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BRAHM PRAKĀSH (Divine Illumination). By Pir Shams (r.a.) Likely date 13 th century. A presentation by Kamaluddin Ali Muhammad Devotional Literature Educators’ Sessions Itreb auditorium Karachi 05-11-08. GENERAL FEATURE. 150 couplets (pāths) with style of Kabir and Nānak

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BRAHM PRAKĀSH(Divine Illumination)

By

Pir Shams (r.a.)

Likely date 13th century


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A presentation by

Kamaluddin Ali Muhammad

Devotional Literature Educators’ Sessions

Itreb auditorium

Karachi 05-11-08


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GENERAL FEATURE

  • 150 couplets (pāths) with style of Kabir and Nānak

  • Theme: spirituality, meditation, bliss, salvation.

  • Language: Simple Hindi, vocabulary drawn from Sādhuladi Boli (language used by the saints). (Tāzim Kassam)


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AUTHORSHIP AND AUTHENTICITY

  • On the basis of language, style and content, scholars cast doubt on authorship and date.

  • Not earlier than 16th century, time of Guru Nānak and Kabir.

  • Or possible interpolation, like some other ginans.

  • Or another Pir Shams of sixteenth century. (Tāzim Kassam)

  • Other ginans do not support many of the names used in this granth.


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CENTRAL THEME

  • Attainment of bliss (sukh, ānand) through sabad (shabd, word or name).

  • Prescription for dhikr or meditation; three months, six months, nine months.

  • Spiritual experience

  • Long section on losers or false path

  • Equally long section on achievers

  • Spectacles and miracles


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DIVISION OF THE TEXT - 1

  • Couplets 1 to 5 method of attaining bliss.

  • Couplets 6 to11 inner experience after verbal repetition for three months. Love (prem), rapture sukh, ecstasy (matvālā).

  • Couplets12 to 40 criticism of the losers, wrong path.

  • Abrupt shift of topic, interpolation...?


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DIVISION OF THE TEXT - 2

  • Couplets 40 to 60 names of Hindu figures, deities, mythological figures, historical people (like Shivā, Prahlād, Kabir, Nānak, Rohidās, Dādu, Gorakhnāth etc) who attained bliss (sukh).


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DIVISION OF THE TEXT - 3

  • Couplets 61 to 77 narrate the nature of spiritual state after meditation for 6 months in the heart, then 9 months in naval and finally ascend to skull where spectacles are witnessed.

  • Couplets 77 to 93 explain the nature of sabad (shabd).


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DIVISION OF THE TEXT - 4

  • Couplets 93 to 105 elaborate on mukti (salvation)

  • Couplets 106 to 117 tell us that the base of author’s knowledge is personal experience.

  • Couplets 118 to 140 talk about four yugas, and that the Divine took the form of Nakalanki / nishkalanki (impeccable.)


