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BRAHM PRAKĀSH (Divine Illumination)

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BRAHM PRAKĀSH (Divine Illumination). By Pir Shams (r.a.) Likely date 13 th century. A presentation by Kamaluddin Ali Muhammad Devotional Literature Educators’ Sessions Itreb auditorium Karachi 05-11-08. GENERAL FEATURE. 150 couplets (pāths) with style of Kabir and Nānak

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brahm prak sh divine illumination

BRAHM PRAKĀSH(Divine Illumination)

By

Pir Shams (r.a.)

Likely date 13th century

slide2
A presentation by

Kamaluddin Ali Muhammad

Devotional Literature Educators’ Sessions

Itreb auditorium

Karachi 05-11-08

general feature
GENERAL FEATURE
  • 150 couplets (pāths) with style of Kabir and Nānak
  • Theme: spirituality, meditation, bliss, salvation.
  • Language: Simple Hindi, vocabulary drawn from Sādhuladi Boli (language used by the saints). (Tāzim Kassam)
authorship and authenticity
AUTHORSHIP AND AUTHENTICITY
  • On the basis of language, style and content, scholars cast doubt on authorship and date.
  • Not earlier than 16th century, time of Guru Nānak and Kabir.
  • Or possible interpolation, like some other ginans.
  • Or another Pir Shams of sixteenth century. (Tāzim Kassam)
  • Other ginans do not support many of the names used in this granth.
central theme
CENTRAL THEME
  • Attainment of bliss (sukh, ānand) through sabad (shabd, word or name).
  • Prescription for dhikr or meditation; three months, six months, nine months.
  • Spiritual experience
  • Long section on losers or false path
  • Equally long section on achievers
  • Spectacles and miracles
division of the text 1
DIVISION OF THE TEXT - 1
  • Couplets 1 to 5 method of attaining bliss.
  • Couplets 6 to11 inner experience after verbal repetition for three months. Love (prem), rapture sukh, ecstasy (matvālā).
  • Couplets12 to 40 criticism of the losers, wrong path.
  • Abrupt shift of topic, interpolation...?
division of the text 2
DIVISION OF THE TEXT - 2
  • Couplets 40 to 60 names of Hindu figures, deities, mythological figures, historical people (like Shivā, Prahlād, Kabir, Nānak, Rohidās, Dādu, Gorakhnāth etc) who attained bliss (sukh).
division of the text 3
DIVISION OF THE TEXT - 3
  • Couplets 61 to 77 narrate the nature of spiritual state after meditation for 6 months in the heart, then 9 months in naval and finally ascend to skull where spectacles are witnessed.
  • Couplets 77 to 93 explain the nature of sabad (shabd).
division of the text 4
DIVISION OF THE TEXT - 4
  • Couplets 93 to 105 elaborate on mukti (salvation)
  • Couplets 106 to 117 tell us that the base of author’s knowledge is personal experience.
  • Couplets 118 to 140 talk about four yugas, and that the Divine took the form of Nakalanki / nishkalanki (impeccable.)
list of losers 1
LIST OF LOSERS - 1
  • Pothi patrā vāṅchi sunāve
  • Jatā juth kahāve bhagvāna
  • Jati rākh matā khāli rahiyā
  • Jogi hoke jugti na pāi
  • Jangam nishdin visvāse dhyāve
  • Adsath tirath deh navāi
  • Khat karam tripan kare āchārā
  • Dudhā dhāri nāgā muni
list of losers 2
LIST OF LOSERS - 2
  • Pathrā puje ghant bajāve
  • Gāe vajāde tode tānā
  • Bahutā dekhe bāndhe pothā
  • Sab gināni mili padi padi phulā
  • Jadi buti kari deh jivāde
  • Bahutā karie okhad pāni
  • Bahutā nātak chitak karie
  • Jantra mantra kā kare pasārā
list of losers 3
LIST OF LOSERS - 3
  • Mandhli bāndhi mahant kilāyā
  • Koti jagan asvamedh karāve
  • Jivat dehi kheh bich dāti
  • Nirsavādi hoi kandkhadi khāyā
  • Guphā banāi rahe bhoṅ māhi
  • Udat gadat rākhe doe gotā
  • Kāshi ma jai karvat linā
  • Jai himāle gāle gudā
list of losers 4
LIST OF LOSERS - 4
  • Jivant deh agan māṅhe jāri
  • Pade sur hoi khand vikhandā
  • Kyā savāgi aru kyā sansārā
  • No mention of Mullahs, Qazis or Mawlanas
  • An miliyāki jugti batāi,

