Allocating House and Garden Plots to Benefit the Rural Landless Jennifer Brown Rural Development Institute Key Messages Land access must be important component of rural devt and poverty alleviation strategies. House plots can and do provide important non-housing benefits.
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Rural Development Institute
1. Allocate house-and-garden plots of approximately 3000-4500 sq ft (7-10 cents) to the rural landless households.
2. Use available govt land or purchase land.
3. Use portion of resources from existing rural housing schemes for land acquisition or purchase.
1. Each acre of land can provide about 10 adequately sized house-and-garden plots together with paths and common areas.
2. Land can be acquired from existing government lands or by govt purchase of private lands.
3. Land should be cultivatable and not too far from existing habitation.
4. Purchasing dryland at Rs 35,000 per acre means land cost per household is Rs 3,500.
5. For new layout or colony, adding adding dirt road, electrical line and common well for household water may increase cost to Rs 5000-7500 per family.
6. Compare Rs 20,000-25,000/household spent on existing housing schemes (Indira Awaas Yojana alone is Rs 1,500 crore/year).
7. Can, but need not, provide housing.
8. Providing such land for all landless households in India would require less than 0. 4% of India’s arable land.