

  • Latvian Teriological Society

  • Latvian Entomological Society

  • Latvian Botanical Society

  • Latvian Environmental Agency

  • State Environmental Inspection

  • State Forest Service

29 September, 2006, Engure


Development of Natura 2000 (4)

Basic principles for Natura 2000 network:

  • Natura 2000 = specially protected nature territories (SPNT)

  • Evaluation of existing system of SPNT and scientific data

  • Proposals for correction of borders of SPNT

  • Inventories outside SPNT

  • Proposals for new SPNT

  • Proposals for micro reserves

29 September, 2006, Engure


Development of Natura 2000 (5)

Site selection criteria for Natura 2000:

  • Each species or habitat was evaluated individually taking into account its distribution in Latvia and EU

  • Different criteria in figures:

    • Many bird species – concrete amount of individuals or pairs

    • Some bird species – the best 5 sites in the country

    • For the rest of species - 20%-100% of population

    • For habitats - 20-100% of the total area

  • Sites designation based on the last updated scientific information

29 September, 2006, Engure


29 September, 2006, Engure


Species and habitats protected

  • 20 plant species

  • 5 mammal species

  • 70 bird species

  • 3 amphibian and reptile species

  • 11 fish species

  • 20 invertebrate species

  • 60 habitats

29 September, 2006, Engure


Development of NATURA 2000

  • In the list of potential NATURA 2000 sites only Specially Protected Nature Territories or Micro reserves.

  • Natura 2000 includes 336 territories The protection and management regimes are various – from minor restrictions in landscape areas to absolute prohibition of any management in strict nature reserves.

29 September, 2006, Engure


Information

  • Vilnis Bernards vilnis.bernards@vidm.gov.lv

  • Ministry of Environment - www.vidm.gov.lv

  • Nature Protection Board - www.dap.gov.lv

29 September, 2006, Engure


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