2005-06 National Family Health Survey  NFHS-3

2005-06 National Family Health Survey NFHS-3 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Topics. Nutritional status of childrenAnaemia in childrenInfant and young child feeding practicesICDS coverage. . Undernutrition in Children under Age 3 Years. Percent. Undernutrition in Children under Age 3 years. Percent. Children's Nutritional Status Varies by State. Topics. Nutritional status of childrenAnaemia in childrenInfant and young child feeding practicesICDS coverage.

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2005-06 National Family Health Survey NFHS-3

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1. 2005-06 National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) KEY FINDINGS ON CHILD NUTRITION

2. Topics Nutritional status of children Anaemia in children Infant and young child feeding practices ICDS coverage

5. Children’s Nutritional Status Varies by State Data source: Table 10.2 (NFHS-3 Chapter)Data source: Table 10.2 (NFHS-3 Chapter)

6. Topics Nutritional status of children Anaemia in children Infant and young child feeding practices ICDS coverage

8. Data source: Table 9.13 (NFHS-3 Chapter)Data source: Table 9.13 (NFHS-3 Chapter)

9. Children in All Groups Have High Anaemia Prevalence Percent of children with any anaemia Urban (63%) Wealthiest households (56%) Children whose mother’s have 12+ years of education (55%) Girls (69%), boys (70%)

10. Topics Nutritional status of children Anaemia in children Infant and young child feeding practices ICDS coverage

11. Recommended and Actual Breastfeeding Practices Goal: Initiation of breastfeeding within 1 hour of birth Achievement: 25% Goal: No prelacteal feeding Achievement: 43% Goal: Exclusive breastfeeding (6 months) Achievement: 46%

12. Recommended and Actual Breastfeeding Practices (contd.) Goal: No bottle feeding Achievement: 86% Goal: Timely complementary feeding (age 6-8 months) Achievement: 53%

13. Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) Practices Goal: Feed breast milk or milk products, and feed a minimum number of times from a minimum number of food groups (age 6-23 months) Achievement: 21% Percent of children fed according to all IYCF practices Same for boys and girls Twice as high in the highest wealth group as the lowest wealth group Poorest feeding practices found in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan

14. Topics Nutritional status of children Anaemia in children Infant and young child feeding practices ICDS coverage

15. ICDS Coverage In NFHS-3, team supervisors collected information in each enumeration area (EA) on whether or not the EA was covered by an ICDS/anganwadi centre (AWC) and, if so, when the centre was established 72% of EAs are covered by an AWC 62% of EAs are covered by an AWC that has existed for at least 5 years

16. ICDS Coverage More than 90% of EAs are covered by an AWC in Tripura, Tamil Nadu, Mizoram, Karnataka, and Nagaland The only states where less than half of EAs are covered by an AWC are Meghalaya (27%), Delhi, and Arunachal Pradesh (35% each)

17. ICDS Utilization Women with one or more children born in the 6 years before the survey were asked about benefits received from an AWC for their young children and benefits they themselves received during pregnancy and while breastfeeding Although ICDS coverage is fairly high, only 28% of children under age 6 years received any service from an AWC in the last year

18. How Many Children Receive Services from an AWC?

19. Women’s Use of ICDS

20. Prime Minister’s Letter to Chief Ministers of Every State “A number of reports and surveys, including the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) …seem to indicate a noticeable decline in the qualitative aspects of the [ICDS] programme. There is strong evidence that the programme has not led to any substantial improvement in the nutritional status of children under six. Our prevalent rate of under-nutrition in this age group remains one of the highest in the world”.

21. Food for Thought What innovative steps can nutrition programmes take to address these continuing challenges and improve children’s nutrition?

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