1. Bioinformatics Workshop June 21-25 By Jamie Stensgar
2. Bioinformatics- the science of managing and analyzing biological data using advanced computing techniques. Especially important in analyzing genomic research data.
3. Proteins *Over 200 types in body
*3 dimensional structures
*Every function in the living cell depends on proteins
4. Sex Chromosomes In a human, the normal amount of chromosomes is 46, 44 of which are autosomes, and 2 sex chromosomes.
In females, the sex chromosomes are the 2 X chromosomes.
Males have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome.
There are 23 chromosomes in the egg and 23 in the sperm.
5. Mutation Mutation: the change of trait; failure of DNA repair.
Most mutations are neutral
Some can be harmful and some can be helpful (depending on environment)
6. Super Baby A kid in Berlin (now 4 years old) who was born with naturally massive muscles. It's not a new condition, but it apparently hasn't been recorded in humans before. It also looks like the cause is a suppression of the myostatin protein, which could be reproducible. A gene that blocks production of a muscle-limiting protein (called myostatin) has been found in a abnormally muscular German baby. This news comes apparently 7 years after researchers at Johns Hopkins created 'mighty mice' through a related approach, turning off the gene that produces the muscle-limiting protein.
7. Future Treatments? Many scientists believe the find could eventually lead to drugs for treating people with muscular dystrophy and other muscle-destroying conditions. And athletes would almost surely want to get their hands on such a drug and use it like steroids to bulk up.
8. Native American DNA Verification Testing The cost of this through www.genetree.com is $245.
Two types of inheritance patterns:
mtDNA Native American Test
Y-SNP/STR Native American Test
9. mtDNA Native American Test Maternally linked
Passed on to all children
Only females can pass it on to their children.
10. Y-SNP/STR Native American Test Paternally linked
Passed only from father to son.
11. Genomics The study of genes and their function.
12. Sequencing Sequencing the genome is an important step towards understanding it.
Scientists must break the genome into small pieces, sequence the pieces, and then reassemble them in the proper order to come to the sequence of the whole genome. Much of the work involved in sequencing lies in putting together this giant biological jigsaw puzzle.
13. NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information National resource for molecular biology information.
creates public databases
conducts research in computational biology
develops software tools for analyzing genome data
gives biomedical information - all for the better understanding of molecular processes affecting human health and disease.
14. TIGR The Institute for Genomic Research Not-for-profit research institute whose primary research interests are in structural, functional and comparative analysis of genomes and gene products from a wide variety of organisms.
15. Overall Reaction Parts of this workshop were hard to understand due to my educational background, but it was very interesting.
16. The End!!!