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LIST OF LOSERS - 1

  • Pothi patrā vāṅchi sunāve

  • Jatā juth kahāve bhagvāna

  • Jati rākh matā khāli rahiyā

  • Jogi hoke jugti na pāi

  • Jangam nishdin visvāse dhyāve

  • Adsath tirath deh navāi

  • Khat karam tripan kare āchārā

  • Dudhā dhāri nāgā muni


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LIST OF LOSERS - 2

  • Pathrā puje ghant bajāve

  • Gāe vajāde tode tānā

  • Bahutā dekhe bāndhe pothā

  • Sab gināni mili padi padi phulā

  • Jadi buti kari deh jivāde

  • Bahutā karie okhad pāni

  • Bahutā nātak chitak karie

  • Jantra mantra kā kare pasārā


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LIST OF LOSERS - 3

  • Mandhli bāndhi mahant kilāyā

  • Koti jagan asvamedh karāve

  • Jivat dehi kheh bich dāti

  • Nirsavādi hoi kandkhadi khāyā

  • Guphā banāi rahe bhoṅ māhi

  • Udat gadat rākhe doe gotā

  • Kāshi ma jai karvat linā

  • Jai himāle gāle gudā


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LIST OF LOSERS - 4

  • Jivant deh agan māṅhe jāri

  • Pade sur hoi khand vikhandā

  • Kyā savāgi aru kyā sansārā

  • No mention of Mullahs, Qazis or Mawlanas

  • An miliyāki jugti batāi,

    Ab miliyāki kahuṅ samjāi


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LIST OF ACHIEVERS - 1

Shiv, Sankādik, Sukhdev, (Vidur)vyās, Dhruv, Pahelāj, Dās Kabirā, Guru Rāmānandā, Nāmā bhagat, Pipā, Dhanā, Rohidās, Nānakshāha, Vishan, Surjan, Mādhavdās, Dādu, Rajab, Parsā, Giyāni, Rankā, Vankā, Kālu, Kumbhā,


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LIST OF ACHIEVERS - 2

Kitā, Ghat-te, Sajnā, Senā, Agar, Kiljan, Tulsi, Dās Morār, Malukā Jangi, Haridās, Bājind Bādshah, Isar Tumber, tatva vetā (philosophers), khoji (searchers), tyāgi (renouncer of the world), Gorakh, Gopichand, Bharthari yogi and uncountable more…

  • No Muslim names


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SEQUENCE OF THOUGHT - 1

  • Sat sabad (shabd)

  • Pir Shaha

  • Repetition with tongue

  • Continuous dhikr of pir shah

  • Three months with tongue

  • Shifted to brahm

  • Release of love

  • Conviction in heart


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SEQUENCE OF THOUGHT - 2

  • Essence of love, secret revealed

  • Ripple of love, release of sweetness from mouth

  • Engrossed in love

  • Intoxicated in love

  • Rapture and fearless claims

  • Divine happiness inexplicable


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SEQUENCE OF THOUGHT - 3

  • List of losers, sudden change in tone

  • List of achievers

  • Back to the topic

  • Concentration in heart for six months

  • Suddenly it moved to naval (achambhā)

  • Nine months stayed there, same bliss

  • Ascend to sky (skull) from west and witness wonders.


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SEQUENCE OF THOUGHT - 4

  • Thunder without cloud

  • Place without space

  • Rain without cloud

  • A person without a body

  • Incessant thunder

  • Heart at the trikuti (meeting point of inglā, pinglā and sukhmanā)


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SEQUENCE OF THOUGHT - 5

  • Rain of sukhmanā, where the Unseen resides

  • No instrument (tur-shehnāi) but music, no sun but sun

  • No flow but Ganges, no companion but company

  • Sound of incessant dhikr is shehnāi

  • The light is sun


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SEQUENCE OF THOUGHT- 6

  • Sukhmanā is the Gangā

  • Surti and sabad (concentration and word) are the company.

  • This world cannot be described

  • Quality of sabad (word)

  • Akhand - cannot be broken

  • Amar - immortal, does not die


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SEQUENCE OF THOUGHT- 7

  • Ajar - indigestible, digested by concentration

  • Akāl - timeless

  • Alekh - that which cannot be written

  • Adol - unwavering, immovable

  • Atol - unique

  • Athā - unfathomable

  • Akhar - indestructible

  • Apār - boundless


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SEQUENCE OF THOUGHT- 8

  • Relationship between surti and sabad

  • Miracle of this relationship

  • It goes beyond this life, beyond body

  • I said what I witnessed, no hearsay

  • Emphasis shifts from sabad to nām, word sāheb introduced.

  • Blessings of repeating sāheb nām

  • Four yugas and bhagats, nakalanki

  • Mehdi Imam…? Interpolation…?


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SEQUENCE OF THOUGHT- 9

  • Name of Pir Shams appears from pāth 141

  • Name of the granth (brahm dhiyān parkasa) at the end


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SELECTED VERSION OF ITREB-PAKISTAN

  • List of losers and achievers dropped

  • Names of Hindu personalities and concepts dropped

  • Mehdi Imam dropped

  • Language modernized / refined


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