Ab miliyāki kahuṅ samjāi

list of achievers 1
LIST OF ACHIEVERS - 1

Shiv, Sankādik, Sukhdev, (Vidur)vyās, Dhruv, Pahelāj, Dās Kabirā, Guru Rāmānandā, Nāmā bhagat, Pipā, Dhanā, Rohidās, Nānakshāha, Vishan, Surjan, Mādhavdās, Dādu, Rajab, Parsā, Giyāni, Rankā, Vankā, Kālu, Kumbhā,

list of achievers 2
LIST OF ACHIEVERS - 2

Kitā, Ghat-te, Sajnā, Senā, Agar, Kiljan, Tulsi, Dās Morār, Malukā Jangi, Haridās, Bājind Bādshah, Isar Tumber, tatva vetā (philosophers), khoji (searchers), tyāgi (renouncer of the world), Gorakh, Gopichand, Bharthari yogi and uncountable more…

  • No Muslim names
sequence of thought 1
SEQUENCE OF THOUGHT - 1
  • Sat sabad (shabd)
  • Pir Shaha
  • Repetition with tongue
  • Continuous dhikr of pir shah
  • Three months with tongue
  • Shifted to brahm
  • Release of love
  • Conviction in heart
sequence of thought 2
SEQUENCE OF THOUGHT - 2
  • Essence of love, secret revealed
  • Ripple of love, release of sweetness from mouth
  • Engrossed in love
  • Intoxicated in love
  • Rapture and fearless claims
  • Divine happiness inexplicable
sequence of thought 3
SEQUENCE OF THOUGHT - 3
  • List of losers, sudden change in tone
  • List of achievers
  • Back to the topic
  • Concentration in heart for six months
  • Suddenly it moved to naval (achambhā)
  • Nine months stayed there, same bliss
  • Ascend to sky (skull) from west and witness wonders.
sequence of thought 4
SEQUENCE OF THOUGHT - 4
  • Thunder without cloud
  • Place without space
  • Rain without cloud
  • A person without a body
  • Incessant thunder
  • Heart at the trikuti (meeting point of inglā, pinglā and sukhmanā)
sequence of thought 5
SEQUENCE OF THOUGHT - 5
  • Rain of sukhmanā, where the Unseen resides
  • No instrument (tur-shehnāi) but music, no sun but sun
  • No flow but Ganges, no companion but company
  • Sound of incessant dhikr is shehnāi
  • The light is sun
sequence of thought 6
SEQUENCE OF THOUGHT- 6
  • Sukhmanā is the Gangā
  • Surti and sabad (concentration and word) are the company.
  • This world cannot be described
  • Quality of sabad (word)
  • Akhand - cannot be broken
  • Amar - immortal, does not die
sequence of thought 7
SEQUENCE OF THOUGHT- 7
  • Ajar - indigestible, digested by concentration
  • Akāl - timeless
  • Alekh - that which cannot be written
  • Adol - unwavering, immovable
  • Atol - unique
  • Athā - unfathomable
  • Akhar - indestructible
  • Apār - boundless
sequence of thought 8
SEQUENCE OF THOUGHT- 8
  • Relationship between surti and sabad
  • Miracle of this relationship
  • It goes beyond this life, beyond body
  • I said what I witnessed, no hearsay
  • Emphasis shifts from sabad to nām, word sāheb introduced.
  • Blessings of repeating sāheb nām
  • Four yugas and bhagats, nakalanki
  • Mehdi Imam…? Interpolation…?
sequence of thought 9
SEQUENCE OF THOUGHT- 9
  • Name of Pir Shams appears from pāth 141
  • Name of the granth (brahm dhiyān parkasa) at the end
selected version of itreb pakistan
SELECTED VERSION OF ITREB-PAKISTAN
  • List of losers and achievers dropped
  • Names of Hindu personalities and concepts dropped
  • Mehdi Imam dropped
  • Language modernized / refined
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