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C OMPUTING E SSENTIALS 1999 2000 1999 2000 Timothy J. O’Leary Linda I. O’Leary 1999 Presentations by: Fred Bounds 2000 Multimedia, Web Authoring and More 8 CHAPTER Competencies After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

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COMPUTING

ESSENTIALS

1999

2000

1999

2000

Timothy J. O’Leary Linda I. O’Leary

1999

Presentations by:Fred Bounds

2000



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Competencies

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

1. Describe multimedia including story boards and authoring programs.

2. Explain Web authoring, Web site design and Web authoring programs.

3. Describe desktop publishing, image editors and illustration programs.

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Competencies

4. Define virtual reality, VRML and V.R. authoring programs.

5. Discuss artificial intelligence: robotics and knowledge-based systems.

6. Define project management, Gantt charts and PERT charts.

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Overview

  • Software applications formerly exclusive to mainframe computers, are now available for microcomputers

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Overview

  • Advanced applications

    • Multimedia

    • Web authoring

    • Graphics programs

    • Virtual reality

    • Artificial intelligence

    • Project managers

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Multimedia

Multimedia integrates all kinds of information. Pages are linked by buttons. Story boards show logic, flow and structure. Authoring programs create presentations.


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Multimedia

  • Also called hypermedia

  • Integration of a variety of media such as video, music, voice, graphics and text

  • User participation, or interactivity, is an essential and unique capability

  • Branching out from an entertainment vehicle into business, education and the home

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Multimedia

  • Links and buttons - presentation usually a series of linked pages

  • Buttons - for navigating from one page to another

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Storyboards

  • Used in project preplanning

  • Record logic, flow and structure

  • Specify content, style, design and links

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Storyboards

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Multimedia Authoring Programs

  • Macromedia Director

  • Authorware

  • Toolbook

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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A Multimedia Presentation

Multimedia presentation

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Web Authoring

Creating Web sites is called Web authoring. Graphical maps present overall site design. Web authoring programs support design and HTML coding.


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Web Site Design

  • Determining overall content to be communicated

  • Overall theme broken into component parts

  • Site design often graphically depicted, with lines indicating links

  • Incorporating various multimedia elements

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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HTML Code

HTML Code

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Common Web Page Editors

  • Microsoft FrontPage

  • Adobe PageMill

  • Corel WebSite Builder

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Microsoft FrontPage

Web page

Graphical site map

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Graphics Programs

Desktop publishers mix text and graphics. Image editors modify bitmap image files. Illustrators modify vector files. Graphics suites bundle separate programs.


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Desktop Publishing

  • Mixing text and graphics to create professional quality publications

  • Unlike word processors, focus is on page design and layout

  • Popular programs

    • Adobe Framemaker

    • Adobe Pagemaker

    • Corel Ventura

    • QuarkXPresss

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Page produced by Desktop Publishing Software

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Desktop Publishing Layout

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Image Editors

  • Create and modify bitmap image files

  • Bitmap images are composed of thousands of colored dots or pixels

  • Artists use this programs to correct or change colors, or to add special effects

  • Popular programs

    • Adobe Photoshop

    • Corel Photo

    • Macromedia xRes

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Illustration Programs

  • Modify vector images

  • Images are collections of various objects, such as lines, rectangles and ovals

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Illustration Programs

  • Used by

    • Artists for creating line art

    • Engineers to create 3-D models

  • Popular programs include Adobe Illustrator, CorelDraw, Macromedia Freehand, Micrografx Designer

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Graphics Suites

  • Bundling of separate but complementary graphics programs from a vendor

  • Cost savings over pricing for separately purchased packages

  • Popular suites

    • CorelDraw

    • Corel’s Graphics Pack

    • Micrografx’s ABC Graphics Suite

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Virtual Reality

Virtual reality creates simulated environments. VRML is a programming language to produce virtual reality applications. Virtual reality authoring programs are used to create applications.


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Virtual Reality

  • The simulation of alternate physical realities and experiences

  • Special interactive sensory equipment (such as headgear and gloves)

  • Specially written software

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Virtual Reality

  • VRML

    • Virtual reality programming language

    • Used to create 3-D animated scenes

    • Viewed with VRML capable browsers

  • Virtual Reality Authoring Programs

    • Have migrated from high-cost versions on workstations to affordable PC - based packages

    • Popular editions - Cosmo Worlds, Platinum VRCreator and V-Realm Builder

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Virtual Reality

  • Applications

    • Numerous and will grow exponentially over time

    • Viewing molecular structure

    • Flight simulators

    • Surgical training

    • Spaceship repair

    • Nuclear disaster cleanup

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence attempts to simulate human thought processes and actions. Two areas are robotics and knowledge-based (expert) systems.


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Artificial Intelligence

  • Computers’ traditional strength is in structured problem solving, humans, unstructured

  • Attempts to mimic human thought processes and actions

    • Reasoning

    • Learning from past actions

    • Simulation of vision and touch

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Knowledge-Based (Expert) Systems

  • Capture the knowledge of a human expert

  • Provide advice to decision makers

  • Systems use knowledge bases, which combine facts, rules and user input

  • Respond to user interaction

  • Fuzzy logic allows users to respond in more natural, human like ways

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Knowledge-Based (Expert) Systems

  • Some areas of use

    • Medicine

    • Geology

    • Chemistry

    • Military science

    • Photography

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Knowledge-Based (Expert) Systems

  • Some examples

    • Oil Spill Advisor

    • Bird Species Identification

    • Midwives Assistant

    • Grain Marketing Advisor

    • Senex

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Knowledge-Based (Expert) Systems

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Robotics

  • Robots

    • Computer controlled machines mimicking human motor activity

    • Reprogrammable for numerous tasks

    • Often used for dangerous, repetitive tasks

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Robotics

  • Three types

    • Industrial - assembly line factory work, e.g. painting, polishing, cutting, welding

    • Perception systems - use video cameras or pressure sensors to inspect, sort or place parts

    • Mobile robots - transport supplies, equipment and mail

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Industrial Robots

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Perception Systems Robots

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Project Management

Project management software allows you to plan projects, schedule people and control resources.


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Project Management

  • Project - one-time operation with multiple tasks to be completed within a certain time period

  • Project Managers

    • Plan, schedule and control people, resources and costs

    • Display beginning and ending task dates

    • Important tools - Gantt and PERT charts

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Project Management

  • Gantt charts

    • Use bars and lines

    • Have two parts

      • Table listing information about tasks

      • Bar chart displaying durations and start and stop dates

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Gantt chart from Microsoft Project

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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Project Management

  • PERT charts

    • Program Evaluation Review Technique

    • Represent projects with boxes and lines

    • Displays timing and relationships among tasks

    • Shows critical path - sequence of tasks that take the longest to complete

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8


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PERT chart from Microsoft Project

Computing Essentials 1999 - 2000 Chapter 8



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