WORLD HISTORY
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29.4 A FLAWED PEACE PowerPoint PPT Presentation


MR.HOOD´S NOTES

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29.4 A FLAWED PEACE

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WORLD HISTORY

MR.HOOD´S NOTES

DECEMBER 2014

29.4 A FLAWED PEACE


MAIN IDEA

POWER AND AUTHORITY

AFTER WINNING THE WAR,

THE ALLIES DICTATED A HARSH PEACE SETTLEMENT THAT LEFT MANY NATIONS FEELING BETRAYED.


WHY IT MATTERS NOW

HARD FEELINGS LEFT BY THE

PEACE SETTLEMENT HELPED

CAUSE WORLD WAR II.


INTRODUCTION


THE GREAT WAR WAS OVER

PEACE NOW TOP OF AGENDA


A CONFERENCE WAS CALLED

AT THE PALACE OF VERSAILLE


THEY CALLED IT THE PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE


IT WAS A BITTER DEBATE

EUROPE STRUGGLED TO SOLVE PROBLEMS


OBJECTIVE 1

EXPLAIN EVENTS THAT LED TO THE TREATY

OF VERSAILLES


MEETING ATTENDED

BY 34 COUNTRIES


HAMMERED OUT BY “BIG FOUR”


USA: WOODROW WILSON


FRANCE: GEORGES CLEMENCEAU


GREAT BRITAIN: DAVID LLOYD GEORGE


ITALY: VITTORIO ORLANDO


RUSSIA NOT REPRESENTED

(FIGHTING A CIVIL WAR)


GERMANY NOT REPRESENTED

(CONSIDERED GUILTY PARTY)


GERMANY`S ALLIES ALSO NOT REPRESENTED


WILSON PROPOSED A PLAN

WITH FOURTEEN POINTS


WILSON´S PLAN WANTED

JUST + LASTING PEACE


WILSON: NO SECRET TREATIES

(ALLIANCES CAUSE OF WAR)


WILSON: REDUCED ARMIES

(MILITARISM CAUSE OF WAR)


WILSON: ADJUSTMENT OF COLONIAL CLAIMS (IMPERIALISM CAUSE OF WAR)


FINALLY, WILSON: WANTED GENERAL ASSOCIATION OF COUNTRIES


BUT BRITAIN + FRANCE WANTED TO PUNISH GERMANY


BRITAIN+ FRANCE: STRIP GERMANY OF WAR-MAKING POWER


HEATED ARGUMENTS BUT COMPROMISE FINALLY REACHED


TREATY OF VERSAILLE SIGNED

5 YEARS AFTER FRANZ FERDINAND SHOT


THE TREATY SEVERELY PUNISHED GERMANY


GERMANY SOLELY BLAMED FOR WAR

(NOT AUSTRIA-HUNGARY?)


GERMANY LOST TERRITORY


GERMANY FORCED TO PAY ALL WAR REPARATIONS OR COSTS


GERMANY LOST COLONIES

TO LEAGUE OF NATIONS


GERMANY FACED MILITARY RESTRICTIONS


GERMANY FORCED INTO SIGNING THE TREATY


TREATY ALSO CREATED

LEAGUE OF NATIONS


OBJECTIVE 2

IDENTIFY THE EFFECTS OF THE TREATY ON EUROPEAN POWERS


TREATY OF VERSAILLE DESIGNED FOR LONG + LASTING PEACE


BUT ONLY CAUSED PROBLEMS

AMONG VICTORS + LOSERS


CENTRAL POWERS ALL LOST LAND

+ NEW COUNTRIES CREATED


RUSSIA LOST LAND, TOO

POLAND + ROMANIA GAINED LAND


NEW NATIONS FORMED FINLAND, ESTONIA, LATIVIA, LITHUANIA


TREATY DID NOTHING FOR LONG + LASTING PEACE


USA REJECTED TREATY


BLAMING GERMANY MEANT “PEACE BUILT ON QUICKSAND”


CAUSED ANGER + DESPAIR AMONG ALL NATIONS


RESENTMENT GREW AND ULTIMATELY LED TO WORLD WAR II


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